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  1. The Design+Encyclopedia (the "Encyclopedia") is a collection of information, resources, and materials related to the field of design and its subdisciplines, as well as any topic for which a designer, artist, architect, innovator, creative or critical thinker could come up with a subjective opinion or objective facts for.
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Design of the Day
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Design Team of the Day
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Designer of the Day
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Design Legend of the Day
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Design Interview of the Day
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Highlight of the Day
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Autochrome Photography

Autochrome photography is a process of creating photographs using a special color screen composed of dyed potato starch grains which allows for vivid colors to be captured. This method of photography has had a major influence on the early stages of graphic design due to its ability to render a large array of colors, which was not possible using other existing technologies at the time. Autochrome photography encourages the usage of bold and vivid colors within design, ultimately helping to shape modern graphic design we know today.

Colour Photography, Color Screens, Early Graphic Design, Potato Starch, Autochrome.

Giovanni Zanetti

Automotive Electrical Design

Automotive electrical design is a complex field of engineering that requires a deep understanding of the principles of electrical engineering and a creative approach to problem solving. Designers must have an in-depth knowledge of the components used in cars and how they work together to create the electrical architecture of the vehicle. This includes understanding the power requirements, the physical constraints of the components, and the environmental conditions they must be able to withstand. Additionally, designers must be able to think outside the box and come up with creative solutions to the challenges they face. They must be able to communicate effectively with the team and ensure that the design meets the customer's needs. Automotive electrical design is an ever-evolving field that requires designers to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies.

Automotive Electrical Design, Automotive Wiring, Electrical Architecture, Power Distribution, Vehicle Electronics

Eleonora Barbieri

Adolphus Da Karolis

Adolphus Da Karolis is a renowned artist and designer known for his unique and captivating visual style. He has gained worldwide recognition for his works, which span a wide range of mediums, including glass, ceramics, paintings, sculptures, installations, and murals. His art is characterized by its emotive nature, surrealism, and use of bold colors, intricate textures, and symbolism. Adolphus's works often convey complex ideas and messages, exploring new possibilities in his art. In addition to his artistic pursuits, Adolphus Da Karolis is also a highly acclaimed designer and creative. He has been commissioned to create art for various public and private projects, including large-scale sculptures and murals. His works have been featured in numerous exhibitions and galleries, and he continues to push boundaries and innovate in his field. Adolphus Da Karolis's most acclaimed works include Il Viale di Sogni Caroselli, La Processione della Vita, and Elefante d'Acqua. These works showcase his unique style and emotive nature, evoking a dreamlike atmosphere and conveying complex messages through the use of symbolism and metaphor. Overall, Adolphus Da Karolis is a multifaceted artist and designer who continues to captivate and inspire audiences around the world. His works are a testament to his creativity, innovation, and unique vision, and he remains a prominent figure in the art world today.

artist, designer, glass, ceramics, paintings, sculptures, installations, murals, emotive, surrealism, symbolism, innovation

Kevin Smith

Artificial Lighting Design

Artificial lighting design is the use of lighting systems for the purpose of enhancing a space, creating ambiance, or highlighting architectural elements and artwork in a built environment. To make your artificial lighting design better, it is important to consider factors such as the size, shape and color of the space, the purpose of the space and the type of lighting technology that would be most suitable for the space. Additionally, you should think about the potential for flexible lighting systems, dimming controls, and the aesthetic look of the fixtures in the space. Additionally, you should consider the overall energy efficiency of the lighting system and the sustainability of the materials that are used in the design.

Colour, contrast, intensity, placement, efficiency.

Beatrice Colombo

Architecture In South Africa

The history of architecture in South Africa is a fascinating journey through a diverse range of styles and movements. As early as the 11th century, the indigenous people of the region were building dwellings and structures, such as the Great Zimbabwe, which was a complex of stone-built structures constructed by the Shona people. During the colonial period, the Dutch and British brought with them various traditional styles, such as the Cape Dutch and Georgian, which were adapted to the local environment and climate. The 20th century saw a range of modernist movements, from the Art Deco and Bauhaus styles of the 1920s, to the brutalist and African-inspired architecture of the post-independence period. Throughout all of these periods, architecture in South Africa has been characterized by a distinct mix of influences, from its African roots to the more modernist influences of the West.

Eclecticism, Vernacular, Postmodernism, Regionalism, Transnationalism.

Anika Singh

Aging Studies

Aging Studies is an interdisciplinary field of research that seeks to understand the physical, psychological, and social changes that occur as people age. It encompasses a wide range of topics, from the biological processes of aging to the impact of aging on individuals and society as a whole. One important aspect of Aging Studies is the focus on improving the quality of life for older adults, by developing strategies and solutions that address their unique needs and preferences. In recent years, there has been a growing recognition of the importance of Aging Studies in the design of products, services, and environments. Designers trained in Aging Studies strive to create solutions that are tailored to the needs and abilities of older adults, and that promote greater accessibility and inclusivity. This requires an understanding of how age-related changes in physical, cognitive, and emotional abilities affect a person's interaction with different designs, as well as an awareness of the social and cultural factors that influence the aging experience. One important area of research in Aging Studies is the impact of technology on older adults. As technology continues to play an increasingly important role in our daily lives, it is important to understand how older adults use and interact with different technologies, and how these technologies can be designed to better meet their needs. This includes research on how older adults use smartphones, tablets, and other digital devices, as well as how they engage with voice-activated devices and other emerging technologies. Another important area of research in Aging Studies is the impact of aging on the family and society as a whole. This includes research on the changing roles and relationships of family members as they age, as well as the impact of aging on social networks, community participation, and civic engagement. By understanding the social and cultural factors that influence the aging experience, researchers and designers can develop solutions that promote greater social connectedness and community engagement among older adults. Overall, Aging Studies is a rapidly growing field of research that seeks to understand the impact of aging on individuals and society, and to develop strategies and solutions that promote greater accessibility, inclusivity, and quality of life for older adults. By combining insights from biology, psychology, sociology, and design, researchers and designers can develop innovative solutions that address the unique needs and preferences of older adults, and that promote greater social connectedness and community engagement.

aging, interdisciplinary, quality of life, design, technology

Daniel King

Achim Duchow

Achim Duchow is a German artist who has been taking part in the art world for decades. He is chiefly known for his portraits and his tall, slim figures which have been described as graceful and elegant. The use of color in his work is remarkable, and his use of light is often described as striking. His painting, The Goldfish was acquired by the National Art Gallery of Germany and remains one of his most famous works. His portraits of famous figures like the composer Bach are also known and admired among art admirers.

Achim Duchow, German artist, portrait, figure, light.

Mei Wang

Architecture In Gambia

Architecture in Gambia is a subject of much interest, as the country has a long and varied history of architectural styles and aesthetics. During the prehistoric period, Gambian architecture was largely influenced by the indigenous cultures, with structures such as stone circles, tombs, and megalithic monuments. In the medieval period, the introduction of Islam to the region had a significant impact on the architecture, resulting in the construction of mosques, mausoleums, and other religious buildings, as well as the adoption of traditional Islamic styles of decoration. During the colonial period, the country experienced an influx of European architectural styles, with the erection of forts, churches, and other public buildings in the style of the British Empire. In the modern period, Gambian architecture has been influenced by a variety of styles, from the traditional vernacular to modernist and postmodernist designs. Throughout its history, Gambian architecture has been characterized by its functionalism, ingenuity, and aesthetic beauty.

Cultural, Vernacular, Colonial, Heritage, Modernist.

Anika Singh

Art And Design In Spirituality

Art and design have played a significant role in spirituality throughout human history. Sacred spaces, religious artifacts, and artistic expressions have been designed and created to facilitate spiritual experiences and emotional connections with the divine. A good example of art and design in spirituality is the stained-glass windows found in many religious buildings, such as churches and temples. The combination of light and color in these windows creates a serene and contemplative atmosphere that allows worshippers to connect with a higher power. Additionally, the intricate designs and patterns in the stained-glass windows often depict religious stories or symbols, providing visual cues for meditation and prayer. In designing spaces for spiritual practices, the use of natural materials such as wood, stone, and water can be particularly effective in creating a tranquil atmosphere. The placement of these elements can also be important - such as the use of water features in feng shui or the use of labyrinths in meditation practices. In terms of artistic expressions, spiritual art can take many forms, from traditional iconography to contemporary installations. The use of symbolism and metaphor in creating these artworks can help to convey complex spiritual concepts and inspire deep reflection. Ultimately, the success of art and design in spirituality depends on how well it facilitates the user's connection with the divine. A good design should be thoughtful, elegant, and contemplative, encouraging worshippers to reflect on their spiritual journey and connect with something greater than themselves.

Stained-glass windows, Natural materials, Symbolism, Metaphor, Contemplation

Christopher Taylor

Architecture And Design Conservation

Architecture and design conservation refers to the process of preserving and restoring buildings, structures, and objects of historical, cultural or architectural significance. It involves the careful evaluation of the original structure, design, and materials used in their construction, and adhering to the principles of preservation, restoration, and reconstruction. The conservation of architecture and design involves a range of techniques and considerations, including maintaining the original materials and finishes, restoring damaged or missing features, and ensuring that the structure's historical integrity and cultural significance are maintained. A good example of architecture and design conservation demonstrates a combination of classic and modern strategies. For example, using traditional materials and methods of construction can help maintain the historical authenticity of a building or structure, while incorporating modern technologies and materials can improve its structural integrity and functionality. When designing for conservation, it is important to consider the intended use of the structure, as well as the environmental and social impact of its conservation. A well-designed conservation project should prioritize sustainability, energy efficiency, and accessibility, while persevering the architectural and historical significance of the structure. In order to achieve a successful architecture and design conservation, there are specific criteria that must be met. These include proper documentation, evaluation of the original materials and techniques used in construction, research on the building's history, and use of appropriate and compatible techniques for any updates or restoration, among others. A comprehensive conservation project also factors in the cultural, societal, and environmental implications of the building or object, ensuring that its significance remains meaningful in the present and future.

Architecture, Design, Conservation, Preservation, Restoration

Ryan Johnson

Alexander Payne

Alexander Payne is a highly acclaimed American filmmaker, screenwriter, and producer. He is known for his unique style of storytelling, which often explores the complexities of human relationships and the human condition. Payne has received numerous awards and nominations for his work, including two Academy Awards for Best Adapted Screenplay for his films Sideways and The Descendants. Payne's films often feature flawed and relatable characters who are struggling to navigate their way through life. He has a talent for capturing the nuances of human behavior and presenting them in a way that is both poignant and humorous. Payne's films are also known for their beautiful cinematography and attention to detail, which help to create a rich and immersive world for the viewer. In addition to his work in film, Payne is also an advocate for environmental causes and has been involved in various initiatives to promote sustainability and combat climate change. He is a member of the Natural Resources Defense Council and has spoken out about the importance of protecting the environment for future generations. Overall, Alexander Payne is a talented and multifaceted artist who has made significant contributions to the world of film and beyond. His unique perspective and commitment to social and environmental causes have made him a respected figure in the entertainment industry and beyond.

American, filmmaker, screenwriter, producer, storytelling, human relationships, human condition, Academy Awards, flawed characters, relatable, poignant, humorous, cinematography, attention to detail, environmental causes, sustainability, climate change, N

Daniel Martin

Automatic Pencils

Automatic pencils, also known as mechanical pencils, are writing instruments that use a mechanism to extend and retract a thin lead core. Unlike traditional pencils that require frequent sharpening, automatic pencils have a refillable lead reservoir that can be advanced as needed with a push button or twist mechanism. The lead is typically made of graphite, but can also be made of other materials such as colored or non-photo blue leads for specialized applications. Automatic pencils were first invented in the late 19th century, but did not become popular until the mid-20th century with the development of plastic materials and mass production techniques. Today, automatic pencils are widely used by students, artists, engineers, and anyone who needs a precise and consistent writing or drawing tool. One of the main advantages of automatic pencils is their ease of use and convenience. They eliminate the need for sharpeners and can be easily refilled with new leads. They also provide a consistent line width and can create fine lines that are difficult to achieve with traditional pencils. Additionally, automatic pencils are available in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colors to suit different preferences and applications. While automatic pencils are generally reliable and durable, they do require occasional maintenance and cleaning to ensure optimal performance. The lead reservoir should be periodically emptied and cleaned to prevent clogging, and the lead advance mechanism may need to be lubricated with graphite powder to prevent sticking. Overall, automatic pencils are a versatile and convenient writing and drawing tool that have become a staple in many industries and applications.

writing instrument, refillable, graphite, precision, convenience

Andrew Campbell

Antoin Sevruguin

Antoin Sevruguin was a visionary photographer who was ahead of his time and had the ability to capture the beauty of his surroundings in an entirely unique way. He was a master of composition and his photographs are often characterized by the use of strong lines and dynamic compositions. His photographs are also deeply rooted in Iranian culture, as he was passionate about documenting the people, the culture, and the landscapes of his homeland through his lens. In addition to his extensive body of work, he is also credited with having an influence on modern Iranian photography. He was a mentor to many young photographers, inspiring them to explore and experiment with their craft. He also wrote extensively about photography, sharing his knowledge and insights with others.

Antoin Sevruguin, Photography, Iran, Qajar, Pahlavi, Creative, Inspiration.

Claudia Rossetti

Actor, Talent And Model Design

Actor, Talent and Model Design is the process of creating a visual representation of an actor, talent or model for the purpose of promoting them within the entertainment industry. This involves creating a portfolio of images that accurately reflect the individual's personality and physical characteristics, as well as their acting, talent and modeling skills. The portfolio should be designed to showcase the individual's unique qualities and to attract potential employers or clients.

Actor, Talent, Model, Design, Portfolio, Promotion, Entertainment, Visual Representation, Personality, Physical Characteristics, Acting, Talent, Modeling, Unique Qualities, Employers, Clients

Alexander Barclay

Auguste Raffet

Auguste Raffet was a celebrated French artist of the 19th century, known for his powerful and expressive depictions of war scenes and rural landscapes. His works captured the energy and intensity of battle, with a great attention to detail, as well as the beauty of nature in all seasons. Raffet's skill in composition, color, and layout made him a highly respected artist in his time, and his works continue to inspire artists, designers, and creatives today. Raffet's interest in military history and his passion for art led him to create some of the most impressive war paintings of his time. His works often depicted the chaos and intensity of battle, with soldiers charging into battle, cannons firing, and smoke filling the air. Raffet's attention to detail was remarkable, as he captured the uniforms, weapons, and equipment of the soldiers with great accuracy. His works also showed the human side of war, with wounded soldiers being carried off the battlefield and soldiers mourning their fallen comrades. In addition to his war paintings, Raffet was also known for his beautiful depictions of the French countryside. His works captured the beauty of nature in all seasons, from the vibrant colors of spring to the snowy landscapes of winter. Raffet's skill in composition and color made his landscapes come to life, with the use of light and shadow creating a sense of depth and atmosphere. Overall, Auguste Raffet was a highly skilled artist who captured the drama and beauty of life in his works. His attention to detail, skill in composition, and ability to capture emotion and energy in his paintings made him one of the most respected artists of his time.

Auguste Raffet, French artist, war paintings, rural landscapes, attention to detail, composition, color, emotion, energy

Christopher Green

Art Deco

Art Deco is an iconic style of design which continues to influence modern aesthetics today. Its combination of bold colors, geometric patterns, and lavish ornamentation has become iconic and is used to evoke a sense of luxury and sophistication. Art Deco designers sought to create a modern style which combined the traditional with the industrial, using new techniques and materials to create stunning, opulent works of art. While the origins of Art Deco are found in France during the 1920s and 1930s, its influence can be seen in many areas of design today, from furniture to architecture to fashion. Art Deco is highly versatile, able to fit both traditional and contemporary design motifs, making it a timeless way to create stunning visuals.

Art Deco, Art Nouveau, Visual Arts, Design, Geometric Patterns, Modernist Aesthetic, Luxury, Sophistication, Architecture, Furniture, Fashion, Industrial, Traditional, Colors, Zigzags, Sunbursts, Ornamentation.

Claudia Rossetti

Audio Equipment Competition

Audio equipment competitions provide an opportunity for designers and engineers to showcase their creativity and demonstrate their technical skills. Competitors are tasked with creating an audio system that can accurately reproduce sound according to certain technical specifications. Judges evaluate the accuracy and performance of the audio systems and rate them on various criteria such as sound quality, design, and price. Audio equipment competitions can be a unique platform for designers to show off their artistic vision and gain recognition for their work. Competitions like these can also serve as a platform to introduce new technologies in the audio industry, and help facilitate the development of better and more advanced audio equipment.

Audio Equipment Competition, Sound Reproduction, Audio System, Design, Performance, Quality.

Federica Costa

Art Management

Art Management is the process of planning, organizing, and overseeing the production of art. This includes developing strategies for artwork acquisition, curating collections, organizing exhibitions, and providing educational programs. Art management also involves coordinating with vendors, staffing, marketing, and fundraising. It is a multifaceted endeavor that seeks to promote and preserve the value of art.

Art acquisition, curation, exhibitions, education, vendors, staffing, marketing, fundraising, preservation, value.

Giulia Esposito


Agriculture is a vital part of the global economy, providing food, feed, fiber, fuel, and other products to people all over the world. Designers have a unique opportunity to help create sustainable agricultural systems that can produce food and other goods while also being mindful of the environment. Designers can create systems that are efficient and effective, while also being mindful of the environment and the impact of their work. They can create products that promote a more sustainable food system, such as organic farming methods, crop rotation, and water conservation. Designers can also create educational materials to help people understand how their food is produced and how to make informed decisions about what they eat. By designing with the environment in mind, designers can help create a more sustainable and equitable agricultural system.

Agriculture, Farming, Crop Rotation, Sustainable Farming, Organic Farming.

Eleonora Barbieri

Architecture And Design For Food Systems

Architecture and design for food systems refers to the planning and construction of physical spaces and systems that support the production, distribution, and consumption of food. This includes everything from farms and processing facilities to grocery stores, restaurants, and homes. The goal of architecture and design for food systems is to create spaces that are efficient, sustainable, and healthy for both people and the environment. One of the key principles of architecture and design for food systems is the integration of food production into urban and suburban areas. This can be achieved through the use of rooftop gardens, community gardens, and urban farms. These spaces not only provide fresh produce for local residents, but also help to reduce the carbon footprint of food transportation and distribution. Another important aspect of architecture and design for food systems is the use of sustainable materials and practices. This includes the use of renewable energy sources, such as solar panels and wind turbines, as well as the use of recycled and locally sourced building materials. Sustainable practices also extend to the design of food processing facilities, which should be designed to minimize waste and energy consumption. In addition to sustainability, architecture and design for food systems also prioritize health and safety. This includes the design of food storage and preparation areas that are free from contaminants and pests, as well as the use of ventilation and air filtration systems to maintain air quality. The design of food retail spaces, such as grocery stores and restaurants, also plays a role in promoting healthy eating habits and reducing food waste. Overall, architecture and design for food systems is an interdisciplinary field that brings together architects, urban planners, engineers, and food system experts to create spaces that support sustainable, healthy, and equitable food systems.

sustainability, urban agriculture, renewable energy, food safety, healthy eating

Charles King


Azure is a color that is perceived in the visible spectrum with a wavelength of roughly 470-480 nanometers. It is part of the cyan family of hues and is almost a pure chroma, having very little in terms of white or grey in its makeup. Azure is a cool color, with a tint of blue and a slight hint of green and is often thought to be the color of a clear, bright sky. It is the hue of the aether that lies above the clouds and transports color to the world in the form of light. The physics behind this color is that it is a result of the absorption of light in the orange and yellow wavelengths and the resulting scattering of light in the blue wavelength. This creates the distinctive blue hue that we see as Azure.

Visible Spectrum, Cyan, Blue, Green, Aether, Scattering.

William Davis

Automotive Sensor Fusion

Automotive Sensor Fusion is the process of combining multiple sensor signals and observations in order to gain data that is richer and more accurate than a single sensor alone. This technique is used in various areas of automotive design, including driver assistance, navigation, and powertrain systems. For instance, a system may combine data from lidar, cameras, radar and sonar sensors to gain a more detailed understanding of the traffic situation around the vehicle. Sensor fusion systems are also used to help improve the accuracy of vehicle motion estimates, such as pitch, roll, and yaw.

Autonomous driving, vehicle sensors, automotive technology, car navigation, sensor integration.

Emma Bernard

Anne Dumont

In her work, Anne Dumont has masterfully blended the art and engineering of jewelry design, creating pieces that are both beautiful and innovative. From her Jewel Box Collection, which uses a modular building block system, to her Gravity Collection, in which threads hang from gravity-defying composite structures, Anne has consistently pushed the boundaries of jewelry design. She is constantly experimenting with new techniques and materials, such as combining traditional metals with colored resins and 3D printed elements. Her bold and experimental approach to design is what sets her apart from other jewelry designers, and it is clear that her passion for creating unique jewelry that is made to last is her main driving force.

Anne, jewelry, designer, Belgium, creativity, innovation, modular, threading, gravity, metals, resin, 3D printing.

Claudia Rossetti

Art Of Guinea

The art of Guinea reflects the diverse cultural, religious and artistic influences that have shaped the nation's long and complex history. From the ancient rock paintings of the Gola people, to the complex and intricate designs of the Mande and Fula people, to the vibrant and colorful works of the modern contemporary artists, Guinea has solidified itself as a hub of creativity and innovation. In particular, the art of Guinea has been noted for its unique blend of traditional and modern aesthetics, combining traditional motifs and symbols with fresh, contemporary interpretations.

Early art forms, such as the Gola rock paintings, often featured abstract geometric shapes and stylized figures, while later art forms, such as the Mande and Fula art, combined complex geometric patterns and vibrant colors to create intricate works of art

Martina Ferrari

Animal Wraps And Covers

Animal wraps and covers refer to a variety of materials and garments used to protect animals from harsh weather conditions, injuries, or to provide comfort and support during transportation. These wraps and covers can be made from a variety of materials, including wool, fleece, neoprene, and even plastic. They are designed to fit snugly around the animal's body, providing warmth and protection from the elements. One of the most common types of animal wraps and covers is the horse blanket. Horse blankets are designed to keep horses warm during cold weather and to protect them from rain, snow, and wind. They are typically made from a durable, waterproof material and are available in a variety of sizes and styles to fit different breeds and body types. Another type of animal wrap is the dog coat. Dog coats are used to protect dogs from cold weather and to provide extra warmth for dogs with short hair or thin coats. They come in a variety of styles, including fleece, waterproof, and reflective, and are available in sizes to fit all breeds of dogs. Animal wraps and covers can also be used to protect animals during transportation. For example, some horse owners use shipping boots to protect their horses' legs during transport. These boots are designed to fit snugly around the horse's legs, providing support and protection during transit. In addition to providing protection and support, animal wraps and covers can also be used for therapeutic purposes. For example, some horse owners use magnetic blankets to promote healing and relieve pain in their horses. These blankets are designed to emit a magnetic field that can stimulate blood flow and promote healing. Overall, animal wraps and covers are an essential part of animal care and are used to protect animals from the elements, provide support and comfort during transportation, and promote healing and well-being.

horse blanket, dog coat, shipping boots, magnetic blanket, animal care

John Jackson

A Design Awwards

A Design Awwards is a common misspelling of the prestigious A' Design Awards, which is an annual international design competition that recognizes and celebrates the best designs, design concepts, and design-oriented products from all over the world. The competition is open to designers, architects, and product manufacturers who have created outstanding designs that demonstrate innovation, creativity, and excellence in their respective fields. The A' Design Awards is a highly respected platform that provides designers with an opportunity to showcase their work and have it evaluated by a panel of esteemed judges. The judging panel comprises of scholars, design professionals, and members of the press who have extensive knowledge and experience in the design industry. The judges evaluate the entries based on various criteria, including functionality, aesthetics, sustainability, and innovation. Winning an A' Design Award is a significant achievement that can help designers gain recognition, exposure, and credibility in the design industry. The winners receive a range of benefits, including a trophy, a certificate, and extensive publicity through various media channels. They also get to participate in an exclusive gala night and exhibition where they can network with other designers and industry professionals. In conclusion, A Design Awwards is a common misspelling of the A' Design Awards, which is an international design competition that celebrates and recognizes outstanding designs from around the world. The competition provides designers with an opportunity to showcase their work, gain recognition, and network with other professionals in the industry. Winning an A' Design Award is a significant achievement that can help designers establish themselves as leaders in their respective fields.

A' Design Awards, international design competition, innovation, creativity, recognition

Timothy Anderson

Architecture In Myanmar

Architecture in Myanmar has been a reflection of the country’s changing cultural landscape, with a variety of styles and aesthetics emerging in different periods of history. In ancient times, the Pyu people created an array of stupas and pagodas with Buddhist influences, while the Mon people developed a distinct style of architecture characterized by ornate terracotta decorations. During the Bagan period, the Theravada Buddhist style of architecture flourished with the construction of temples, stupas, and monasteries. The Konbaung Dynasty was marked by a transition to the Burmese style of architecture, which blended traditional Mon and Pyu styles with European influences from the colonial period. This was particularly evident in the grandiose palaces and pavilions constructed in the 19th century. In modern times, contemporary architecture in Myanmar has been heavily influenced by the traditional styles of the past, with a focus on sustainability and eco-friendly design.

Timeless, Ornate, Grandiose, Traditional, Sustainability

Anika Singh

Atherton Curtis

Atherton Curtis is a creative powerhouse who has made a name for herself in the world of art and design. Her works are renowned for their intricate details and bold colors, as well as their ability to evoke emotion and captivate viewers. She draws inspiration from nature and the environment, resulting in pieces that are both aesthetically pleasing and meaningful. Curtis has received much acclaim for her boundary-pushing exploration of color and texture, and her works have been featured in galleries and museums around the world. She has also been recognized for her skillful blending of traditional and contemporary sensibilities in her art, creating a unique aesthetic that is both timeless and timelessly modern. Atherton Curtis is an eclectic artist who continues to push the boundaries of art and design, and her works remain highly sought after by discerning collectors.

Atherton Curtis, art, design, creativity, inspiration.

Federica Costa

Ankle Socks

Ankle socks, also known as low-cut socks or quarter socks, are a type of hosiery that covers the foot and ankle but does not extend up the leg beyond the ankle bone. These socks are designed to provide comfort and support to the feet while also remaining hidden beneath shoes, making them a popular choice for casual and athletic wear. Ankle socks are typically made from a blend of cotton, nylon, and spandex, which provides a soft and stretchy texture that conforms to the foot. They often feature a ribbed or cushioned sole that provides additional support and comfort, as well as a reinforced heel and toe to prevent wear and tear. One of the main advantages of ankle socks is their versatility. They can be worn with a wide range of footwear, including sneakers, loafers, and even dress shoes, without being visible. This makes them a popular choice for both men and women who want to maintain a sleek and streamlined appearance. In addition to their practicality, ankle socks also come in a variety of colors, patterns, and designs, making them a fun and fashionable accessory. They can be worn to express personal style or to complement an outfit, and are often used to add a pop of color or pattern to an otherwise neutral ensemble. Overall, ankle socks are a comfortable, practical, and stylish choice for anyone looking for a versatile and functional type of hosiery.

hosiery, comfort, support, versatility, fashion

William Young

Architecture Of Mali

The architecture of Mali has been shaped by a combination of a variety of influences over the course of its long and storied history. The earliest of these influences were derived from the indigenous peoples of the region, who constructed earthen dwellings with thatched roofs. As Mali grew and developed, Islamic influences began to permeate its architecture, leading to the creation of grand mosques, tombs, and palaces. Following the colonial period, a modernist aesthetic was introduced to the country's architecture, which was then further developed in the post-independence era. These influences have all contributed to the vibrant and diverse architectural landscape of Mali today, which is characterized by a mix of traditional and contemporary styles. Some of the key elements of Mali's architecture include the use of mud bricks, the incorporation of Islamic motifs, the application of geometric forms, and the use of bright colors.

Mud-brick, Islamic, Geometric, Colorful, Contemporary.

Anika Singh

Adulty Toy Awards

Adulty Toy Awards are a set of awards given out annually that recognize the best adult toys on the market. The awards are judged by an independent panel of experts that have extensive knowledge in the area of adult pleasure products. The criteria for selection includes the design, quality, and overall performance of the toy. The awards are given to the toys that offer the most unique and pleasurable experience for users.

Adult toys, pleasure products, sex toys, adult awards, adult toy awards

Giulia Esposito

Automotive Navigation Systems Design

Automotive Navigation Systems Design is an intricate field of design that requires a combination of technical and creative skills. Designers must be able to create user-friendly interfaces that are intuitive and easy to use. They must take into account factors such as the type of vehicle, its features, and the needs of the user. Designers must have a good understanding of the latest automotive technologies, such as GPS, displays, sensors, and audio systems, in order to create the most effective navigation systems. Furthermore, they must be able to create a design that is visually appealing and that takes into account the user experience. This involves creating a design that is intuitive and easy to use, as well as incorporating features that allow users to interact with their vehicles in a more efficient and enjoyable manner. Additionally, designers must be aware of current user trends in order to create successful navigation systems, as well as be mindful of safety and usability standards.

Automotive Navigation Systems, Design, User Interface, GPS, Sensors, Audio Controls.

Eleonora Barbieri

Architecture In Kuwait

The architecture of Kuwait is a reflection of the country’s rich history, culture, and traditions. Kuwaiti architecture is renowned for its unique blend of modern and traditional elements, with a focus on creating harmonious and functional spaces that reflect the country’s past. Throughout the centuries, Kuwaiti architecture has been heavily influenced by regional styles, such as Persian, Ottoman, and Arabian architecture. The most prominent feature of Kuwaiti architecture is the use of mashrabiya, a type of latticework that provides shade and privacy. Additionally, the use of mashrabiya has become a defining feature of Kuwaiti architecture, with many buildings featuring intricate designs and patterns. Other notable features of Kuwaiti architecture include the use of domes, arches, and courtyards, as well as the use of colors and decorative elements, such as tiles and mosaics. Kuwaiti architecture has evolved over the centuries, with different architectural styles emerging in different periods of history. Traditional Kuwaiti architecture is characterized by its simple yet elegant designs, with an emphasis on functionality and practicality. By contrast, modern Kuwaiti architecture is marked by its innovative and contemporary designs, as well as its focus on sustainability.

Kuwait, Mashrabiya, Persian, Ottoman, Arabian, Domed, Arches, Courtyards, Colors, Decorative, Tiles, Mosaics, Traditional, Contemporary, Sustainability.

Anika Singh

Art And Architecture For Travel And Tourism

Art and architecture are essential elements of travel and tourism experiences, as they offer a glimpse into a region's history and cultural heritage. Art and architecture also serve as symbols of a community's identity, showcasing its unique mix of social, economic, and aesthetic values. Great travel and tourism experiences depend on how these elements are presented and how visitors interact with them. When designing art and architecture for travel and tourism, several criteria come into play. Firstly, the design should reflect the region's culture and traditions, integrating the local history, geography, and materials. The design should also provide information in an accessible manner, using clear and concise signage and incorporating multimedia to enhance the visitor's understanding. Furthermore, the art and architecture should be functional, providing visitors with quality spaces that offer satisfying experiences, such as places to rest, eat, or learn. The design should also incorporate sustainability principles, using materials and design elements that are environmentally friendly and contribute to the regeneration of the region. Ultimately, a well-designed art and architecture for travel and tourism should leave visitors with a lasting impression and a desire to return, as well as encourage them to engage with local communities, learning and sharing their experiences.

tourism, culture, design, sustainability, heritage

Christopher Jackson

Antonio Segui

Antonio Segui is a renowned artist and sculptor, who is widely admired for his bold and imaginative works. His sculptures are often characterized by their striking geometric shapes, which are combined with strong metaphorical elements. Through his works, Segui is able to convey powerful messages about humanity, often drawing inspiration from his own personal experiences. He is also known for his creative use of materials, often incorporating non-traditional elements such as metal, glass, and stone into his pieces. Segui has also been an advocate for public art, creating works that are accessible to a wide audience. He has been instrumental in creating lasting monuments, including the Monument to the Victims of the Plaza de Mayo in Buenos Aires and the Monument to the Victims of the Spanish Civil War in Madrid.

Antonio Segui, Sculptor, Geometry, Art, Public Art, Monument, Creativity.

Claudia Rossetti

Anonymous Workshop

Anonymous Workshop is a collective of talented and highly acclaimed artists and designers from around the world who combine their unique visions to create groundbreaking works of art and design. Their works explore the relationship between humans and nature, often by blending realism with a surreal, fantastical take on the world. They create pieces that are dynamic and thought-provoking, yet still accessible to a wide range of audiences. Their works are highly acclaimed and often celebrated for their ability to capture powerful moments of beauty and insight. Anonymous Workshop also works closely with other creatives, such as photographers, fashion designers, and filmmakers to create works that explore the boundaries of design, art, and creativity.

Anonymous Workshop, Art, Design, Creativity, Collective.

Federica Costa

Alexander Walker

Alexander Walker is an international artist and designer who has become renowned for his pioneering vision and experimental approach to creating art. His works are often characterized by bold, vibrant colour palettes and intricate textures, and he frequently combines traditional art forms with modern techniques to create an entirely new type of expression. Walker's installations often invite viewers to interact with his works and explore the world they create, while his paintings are emotive and highly evocative. Walker has exhibited his works in numerous galleries and public art projects across the world, and he was awarded the prestigious 'Artist of the Year' award in 2019. His works have been featured in several books and magazines, and he has also collaborated with many high-profile brands and institutions.

Art, design, creativity, experimentation, innovation.

Barbara Bertini

A Design Award Competition

A Design Award Competition is an annual international competition that recognizes and rewards outstanding design work in various fields, including product design, architecture, fashion, and communication design. The competition is open to designers, architects, and companies worldwide, and entries are judged by a panel of experts in the relevant fields. The competition aims to promote good design practices and encourage creativity and innovation in design. One of the key aspects of A Design Award Competition is its comprehensive evaluation process. Entries are evaluated based on a range of criteria, including design quality, innovation, functionality, and sustainability. The judging process is rigorous and transparent, ensuring that only the best designs are recognized and rewarded. Another important aspect of A Design Award Competition is the recognition and publicity that winners receive. Winning designs are featured in an annual yearbook, and designers receive a winners' kit that includes a certificate, trophy, and other promotional materials. This exposure can help designers and companies gain recognition and exposure in their respective fields. Finally, A Design Award Competition is committed to promoting sustainable design practices. The competition has a special category for sustainable design, and all entries are evaluated based on their environmental impact. This focus on sustainability reflects the growing importance of environmentally responsible design practices in today's world. In summary, A Design Award Competition is an international competition that recognizes and rewards outstanding design work in various fields. The competition has a rigorous evaluation process, provides winners with recognition and publicity, and promotes sustainable design practices.

international competition, design quality, innovation, sustainability, recognition

John Hall

Air Distribution Units For Pneumatically Driven Pumps

Air distribution units for pneumatically driven pumps are devices that regulate the flow of compressed air to the pump in order to control its operation. These units are typically used in industrial settings where large volumes of fluid need to be moved quickly and efficiently. The air distribution unit is an essential component of the pneumatic system, as it ensures that the pump operates at the correct pressure and flow rate. The air distribution unit consists of a series of valves and regulators that control the flow of compressed air to the pump. The valves are typically solenoid-operated and are controlled by a central control unit. The regulators are used to maintain a constant pressure in the system, which is necessary for the pump to operate correctly. One of the key advantages of using an air distribution unit for pneumatically driven pumps is that it allows for precise control over the pump's operation. This is particularly important in applications where the fluid being pumped is sensitive to changes in pressure or flow rate. By regulating the flow of compressed air to the pump, the air distribution unit can ensure that the pump operates at a consistent rate, which helps to prevent damage to the pump and the fluid being pumped. Another advantage of using air distribution units is that they are relatively easy to install and maintain. They can be integrated into existing pneumatic systems with minimal disruption, and they require very little maintenance once installed. This makes them a cost-effective solution for industrial applications where reliability and efficiency are key priorities. In summary, air distribution units for pneumatically driven pumps are essential components of industrial pneumatic systems. They regulate the flow of compressed air to the pump, ensuring that it operates at the correct pressure and flow rate. They offer precise control over the pump's operation, which is important in applications where the fluid being pumped is sensitive to changes in pressure or flow rate. They are also easy to install and maintain, making them a cost-effective solution for industrial applications.

Pneumatic system, Solenoid valves, Regulators, Pressure, Flow rate

Paul Adams

Architecture Theory

Architecture theory is the intellectual exploration of the concepts, principles, and philosophies underlying the design and construction of buildings and other physical structures. It encompasses a wide range of theoretical approaches, from the historical and cultural analysis of architectural styles to the study of the social and environmental impacts of buildings on communities and ecosystems. A good example of architecture theory is characterized by a deep understanding of the historical and cultural contexts in which buildings are constructed and inhabited. Designers must consider the functional and aesthetic needs of users, as well as the broader ethical and environmental implications of their work. In order to create truly innovative architecture, they must also be willing to challenge established conventions and push the boundaries of what is possible within the constraints of a given project. To ensure that a building embodies the principles of good architecture theory, designers must pay close attention to the following criteria: 1. Context: The building should be designed to fit seamlessly into its surrounding environment, taking into account factors such as climate, topography, and local culture. 2. Functionality: The building must meet the needs of its intended users, providing spaces that are both practical and aesthetically pleasing. 3. Sustainability: The building should be designed to minimize its impact on the environment, through the use of sustainable materials and energy-efficient systems. 4. Flexibility: The building should be designed to adapt to changing needs over time, allowing for future expansion or modification if necessary. 5. Innovation: The building should incorporate the latest advances in technology and design, while also challenging established conventions and pushing the boundaries of what is possible. Overall, architecture theory provides a framework for designers to create buildings that are both functional and aesthetically pleasing, while also considering their broader social and environmental impacts.

Architecture, Theory, Context, Functionality, Sustainability, Flexibility, Innovation

Michael Davis


Accolades are forms of recognition that are presented to somebody in order to show appreciation or honor for an accomplishment. In other languages, an individual who receives such recognition can be referred to using words such as glorification, homage, appreciation, reverence, admiration, tribute, laurels, kudos, plaudits, commendations, salutations, benediction, acclamation, veneration and exaltation. All of these terms, in one way or another, denote recognition for a job well done or for excellent performance.

Glorification, homage, appreciation, reverence, admiration, tribute, laurels, kudos, plaudits, commendations, salutations, benediction, acclamation, veneration, exaltation – recognition, appreciation, honor, respect, admiration, commendation, tribute, hom

Harris Awan

Abrasive Disks For Power-operated Sanders

Abrasive disks for power-operated sanders are circular tools used for sanding or smoothing surfaces. These disks are typically made of abrasive materials such as aluminum oxide, silicon carbide, or zirconia alumina, which are coated onto a paper, cloth, or fiber backing. The abrasive material can be in the form of grains, powder, or crystals, and is designed to wear down the surface being sanded through a process of friction. Power-operated sanders are machines that use an electric motor to rotate the abrasive disk at high speeds, allowing for efficient and precise sanding. There are several types of power-operated sanders, including belt sanders, orbital sanders, and random orbital sanders, each of which is designed for specific applications. Abrasive disks for power-operated sanders come in a variety of sizes and shapes, including round, square, and rectangular. The size and shape of the disk will depend on the type of sander being used, as well as the application. For example, larger disks are typically used for sanding large, flat surfaces, while smaller disks are used for sanding smaller, more intricate surfaces. In addition to their size and shape, abrasive disks for power-operated sanders also vary in their grit size, which refers to the coarseness or fineness of the abrasive material. Grit sizes range from coarse (around 40 grit) to very fine (up to 600 grit), with finer grits producing smoother surfaces. The appropriate grit size will depend on the material being sanded and the desired finish. Overall, abrasive disks for power-operated sanders are essential tools for any woodworking or metalworking project that requires precise sanding or smoothing. They offer a fast and efficient way to remove material and achieve a smooth, even finish.

Abrasive materials, Electric motor, Grit size, Sanding, Power-operated sanders

William Martin

Antoine Hérisset

Antoine Hérisset is an acclaimed French artist, known for his captivating works of art and his creative style. His pieces, full of life and expression, have won the hearts of many by capturing both the emotion and physicality of the subject. From vivid landscapes to captivating portraits, Antoine Hérisset has made a lasting impression with his stunning artistry. Among his most beloved works are “Les Pommiers de la Meuse”, “The Woodcutter”, and “The Flight of the Swans”.

Antoine Hérisset, French artist, painting, artwork, impressionist, artwork, gallery

Giovanna Mancini

Aircraft Avionics Systems

Aircraft Avionics Systems are essential for the design and operation of modern aircraft. Avionics systems provide the necessary tools for the aircraft to be safely and efficiently navigated and controlled. By utilizing a combination of sensors, transponders, GPS, auto-pilot systems, altitude and pressure indicators, and other associated hardware, avionics systems provide critical data to the pilot, enabling them to make informed decisions and control the aircraft. Additionally, advanced avionics systems can also include features such as obstacle and terrain avoidance, as well as autopilot capabilities. These systems are designed to be reliable and provide consistent performance in all weather conditions, allowing pilots to focus on other aspects of flying. As such, the design of aircraft avionics systems is a critical element of aircraft design, with designers and engineers needing to consider a range of factors including safety, reliability, performance, and cost.

Aircraft Avionics, Avionics Systems, Aviation, Aircraft Design, Aeronautics, Aerospace

Federica Costa

Anna Frances Simpson

Anna Frances Simpson is an accomplished American artist who has gained recognition for her unique and captivating visual design. Her approach to art is highly admired by designers and other creatives for its thoughtfulness and creativity. Simpson's installations often involve a combination of multimedia and sculptural elements, creating a stunning visual experience that conveys powerful messages and emotions. Her large-scale works have been featured in prestigious galleries and museums around the world, and her work is often included in art history courses. Simpson's artwork is characterized by its technical achievements and meaningfulness. She is known for her ability to express profound emotion and thoughtfulness in her works, which have been celebrated by critics and art fans alike. Her conceptual art installations and sculptures are visually stunning and awe-inspiring, making her an inspiring figure for designers and other creatives. Simpson has become highly respected in the field of art for her dynamic visuals and her innovative interpretations of the world. Her passion for design and the creative process is evident in her work, which is an expression of her unique perspective and artistic vision. Three of her most famous works are The Lavender Sky, Rice Paper Abstracts and Floating Dreams. Overall, Anna Frances Simpson is an established American artist whose work is celebrated for its unique and captivating visual design, technical achievements, and meaningfulness. Her installations often involve a combination of multimedia and sculptural elements, creating a stunning visual experience that conveys powerful messages and emotions. Simpson's innovative interpretations of the world and her passion for design and the creative process have earned her a well-deserved reputation as one of the most inspiring figures in the field of art.

American artist, visual design, multimedia, sculpture, meaningfulness

Jeffrey Anderson

Ai-Assisted Design

Ai-Assisted Design is a method of integrating artificial intelligence (AI) into the design process. By using AI algorithms, designers can optimize the design process by helping them identify patterns, analyze customer behaviors, and automate important tasks. Examples of how AI can be used include automated color palette generation, automated layout design, and customer segmentation. AI-Assisted Design can also facilitate rapid design iteration, enabling designers to quickly make changes and test ideas in real-time.

AI-Assisted Design, AI Design Automation, Design Optimization, AI Algorithms, Automated Design Technology

Emma Bernard

Andrew Atroshenko

Andrew Atroshenko is an internationally acclaimed Ukrainian artist whose works are renowned for their vivid colors and unique brushwork. His masterful use of oil and acrylic paints has made him a celebrated figure in the art world and his artwork is displayed in galleries and collections around the world, from Moscow to London. He has created many public works of art, such as a mural in the city of Kiev, and has been invited to various countries to showcase his work, including the United States, the Netherlands, and Italy. Andrew Atroshenko has been praised by many renowned art critics and is considered to be one of the premier Ukrainian artists of our time. His artwork offers a unique perspective on the human experience and is sure to captivate and inspire all who view it.

Ukrainian artist, Andrew Atroshenko, oil and acrylic paintings, public works of art, masterful brushwork.

Eleonora Barbieri

Analog Photography

Analog photography is a type of photography that relies on film, chemical processes, and printing to produce images. To make your Analog Photography better, it is important to focus on the fundamentals such as lighting, composition, and exposure. Utilizing the right elements, focusing on the details, and experimenting with different techniques will all help to improve the quality of your photos. Additionally, it is also important to learn how to develop your own film and prints in order to have full control over the entire process.

Light, film, camera, aperture, exposure.

Beatrice Colombo

Antti Lovag

Antti Lovag is a renowned designer and artist whose work has been admired around the world. He is renowned for his unique blend of creativity and technical skill which can be seen in his paintings, sculptures, sketches, and even the buildings he has designed. His unique use of color and texture has made his work stand out and captivated audiences. He has an eye for detail, creating subtle yet powerful pieces. His work has been known to evoke an emotional response from viewers, taking them on a journey with every piece. He has been able to create a signature style that is unmistakable and that stands out amongst other works. Antti Lovag is an artist who has left a lasting impression on the world of design and art.

Famed Designer, Artist, Creativity, Artwork, Masterpieces, Architecture.

Claudia Rossetti

Auto-tanning Creams

Auto-tanning creams, also known as self-tanning creams or sunless tanning creams, are cosmetic products that are designed to give the skin a tanned appearance without exposure to the sun's harmful UV rays. These creams work by using a chemical called dihydroxyacetone (DHA), which reacts with the amino acids in the top layer of the skin to produce a brownish pigment known as melanoidin. Auto-tanning creams are available in a variety of formulations, including lotions, sprays, gels, and mousses. They are typically applied to clean, dry skin and allowed to dry completely before dressing. The resulting tan usually lasts for several days before it begins to fade. While auto-tanning creams are generally considered safe, some people may experience skin irritation or allergic reactions to the ingredients in these products. It is important to follow the manufacturer's instructions carefully and to perform a patch test before using an auto-tanning cream for the first time. Auto-tanning creams have become increasingly popular in recent years as people seek to achieve a tanned appearance without the risks associated with sun exposure. They are particularly popular among those who live in areas with limited sun exposure or who are unable to spend time outdoors due to work or other commitments.

self-tanning, sunless tanning, dihydroxyacetone, melanoidin, skin irritation

Andrew Smith

About the Design+Encyclopedia
The free encyclopedia on good design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation.

Design+Encyclopedia is a free online encyclopedia, pioneering freedom of speech and freedom of expression in arts, design, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation, written and maintained by a community of design professionals, architects, artists, creators, innovators and engineers. In Design+Encyclopedia, every individual contribution is cherished, differentiated opinions and distinct ideas are respected and attributed. Anyone can edit and contribute to the Design+Encyclopedia. Become a contributor now and help us expand existing definitions with your own. The Design+Encyclopedia is open to all objective facts as well as highly subjective ideas, opinions and perspectives on everything related to design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation. Create a free account now to join our community. We have 169.951 Topics and 412.694 Entries and we are looking forward to publish your entries today.