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Design of the Day
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Design Team of the Day
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Designer of the Day
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Design Legend of the Day
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Design Interview of the Day
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Highlight of the Day
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Audible Warning Systems For Bicycles

Audible warning systems for bicycles are devices that produce sound to alert pedestrians and other vehicles of the presence of a bicycle. These systems are designed to enhance the safety of cyclists by reducing the risk of collisions with other road users. Audible warning systems for bicycles come in various forms, including bells, horns, and electronic devices. Bells are the most common type of audible warning system for bicycles. They are simple and inexpensive devices that produce a clear and distinctive sound. Bells are usually mounted on the handlebars of a bicycle and can be activated by pressing a lever or button. They are effective in alerting pedestrians and other cyclists of the presence of a bicycle, especially in crowded areas such as parks and pedestrian zones. Horns are another type of audible warning system for bicycles. They are louder and more powerful than bells and are designed to be heard over the noise of traffic. Horns are usually powered by compressed air or a battery and can produce a range of sounds, from a single tone to a series of beeps or honks. They are particularly useful in urban areas where there is heavy traffic and noise pollution. Electronic devices are the most advanced type of audible warning system for bicycles. They use sensors and microprocessors to detect the proximity of other vehicles and pedestrians and produce a warning sound accordingly. Electronic devices can be programmed to produce different sounds and adjust the volume and frequency of the warning depending on the situation. They are the most expensive type of audible warning system for bicycles but offer the highest level of safety. In conclusion, audible warning systems for bicycles are essential safety devices that help reduce the risk of collisions with other road users. Bells, horns, and electronic devices are the most common types of audible warning systems for bicycles, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Cyclists should choose the type of audible warning system that best suits their needs and preferences, taking into account the type of terrain, traffic conditions, and local regulations.

safety, bells, horns, electronic devices, warning sound

Thomas Davis

Architecture Of Uruguay

The architecture of Uruguay is a reflection of the country's rich cultural heritage, political history, and social trends. From the colonial era to the modern times, Uruguayan architecture has been influenced by a variety of styles and movements, resulting in a diverse and unique architectural landscape. One aspect that distinguishes Uruguayan architecture is its emphasis on functionality and practicality. This can be seen in the use of local materials, such as brick and stone, and the incorporation of natural elements, such as light and ventilation, to create comfortable living spaces. The country's sustainable architecture movement also reflects this focus on practicality, as it seeks to reduce the environmental impact of construction while still providing functional and aesthetically pleasing buildings. Another important aspect of Uruguayan architecture is its connection to the country's cultural identity. The influence of the gaucho culture, with its emphasis on simplicity, honesty, and tradition, can be seen in the use of natural materials and the incorporation of rural elements, such as courtyards and verandas, in urban buildings. The country's strong national identity is also reflected in the architecture, with many public buildings, such as the Legislative Palace and the Solis Theatre, serving as symbols of national pride and unity. Uruguayan architecture has also been shaped by political and social trends. The brutalist architecture of the 1950s, exemplified by the Palacio Salvo, reflects the country's socialist ideals and the desire for grandiose public buildings. The postmodernist movement of the 1970s, which combined elements of traditional and modern architecture, reflects the country's growing openness to international influences and its desire to break away from traditional styles. Overall, the architecture of Uruguay is a complex and multifaceted reflection of the country's history, culture, and social trends. It is characterized by a focus on functionality, a connection to cultural identity, and a willingness to embrace new styles and movements.

Uruguay, architecture, functionality, practicality, sustainable architecture, gaucho culture, national identity, political trends, social trends, brutalism, postmodernism

Mark Anderson

Adjustable Amounts

Adjustable amounts refer to the ability to modify a set amount of something. This could be a financial amount, a quantity of a product, or even a duration of time. This type of flexibility is often used in business and finance to allow for customizing a payment plan or budget. It can also be used in manufacturing to adjust the amount of a product being produced, or for a service provider to adjust the time allocated for a task.

Adjustable amounts, flexible payments, customizable budget, adjustable quantity, adjustable duration, adjustable products.

Robert Johnson

Award Pet Supply

Award Pet Supply is a highly esteemed sub-category of the A' Design Awards, which is organized by the A' Design Award. This category is dedicated to recognizing the most innovative and successful pet products and services in the pet industry worldwide. The A' Design Award trophy, certificate, and other associated publicity and promotion opportunities are presented to the award-winning pet products and services. The Award Pet Supply is highly competitive, and the recognition that comes with winning this award is highly coveted by pet industry professionals. The award is open to all pet businesses, including manufacturers, designers, and service providers. The judges of the Award Pet Supply are highly experienced and knowledgeable professionals in the pet industry, who evaluate the entries based on their innovation, functionality, and overall quality. Winning the Award Pet Supply is a significant achievement for any pet business. It provides an opportunity for businesses to showcase their products and services to a global audience, gain exposure, and increase their credibility and reputation in the industry. The award-winning products and services are also featured in the A' Design Award yearbook, which is distributed to design professionals, pet industry experts, and media outlets worldwide. In conclusion, Award Pet Supply is a highly competitive and prestigious sub-category of the A' Design Awards, which recognizes the most innovative and successful pet products and services in the pet industry worldwide. Winning this award provides pet businesses with an opportunity to showcase their products and services to a global audience, gain exposure, and increase their credibility and reputation in the industry.

A' Design Awards, pet industry, innovation, functionality, credibility

Eric Walker

Architecture In Eritrea

Eritrea is a small nation situated in the Horn of Africa and is renowned for its ancient architecture. The history of architecture in Eritrea can be traced back to the Aksumite Empire, which flourished from the 1st century BC until the 8th century AD. During this period, the Aksumites established stone temples, churches, and palaces throughout the region, many of which still stand today. Following the decline of the Aksumite Empire, a new style of architecture emerged in Eritrea, characterized by the use of mud-brick construction, adobe walls, and domed roofs. This style of architecture was often seen in the construction of mosques, fortresses, and public buildings. During the 19th century, Eritrea was colonized by Italy and saw the emergence of a more Westernized style of architecture. This style was typified by the use of neoclassical elements, such as columns, arches, and domes, as well as the introduction of new materials, such as concrete and steel. The 20th century saw the introduction of modernism in Eritrea, which was characterized by the use of abstract forms, geometric shapes, and the incorporation of new technologies, such as air conditioning and energy-efficient lighting.

Eritrean architecture, Aksumite, mud-brick, adobe, domed roofs, neoclassical, modernism, abstract, geometric, technologies.

Beatrice Marino

Architecture Of Estonia

As an architecture historian from Estonia, I am particularly interested in the architecture of Estonia across different periods of its history. Estonia has a long and unique architectural history, with major architecture movements, styles, and aesthetics emerging in different eras. The earliest known architecture to have been constructed in Estonia dates back to the 8th century and is in the form of the Estonian fortified settlement structures of the Iron Age. These were constructed with local materials and were characterized by the use of large stones and the absence of mortar. During the Middle Ages, Estonia experienced a period of Gothic architecture, which was characterized by the use of pointed arches, rib vaults, and flying buttresses. In the 16th century, the Renaissance style of architecture was introduced to Estonia and was characterized by the use of classical elements such as column, portico, and dome. In the 18th century, Baroque and Rococo styles of architecture were introduced, which were characterized by the use of ornate and decorative elements. In the 19th century, Estonia experienced the emergence of neoclassical architecture, which was characterized by the use of symmetry and order. In the 20th century, modernist and postmodernist architectural styles were introduced, which were characterized by the use of abstract forms, industrial materials, and the integration of technology into the design process.

Architecture, Estonia, History, Movement, Style, Aesthetics.

Anika Singh

Aquarium Air Stones

Aquarium air stones are small, porous objects that are used in aquariums to help increase the oxygen levels in the water. They are typically made of a material such as ceramic, and are designed to be connected to an air pump via tubing. When the air pump is turned on, air is forced through the air stone, creating a stream of bubbles that rise to the surface of the water. As the bubbles rise, they help to agitate the water, which in turn helps to increase the amount of oxygen that is dissolved in the water. Aquarium air stones are particularly useful for aquariums that are heavily stocked with fish or other aquatic animals, as these animals require a lot of oxygen to survive. They can also be used to help create a more visually appealing aquarium, as the bubbles that are produced by the air stone can create a beautiful and calming effect. It is important to note that aquarium air stones do require some maintenance in order to keep them functioning properly. Over time, the pores in the stone can become clogged with debris, which can reduce the amount of air that is able to pass through. To prevent this from happening, it is recommended that the air stone be cleaned on a regular basis.

aquarium, oxygen, air pump, bubbles, maintenance

Daniel Scott

Adam Alexius Bierling

Adam Alexius Bierling is an accomplished Netherlandish artist whose works have gained renown throughout the Netherlands. He is known for his captivating portraits and landscapes, exhibiting a meticulous eye for detail and a captivating use of colour and light. As a result of these qualities, his works have become cherished pieces in many public and private collections, while his name and signature are recognized symbols of Dutch art. Some of Bierling's most notable pieces include the portraits of Anna Maria van Schurman, Queen Elisabeth and Queen Louise, as well as the landscapes of the Dutch countryside along the Vecht River.

Netherlandish Artist, Adam Alexius Bierling, Paintings, Portraits, Landscapes, Dutch Art, Dutch Countryside

Giovanna Mancini

Awards For Spacecraft

Awards for spacecraft are accolades given to recognize the excellence of spacecraft and their related technologies. These awards are typically presented by organizations or groups that have a vested interest in space exploration, such as government agencies, scientific institutions, and private companies. The awards can be given for a variety of reasons, including innovation, design, engineering, scientific discovery, and overall mission success. One of the most prestigious awards for spacecraft is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Group Achievement Award. This award is given to groups of individuals who have made significant contributions to the success of NASA's programs and projects. Another notable award is the Arthur C. Clarke Award, which is presented annually to the best science fiction novel that explores the concept of space exploration. In addition to these awards, there are also numerous competitions and challenges that encourage the development of new spacecraft technologies. For example, the Google Lunar XPRIZE was a competition that offered a cash prize to the first privately funded team that could land a spacecraft on the moon, travel 500 meters, and transmit high-definition video and images back to Earth. Overall, awards for spacecraft serve as a way to recognize and celebrate the achievements of those who have contributed to the field of space exploration. They also serve as a way to inspire future generations of scientists, engineers, and explorers to continue pushing the boundaries of what is possible in space.

recognition, excellence, innovation, design, engineering, scientific discovery, mission success, NASA, Arthur C. Clarke Award, competitions, challenges, space exploration

William Thompson

Air Floating Carrying Case Design

Air Floating Carrying Case Design is a type of product design that aims to provide users with a reliable, lightweight, and secure solution for carrying items. The design of an air floating carrying case should prioritize functionality, durability, and convenience. It should be able to withstand a variety of climates and environments while maintaining its buoyancy and moisture resistance. The case should also be designed with an ergonomic and streamlined shape to ensure comfortable and easy handling. Additionally, the closure system should be secure and reliable to prevent any damage to the contents during transport. To achieve a good Air Floating Carrying Case Design, several criteria should be considered. Firstly, the material used for construction should be carefully selected based on its buoyancy, durability, and resistance to moisture and other environmental factors. Secondly, the design should be ergonomic and streamlined to ensure comfortable handling and easy transport. Thirdly, the closure system should be secure and reliable to prevent any damage to the contents during transport. Lastly, the case should be designed with an appropriate size and weight to ensure that it is convenient and easy to carry around. In summary, a good Air Floating Carrying Case Design should prioritize functionality, durability, and convenience. It should be made of high-quality materials that can withstand a variety of climates and environments while maintaining its buoyancy and moisture resistance. The design should be ergonomic and streamlined, with a secure closure system to ensure that its contents remain safe during transport.

Air Floating Carrying Case Design, functionality, durability, convenience, material selection, ergonomic design, secure closure system

Jeffrey Johnson

Articles Of Jewellery Made From Rope Chain

Rope chain is a type of chain that is made up of small links that are twisted together to form a rope-like appearance. This type of chain is commonly used in the creation of jewellery due to its durability and flexibility. Articles of jewellery made from rope chain are popular among both men and women, and can be found in a variety of styles and designs. One of the most common types of jewellery made from rope chain is necklaces. Rope chain necklaces can be worn on their own as a simple and elegant accessory, or they can be paired with pendants or charms to create a more personalized look. Bracelets made from rope chain are also popular, and can be worn alone or stacked with other bracelets to create a layered effect. Earrings made from rope chain are another popular choice, and can be found in a variety of styles, including hoop, dangle, and stud earrings. Rings made from rope chain are less common, but can still be found in some jewellery collections. When it comes to materials, rope chain can be made from a variety of metals, including gold, silver, and platinum. Gold rope chain is particularly popular, and can be found in a range of colors, including yellow, white, and rose gold. Silver rope chain is also popular, and is often more affordable than gold. Overall, articles of jewellery made from rope chain are a versatile and durable choice that can add a touch of elegance to any outfit.

rope chain, jewellery, necklaces, bracelets, earrings, metals

Brian Hall

Alcohol Glass Design

Alcohol glass design involves creating a visual aesthetic for the purpose of delivering a beverage. This often begins with the shape and size of the glass, and extends to the logos and other graphics printed on the glass. Colors and textures must also be considered when designing alcohol glass, as these elements can influence the look of the beverage and the overall presentation. Quality of the glass is also an important factor to consider when making alcohol glass designs, as it influences the durability and clarity of the glass.

Crystal stemware, stemless glassware, tumblers, oversized mugs, stemmed beer glasses, whiskey glasses, cocktail glasses, pilsner glasses, flute glasses, brandy snifters, margarita glasses, shot glasses, martini glasses, beer mugs, glass decanters, carafes

James Rothschild


Airworthiness is a term that describes the suitability of an aircraft for operation. This includes assurance that the aircraft meets all relevant safety and structural regulations. It is the responsibility of aircraft designers and manufacturers to ensure that the design and production of aircraft meet all requirements of airworthiness. It is especially important for aircraft to be airworthy before undergoing flight tests or airworthiness certification. Aspects of airworthiness can range from the design of major aircraft systems such as the wing, fuselage, and engine, to the design of small components such as cockpit instruments and avionics.

Airworthiness, aircraft certification, aviation safety, aircraft design, aircraft production

Emma Bernard

Art In Austria

Austrian art has a long and rich history, with a number of influential figures and movements that have left their mark on the country's cultural landscape. During the Middle Ages, the region was dominated by the Romanesque and Gothic styles, as well as the influence of the Baroque period in the 17th and 18th centuries. During the 19th century, the Biedermeier period saw a revival of traditional Austrian art, featuring realistic depictions of everyday life. The Vienna Secession was a major movement of the turn of the 20th century, and the country was home to a number of Expressionists, including Oskar Kokoschka and Egon Schiele. In the post-war period, the country saw a rise in abstract art, and the Viennese Actionists pushed the boundaries of art with their provocative performances. Technology has also had an impact on the development of art in Austria, with digital media and virtual reality becoming increasingly popular in recent years.

Romanticism, Realism, Expressionism, Abstraction, Viennese Actionism

Veronica Santoro

Alice Pasquini

Alice Pasquini's art is often rooted in her personal experiences, as her works are inspired by her travels, her relationships, and her thoughts on society and life. With her works, she invites viewers to explore the beauty of the everyday, and to question the world around them. Her works often combine elements of realism and surrealism, creating a dreamlike atmosphere that is both intriguing and captivating. Her works are often filled with vibrant colors and intricate patterns, creating an immersive and captivating visual experience. In addition to her murals, she has also produced works in the form of illustration, sculpture and installation art. Her art has been featured in galleries and museums around the world, as well as in public spaces. Alice Pasquini is a highly acclaimed artist and her works are celebrated for their thought-provoking messages, creative expression, and unique style.

Alice Pasquini, art, murals, installations, sculptures, illustrations, creativity.

Claudia Rossetti

Akira Matsumoto

Akira Matsumoto is a Japanese artist renowned for his paintings of nature and the human soul. His works are often noted for their tranquil and intricate compositions. Born in 1950, Matsumoto graduated from the Osaka University of Art in 1972 and soon began exhibiting his paintings around the world. He was also awarded the prestigious Guggenheim International Award in 1989. Some of Matsumoto's renowned works include 'Water's Edge,' 'Breaking Wave' and 'Twilight.' His work 'Resonance' was displayed at the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum in 2017.

Japanese art, artist, painting, nature, soul.

Mei Wang

Aseptic Packaging Design

Aseptic packaging design is an art form that requires a keen understanding of materials, design process, and product needs. The designer must be able to create a package that is both visually appealing and practical, while ensuring product stability, shelf life, and safety. In addition, the design must be able to withstand the climate and storage conditions where the product will be stored and used. To achieve this, the designer must take into consideration the product’s weight, shape, size, and other characteristics. Furthermore, the designer must also consider the aesthetics of the package, such as color, texture, and graphics. The designer must be able to balance all of these elements while creating a package that is both efficient and effective.

Aseptic packaging design, product safety, shelf life, storage conditions, materials, design process, aesthetics, efficiency, effectiveness.

Federica Costa

Apparatus For Wireless Transmission Of Acoustic Information

An apparatus for wireless transmission of acoustic information, also known as a wireless acoustic transmission system, is a device that enables the transmission of sound signals wirelessly over a distance. The system consists of a transmitter and a receiver, which work together to facilitate the transmission of acoustic information. The transmitter is responsible for converting the sound waves into electrical signals, which are then transmitted over a wireless medium, such as radio waves or infrared signals. The receiver, on the other hand, receives the transmitted signals and converts them back into sound waves, which can be heard by the listener. Wireless acoustic transmission systems are commonly used in a variety of applications, including public address systems, home entertainment systems, and wireless headphones. They are also used in scientific research, where they are used to study animal communication and behavior. In addition, they are used in the military for covert communication and surveillance. One of the key advantages of wireless acoustic transmission systems is their ability to transmit sound signals over long distances without the need for physical cables. This makes them ideal for use in situations where it is not practical or possible to run cables, such as in outdoor events or in large buildings. They also offer greater flexibility and mobility compared to wired systems, as they can be easily moved and repositioned. Overall, wireless acoustic transmission systems are a valuable tool for transmitting sound signals wirelessly over a distance. They offer a range of benefits, including flexibility, mobility, and the ability to transmit sound signals over long distances without the need for physical cables.

wireless, acoustic, transmission, system, receiver

Jason Smith

Art Of Senegal

The art of Senegal is a reflection of the country's rich cultural heritage and history, which has been shaped by various influences throughout the centuries. Senegal's art is diverse, ranging from traditional masks, sculptures, and musical instruments to contemporary art forms that incorporate digital media and new forms of expression. The country's art scene is vibrant, with a growing number of contemporary artists and galleries. One unique aspect of Senegal's art is its emphasis on community and social engagement. Many traditional art forms, such as mask-making and drumming, are deeply rooted in social and religious practices. These art forms are often performed in public spaces and are used to bring communities together for important events and celebrations. Another important aspect of Senegal's art is its connection to the environment. Many traditional art forms are made from natural materials, such as wood, clay, and animal hides. These materials are often sourced locally and are used to create art that reflects the natural beauty of Senegal's landscape. In recent years, Senegal's art scene has been gaining international recognition, with artists such as Soly Cissé and Omar Ba gaining acclaim for their contemporary works. These artists often incorporate traditional African art forms into their work, creating a unique fusion of old and new. Overall, the art of Senegal is a rich and diverse reflection of the country's cultural heritage and history. From traditional art forms rooted in community and social engagement to contemporary works that push the boundaries of artistic expression, Senegal's art scene is a vibrant and dynamic part of the country's cultural landscape.

Senegal, art, community, social engagement, environment, traditional art forms, contemporary art, Soly Cissé, Omar Ba

Kevin Johnson

André Dallioux

André Dallioux is a highly respected French artist whose works are critically acclaimed for their unique combination of abstract and figurative elements. His paintings and sculptures are renowned for their combination of bold color and innovative composition. They have been featured in many major international art exhibitions, often hailed as representations of innovation in the contemporary art world. His works have been celebrated for having a powerful visual impact that is both aesthetically pleasing and thought-provoking. Some of his most notable works include 'The Labyrinth', 'The Solitude' and 'Four Corners'.

André Dallioux, Art, French, Sculptures, Paintings, Contemporary

Giovanna Mancini

Angela Kettler-Bott

Angela Kettler-Bott is an internationally acclaimed designer and creative strategist. She has a distinctive style, combining elements of both traditional and modern design practices to create unique and powerful brands. Her eye for detail, her knowledge of the latest trends in design, and her ability to craft meaningful brand stories has earned her the respect of many leading designers. Throughout her career, she has worked with a wide range of clients from small startups to global corporations, helping them bring their brand identities to life. Angela has been featured in notable publications like The New York Times and Forbes, and has been invited to speak at industry events such as the Adobe Creative Jam. As a passionate advocate of the power of design and creativity, Angela is dedicated to inspiring designers to reach their full potential.

Brand Strategist, Design, Creative, Brand Identity, Brand Storytelling, Brand Design.

Claudia Rossetti

Apricot Color

Apricot color is a warm and inviting hue that is often described as a combination of yellow, orange, and pink. This color is commonly used in fashion, home decor, graphic design, and art to evoke feelings of warmth, comfort, and sophistication. It is a versatile color that can be used in a variety of ways, from subtle accents to bold statement pieces. One interesting aspect of apricot color is its association with the fruit from which it takes its name. Apricots are a type of stone fruit that are known for their sweet and tangy flavor, as well as their soft, velvety skin. The color of the apricot fruit ranges from pale yellow to deep orange, depending on the ripeness of the fruit. This connection to nature adds to the appeal of apricot color, as it is seen as a natural and organic hue. Another aspect of apricot color is its use in different cultures and traditions. In Chinese culture, apricot blossoms are a symbol of good luck and prosperity, and the color is often used in traditional clothing and art. In Western culture, apricot color is associated with springtime and the renewal of life, as well as with luxury and sophistication. Overall, apricot color is a versatile and appealing hue that can be used in a variety of ways to create a warm and inviting atmosphere. Whether used as a subtle accent or a bold statement, this color is sure to add a touch of sophistication and elegance to any design.

warm, inviting, versatile, nature, culture

Daniel Wilson

Art, Architecture And Design In Spirituality

Art, architecture, and design have played significant roles in spirituality throughout history. From the earliest cave paintings to the grand cathedrals of Europe, humans have used art to express their spiritual beliefs and connect with the divine. In many cultures, art and architecture are not just decorative but are seen as essential components of religious practice. This is particularly true in the Abrahamic religions, where the design of sacred spaces is believed to have a profound impact on the worshipper's experience. In Christianity, art and architecture have been used to create spaces that inspire awe and reverence. The Gothic cathedrals of Europe, with their soaring arches and intricate stained glass windows, were designed to create a sense of transcendence and to point the worshipper towards the divine. Similarly, the intricate mosaics and frescoes of Orthodox Christianity are intended to create a sense of beauty and holiness that draws the viewer closer to God. In Islam, art and architecture are used to create spaces that reflect the beauty and order of the universe. The intricate geometric patterns and calligraphy found in Islamic art are seen as expressions of the divine, and the design of mosques is intended to create a sense of peace and tranquility that allows the worshipper to connect with God. In Hinduism, art and architecture are used to create spaces that reflect the divine nature of the universe. Temples are often designed to reflect the natural world, with intricate carvings of animals and plants, and are intended to create a sense of harmony and balance that allows the worshipper to connect with the divine. In Buddhism, art and architecture are used to create spaces that reflect the path to enlightenment. Buddhist temples are often designed to create a sense of peace and serenity, with simple lines and minimal decoration that allows the worshipper to focus on their own inner journey. In conclusion, art, architecture, and design have played a significant role in spirituality throughout history. Whether it is the soaring cathedrals of Europe or the simple temples of Buddhism, these spaces are designed to create a sense of awe, beauty, and transcendence that allows the worshipper to connect with the divine.

Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, sacred spaces

William Robinson


An application, commonly referred to as an app, is a computer program designed to perform specific tasks or functions. These tasks can range from simple operations, such as calculating numbers, to complex functions, such as managing a database or controlling a robotic arm. Applications are created to meet the specific needs of users, and they can be installed on a variety of devices, including computers, tablets, smartphones, and even wearable technology. One of the most significant advantages of applications is their ability to provide a user-friendly interface for interacting with technology. Applications can be designed to be intuitive and easy to use, even for individuals who are not tech-savvy. They can also provide access to system resources, such as cameras, microphones, and GPS, allowing for a more immersive and interactive experience. Another critical aspect of applications is their ability to connect with other applications and services. Applications can communicate with each other, allowing for seamless integration and automation of tasks. For example, an email application can be integrated with a calendar application, allowing for automatic scheduling of appointments based on the content of an email. Applications can also be used to access the internet and connect with other users. Social media applications, for example, allow users to connect with friends and family, share photos and videos, and stay up-to-date with current events. E-commerce applications allow users to purchase goods and services online, and banking applications allow users to manage their finances from their mobile devices. Overall, applications have become an essential part of modern technology, providing users with a range of functions and capabilities that were once unimaginable. From productivity tools to entertainment, applications have revolutionized the way we interact with technology and with each other.

computer program, user-friendly interface, system resources, integration, automation, internet, social media, e-commerce, banking, productivity, entertainment

John Hall

Adrian Frutiger

Adrian Frutiger is an internationally renowned typeface designer. His works have been highly praised for their functional and aesthetic qualities, and have been used in a variety of contexts, from books to magazines, newspapers and logos. He is renowned for his perfect balance between form and function, which allows his typefaces to be legible, yet still aesthetically pleasing. His typefaces also feature consistent spacing and structure, as well as a harmonious relationship between individual letterforms and words. His typefaces are widely used, and are highly sought after by professional designers, allowing them to create striking, impactful designs. In addition, Adrian Frutiger is also an influential figure in the design world, with many of his typefaces being featured in design textbooks and exhibitions. He has been honored with a variety of awards, including the prestigious Main Prize of the Type Directors Club and the Gutenberg Prize.

Typography, Graphic Design, Letterforms, Typeface Design, Visual Communication, Fonts.

Claudia Rossetti

Antonio Saura

Antonio Saura was a Spanish artist born in 1930 in Huesca, Spain. He started painting as a child and was educated in Zaragoza, Spain, and Paris, France. He is most renowned for his works in abstract art, which often reflect his deep interest in classical literature and mythology. His most notable works include Orestes (1974), The Family of Antonio Saura (1984), and Francisca and the Humanism (1987). He also experimented with photography, and several of his photographs have been published in books and exhibitions. His artwork has been exhibited in museums and galleries around the world, and he has received a number of awards, including the Velazquez Prize and the International Grand Prix of Art, both in 1987.

Antonio Saura, Spanish artist, abstract art, classical literature, mythology, photography.

Mei Wang


Anthropometrics is the study of measuring the human body and its parts in terms of size, shape, strength and other physical attributes. This is a crucial tool used by designers to measure their prototypes against human scale. It helps them to create ergonomic or user-centric designs that are comfortable and easy to use. Anthropometrics also plays an essential role in collecting data and analyzing it to identify potential improvements in design.

Anthropometrics, ergonomics, body measurement, user-centric design, physical attributes

Emma Bernard

Ayşe Erkmen

Ayşe Erkmen is a renowned Turkish artist whose works explore the relationship between art, culture and nature. Her installations are often large-scale and interactive, creating immersive experiences that bridge the gap between the physical and the spiritual. Her works are characterized by their striking visuals, often incorporating natural elements such as trees, water, and rocks. Erkmen's installations often have a strong underlying political message, and have been used to comment on issues ranging from the refugee crisis to climate change. Her works have been exhibited in numerous countries, including the United States, Germany, the Netherlands, and Poland, as well as in her native Turkey. Erkmen has also been a part of the Istanbul Biennale and the Istanbul Music Biennale. Beyond her installations, Erkmen has also written extensively on the subject of creativity and art. Her writings have inspired generations of designers and creatives, and her work continues to be celebrated throughout the world.

Ayşe Erkmen, Turkish artist, installations, interactive, creativity, art, culture, nature, political, refugee crisis, climate change.

Claudia Rossetti

Artificial Life and Synthetic Biology Design

Artificial Life and Synthetic Biology Design is a field of research which combines computer science, biology and engineering in order to create synthetic biological systems. It involves the creation of computer models and simulations that can be used to generate, design and evolve complex living organisms. This field of research also looks into the possibility of creating artificial organisms with specific characteristics and functions, such as the ability to repair themselves or reproduce.

Artificial Life, Synthetic Biology, Biomimicry, Genetic Engineering, Bioengineering.

Giulia Esposito

Anthon Beeke

Anthon Beeke was a Dutch graphic designer and artist who made a significant impact on the design world during his lifetime. He was known for his experimental approach to design, which often challenged conventional norms and pushed boundaries. Beeke's work was characterized by its boldness, humor, and wit, and he was not afraid to tackle controversial or taboo subjects. Beeke's career spanned several decades, during which he worked on a wide range of projects, including book covers, posters, and corporate identities. He was particularly renowned for his poster designs, which often featured provocative imagery and unconventional typography. His work was heavily influenced by the counterculture of the 1960s and 70s, and he was a key figure in the Dutch underground design movement. In addition to his graphic design work, Beeke was also an accomplished artist in his own right. He created a number of multimedia installations and sculptures, many of which were exhibited in galleries and museums around the world. His work often explored themes of sexuality, identity, and social norms, and he was a vocal advocate for the LGBTQ+ community. Beeke's legacy continues to be felt in the design world today, and his influence can be seen in the work of many contemporary designers. He was a true pioneer in the field of graphic design, and his willingness to take risks and challenge convention helped to shape the discipline into what it is today.

Dutch, graphic designer, experimental, provocative, counterculture

Jeffrey Davis

Alexandre Bertrand

Alexandre Bertrand is a master at creating breathtaking sculptures, often composed of minimalistic shapes and forms. His sculptures are a perfect blend of structure and emotion, exploring the intricate relationship between mathematics and art. His sculptures often explore the beauty and complexity of the natural world, and how it relates to humanity. His works are praised for their innovative use of materials, as well as their ability to capture the essence of nature in an abstract form. He is also known for his research-driven approach to sculpture, making sure that each piece is meticulously crafted and carefully thought out.

Sculpture, Art, French, Minimalism, Geometry

Claudia Rossetti

Andre Parmentier

Andre Parmentier is a renowned French landscape architect widely known for his promotion of French horticulture. He is celebrated for his use of strong geometry and visual composition, creating sublime gardens and parks in France and abroad. Parmentier is also remembered for introducing a new floral palette to French parks, creating memorable designs that blend traditional French style with contemporary elegance. He is credited with the design of public parks and private estates in Paris, Aix-en-Provence and various other regions, including the Tuileries Garden, the Parc des Buttes Chaumont and the gardens of the Villa Ephrussi de Rothschild. Parmentier's designs are characterized by the use of curves, flights of steps, terracing, special frames, and patterned foliage.

Andre Parmentier, Landscape Architecture, French Horticulture, Garden Design, Tuileries Garden, Parc des Buttes Chaumont, Villa Ephrussi de Rothschild

Minh Nguyen

Adrien Tournachon

Adrien Tournachon is a true master of the art of design, having created some of the most impactful and memorable works of art in the modern era. He is renowned for his pioneering use of color and texture, his innovative approach to line, and his ability to evoke powerful emotions through his pieces. His works often explore themes of the environment, its inhabitants and the human experience, and his most acclaimed pieces include ‘The River III’, ‘The Yellow Tree’, and ‘The Memory of a Human Body’. As an artist, Adrien Tournachon is renowned for his creative vision and his ability to use art as a means of conveying powerful messages. He is a source of inspiration for many designers, as his unique aesthetic and skillful technique have earned him worldwide recognition.

Adrien Tournachon, French artist, contemporary, color, texture, line, environment, inhabitants, human experience, River III, Yellow Tree, Memory of a Human Body, creative vision, art, design, inspiration.

Claudia Rossetti

Alejandro Otero

Alejandro Otero is a renowned visionary artist whose work has resonated throughout the world. His paintings, sculptures, and engravings have become iconic reflections of a particular moment in time. Otero was a master of color and composition, creating works that are renowned for their bold use of form and texture. From his iconic ‘Diagonal of May 25’ to his series of ‘Radar sculptures’, Otero's work has been applauded for its ability to bridge the gap between traditional and modern art.

Alejandro Otero, Venezuelan artist, painter, sculptor, engraver, printmaker, teacher, cultural promoter, abstract expressionist, kinetic art, Diagonal of May 25, Radar sculptures

Anna Lombardi


Atrium, as a term, has a long and varied history. Architecturally, the atrium, or 'atrium house', was a common form of housing in Ancient Rome, characterized by an open-air courtyard surrounded by several columns, and a roof. This form of architecture allowed for light and air to enter the space, creating a pleasant atmosphere. The atrium was also a common feature of the great basilicas of Late Antiquity, usually set in the center of the church, with a large open area for gathering and worship. In the Middle Ages, atria were used for both secular and religious purposes, such as for private residences, manorial courts, and monasteries. During the Renaissance, the atrium evolved in style and form, becoming a popular feature of the grand palaces of the nobility. Today, the atrium is still a common feature of many buildings, often used as an entrance hall, or to provide a light-filled space for gathering and leisure activities.

Courtyard, architecture, housing, basilica, Renaissance.

Mark Wilson

Actuator Design

Actuator design is a field of engineering that involves the creation of components and systems that generate motion and control mechanisms. It is a complex process that requires expertise in mechanical design, motion control, and automation. Actuators are used in a wide range of applications, from manufacturing to robotics, and are designed to provide precise force, speed, position, and acceleration control. The design process involves the selection of components based on the required performance parameters, such as power, speed, stroke, torque, force, and acceleration. Designers must also consider environmental factors that may affect the system's performance, as well as the surrounding components. One important aspect of actuator design is the selection of the appropriate technology for the application. For example, hydraulic actuators are often used in heavy-duty applications where high force is required, while electric actuators are preferred for applications that require precise control and accuracy. Another important consideration is the materials used in the design, as they can affect the performance and durability of the actuator. In addition to the technical aspects of actuator design, designers must also consider the aesthetic and ergonomic aspects of the design. Actuators are often used in consumer products, such as appliances and vehicles, where the design must be visually appealing and easy to use. Designers must balance the functional requirements of the actuator with the aesthetic and ergonomic requirements of the product. Overall, actuator design is a complex and multidisciplinary field that requires expertise in mechanical design, motion control, automation, materials science, and aesthetics. The design process involves the selection of components based on performance parameters, consideration of environmental factors, and balancing functional requirements with aesthetic and ergonomic considerations.

engineering, motion control, automation, hydraulic actuators, electric actuators, materials science, aesthetics

Richard Martinez

Ahmet Burak Veyisoglu

Ahmet Burak Veyisoglu is a renowned designer and creative leader whose work has earned him international recognition and awards. His passion for design and dedication to detail is unmatched, and he has a deep understanding of the importance of ergonomics, usability, and emotional engagement when creating products. Ahmet Burak has developed an impressive portfolio of accomplishments, ranging from audio and sound equipment design, to beauty, personal care, and cosmetics product design, to home appliances and robotics, automation and automation design. His commitment to pushing the boundaries of product design and his attention to detail have enabled him to partner with some of the world’s leading brands. He is an inspiration to many aspiring designers, and his work is a testament to his passion for quality design, innovation, and creativity.

Design, Creativity, Visionary, Innovation.

Eleonora Barbieri

Architecture In Tunisia

Tunisia has a long and illustrious history of architectural development and innovation. From the ancient Phoenicians and Romans to the modern day, the country has seen a continuous evolution of architectural styles, materials, and techniques. This evolution has been shaped by a variety of factors, including the country’s geographical position, its long history of cultural exchange, and the technological advancements of the modern era. Throughout Tunisia’s history, the local architecture has been marked by a strong influence from the Mediterranean region and the Arab world, resulting in a unique blend of styles and techniques. In modern times, the development of Tunisia’s architectural landscape has been closely linked to the country’s economic, political, and social development. In particular, the rise of the Islamic State of Tunisia in the late 20th century has had a major impact on the country’s architecture, with a focus on traditional Islamic principles and styles.

Mediterranean, Islamic, Phoenician, Roman, Modern.

Beatrice Marino

Arched Girder

An arched girder is a type of structural element that is used to support bridges, buildings, and other infrastructure. It is characterized by its curved shape, which provides greater stability and strength than a straight girder. Arched girders have been used since ancient times, with some of the most famous examples being the Pont du Gard in France and the Aqueduct of Segovia in Spain. In more modern times, arched girders have been used to support some of the world's most iconic structures, including the Brooklyn Bridge and the Sydney Harbour Bridge. One of the key advantages of arched girders is their ability to span a greater distance than straight girders, allowing for longer and more economic structures. This is because the curved shape of the arched girder distributes the weight of the structure more evenly, reducing the amount of material needed to support it. Additionally, the arched girder is able to withstand torsion, or twisting forces, which makes it particularly useful in seismic regions where earthquakes are a concern. Arched girders are typically made from steel or reinforced concrete, although other materials such as timber and masonry have been used in the past. The design of an arched girder is based on a number of factors, including the weight of the structure it will support, the distance it needs to span, and the environmental conditions it will be exposed to. Engineers use advanced computer modeling and simulation tools to design and test arched girders before they are constructed. Overall, the arched girder is a versatile and reliable structural element that has been used for centuries to support some of the world's most impressive infrastructure. Its curved shape provides superior strength and stability, allowing for longer and more economic structures that can withstand even the most challenging environmental conditions.

arched girder, bridge construction, curved shape, stability, strength, seismic regions, steel, reinforced concrete, computer modeling, infrastructure

Matthew Scott

Aluminum Can Graphics

Aluminum can graphics are an essential component of modern-day packaging design. The graphics on aluminum cans serve several purposes, including product branding, advertising, and decoration. The designs are printed on the can surface using various printing techniques, such as rotogravure printing, flexography, and digital printing. The printing process involves transferring the design onto the aluminum can surface using ink, which is cured using UV light to ensure durability and longevity. One of the primary purposes of aluminum can graphics is to create brand recognition and differentiation. The designs are carefully crafted to reflect the brand's identity and values, making it easy for consumers to identify and choose their preferred products. The graphics also play a crucial role in advertising, as they can be used to communicate product benefits, promotions, and other marketing messages to consumers. Another important aspect of aluminum can graphics is their decorative function. The designs are often eye-catching and visually appealing, making the product stand out on the shelves. The graphics can also be used to create a sense of premiumness, with intricate designs and metallic finishes that convey a sense of luxury and sophistication. In addition to their aesthetic and marketing functions, aluminum can graphics also have practical benefits. The designs can be used to indicate the contents of the can, such as flavor or nutritional information. They can also be used to convey important information, such as recycling instructions or warnings. Overall, aluminum can graphics are a vital component of modern packaging design, serving both aesthetic and functional purposes. The designs are carefully crafted to reflect the brand's identity and values, communicate marketing messages, and create a sense of premiumness. They also have practical benefits, such as indicating the contents of the can and conveying important information.

packaging design, brand recognition, marketing messages, premiumness, practical benefits

Kevin Martinez


The origin and evolution of the word attitude is a fascinating linguistic examination. Dating back to 1525, the term initially appeared as an Anglo-French word based on the Middle French attitude, where it referred to the position or posture of a dancer or actor in a theatrical performance. By 1641, the association with a posture can be found in various sources, with an example outlining a soldier's movements as they shifted into an attitude of defense. By the mid-1700s, the term had taken on new connotations with the suggestion that an attitude embodied a certain manner, demeanor or state of mind. This new meaning of attitude is supported by references to theatrical or figurative postures in media sources, emphasizing how the word had come to be associated with a physical, intellectual and emotional bearing. Today, the word attitude has entered common parlance as a descriptor for behavior, and is used to describe feelings, opinions, and dispositions in a wide range of contexts.

Morphology, Evolution, Historical, Pragmatics, Semantics, Etymology.

Henry Fontaine

Athletic Pants

Athletic pants, also known as sports pants or workout pants, are a type of clothing designed for physical activities such as sports, exercise, and other fitness-related activities. They are typically made from lightweight, breathable, and stretchable materials that allow for ease of movement and comfort during physical activities. Athletic pants come in a variety of styles, including leggings, joggers, sweatpants, and track pants, and are available for both men and women. One of the key features of athletic pants is their ability to wick away sweat and moisture from the body, helping to keep the wearer dry and comfortable during physical activities. Many athletic pants also feature additional design elements such as pockets, zippers, and drawstrings for added convenience and functionality. Some athletic pants are also designed with reflective materials or bright colors to enhance visibility during outdoor activities, particularly at night. Athletic pants are commonly worn during a wide range of physical activities, including running, jogging, weightlifting, yoga, and team sports such as basketball and soccer. They are also often worn as casual wear, particularly in more relaxed work environments or during leisure activities such as hiking or camping. Overall, athletic pants are a versatile and functional type of clothing that provides both comfort and performance benefits for individuals engaging in physical activity.

sports pants, workout pants, physical activities, moisture-wicking, functionality

Brian Robinson

Arnau Bosch Vergés

Arnau Bosch Vergés is an outstanding multidisciplinary creative with a deep understanding of the intersection between design, technology, and the human experience. His work is characterized by a commitment to excellence, creativity, and innovation, leading to successful projects and numerous accolades. He has developed methods to identify user needs and create solutions tailored to those needs, as well as develop methods to make design processes more efficient. His expertise in design thinking, user-centered design, and engineering has enabled him to create effective and successful campaigns for a wide range of international brands. Arnau is always looking for opportunities to collaborate with other talented designers and innovators to push the boundaries of creativity.

Design, Innovation, Technology, User-Centered, Creativity, Multidisciplinary

Eleonora Barbieri

Antonio Saura

Antonio Saura is a renowned artist in the world of art and culture. He is internationally recognised for his striking and powerful works, which often explore themes related to death, suffering, and spirituality. His work has been exhibited in major galleries and museums, and some of his most famous works include The Wind and the Sun, The Labyrinth, and The Burning Wheat. Saura's works are distinguished by their intense colour and texture, often depicting figures in a state of anguish and pain. Saura's works demonstrate a profound understanding of the human condition and have been highly praised by critics and art enthusiasts alike.

Antonio Saura, art, culture, painting, sculpture, installations.

Anna Lombardi

Andrew Hyde

Andrew Hyde is an artist who is both creative and innovative in his work. He takes a unique approach to creating his pieces by combining traditional and contemporary techniques to create meaningful art. His vibrant use of color, bold lines, and intricate details draw the viewer in and create a captivating experience. He has a wide range of subject matter from abstracts to nature scenes, and his works have been featured in collections around the world. Notable works include “Rise Above,” “The Great Wave,” and “Calm Before the Storm.” Hyde also uses his art to explore societal themes and communicate messages in an artistic way. His art is thought-provoking and encourages the viewer to contemplate the world around them. His thought-provoking and unique pieces have earned him numerous awards and recognition.

Andrew Hyde, art, painting, artwork, artist.

Claudia Rossetti

Antonio Berni

Antonio Berni was an Argentine artist who made a major contribution to the development of modern art in Latin America. His experimental approach to art and his use of collage and assemblage techniques to create socially engaged works was innovative and distinctive. His most famous works include Juanito and Ramona, a series of paintings in which he depicted the plight of the working class in Buenos Aires, and Navarro Viola, a multimedia installation that explored Latin American identity. He is considered to be one of the most influential artists in Latin American history.

Antonio Berni, Argentine artist, modern art, Latin America, collage, assemblage, Juanito and Ramona, Navarro Viola, multimedia installation, socially engaged works

Anna Lombardi


Airbrush is a versatile and cost-effective tool used by designers, illustrators, and other artists to create gradients, shading, and intricate details. It is a form of painting that uses compressed air to atomize and direct paint, dye, ink, or other medium onto a surface. Airbrush can be used to create a wide range of artwork, from traditional oil paintings and watercolor illustrations, to large-scale graffiti murals and contemporary digital creations. Airbrush can also be used to create special effects, such as fading, highlighting, and blending, which are difficult to achieve using other methods. The airbrush technique is used in a variety of industries, including automotive, cosmetics, and textile design.

Airbrushing, Spray Painting, Artwork, Design, Canvas, Air Compressors.

Eleonora Barbieri

Aerospace Design

Aerospace Design is a complex and multifaceted field which requires a deep understanding of engineering principles, technologies, and materials. Aerospace Designers must take into account a wide range of factors when developing air and space vehicles, such as aerodynamics, propulsion, structures, materials, and control systems. This requires a unique blend of creative and analytical thinking, as well as a great deal of technical knowledge. Additionally, the development process must be conducted with a focus on safety, reliability, and cost-effectiveness. As such, Aerospace Designers must be highly skilled, creative problem-solvers who are able to think outside the box when it comes to vehicle design and development.

Aerospace, Aircraft, Spacecraft, Propulsion, Structures, Materials, Design, Engineering, Safety, Reliability, Cost-Effectiveness.

Claudia Rossetti

Alexander Ivan Kozloff

Alexander Ivan Kozloff is an acclaimed American artist whose works have drawn favorable comparison to renowned abstract expressionists. His paintings are known for their vibrant and dynamic use of color, composition, and texture. His works are praised for their ability to capture both emotional and technical aspects of art, creating a unique and captivating visual experience. His artwork has been showcased in numerous solo exhibitions, including those at the Tacoma Art Museum, The Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art and the Valenzuela Centro de Arte Contemporáneo. His artwork was recently featured in the monograph A Realm of Color: The Art of Alexander Ivan Kozloff, which includes interviews and essays from renowned scholars. His most well-known works include “The Plum Tree,” “Chromatic Abstraction,” and “The Soul of the Forest.”

Alexander Ivan Kozloff, abstract painting, abstract expressionism, vibrant colors, dynamic textures.

Eleonora Barbieri

Artisan Cheese Design

Artisan Cheese Design is a type of design that focuses on the creation of unique, high-quality cheeses using natural ingredients and traditional production methods. The process involves the selection of raw ingredients, the controlled fermentation process, and the maturation process that ultimately leads to the creation of a unique and distinctive cheese. This form of design is highly creative, requiring the Designer to take into consideration the flavor, texture, and aroma of the finished product. Different processes, such as aging, can be employed to further enhance the flavors and texture of the cheese. Artisan Cheese Design also includes the decorative and aesthetic elements of the finished product, such as presentation, labeling, and packaging that further enhances the consumer experience.

Cheesemaking, Fermentation, Aging, Aesthetics.

James Rothschild

About the Design+Encyclopedia
The free encyclopedia on good design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation.

Design+Encyclopedia is a free online encyclopedia, pioneering freedom of speech and freedom of expression in arts, design, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation, written and maintained by a community of design professionals, architects, artists, creators, innovators and engineers. In Design+Encyclopedia, every individual contribution is cherished, differentiated opinions and distinct ideas are respected and attributed. Anyone can edit and contribute to the Design+Encyclopedia. Become a contributor now and help us expand existing definitions with your own. The Design+Encyclopedia is open to all objective facts as well as highly subjective ideas, opinions and perspectives on everything related to design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation. Create a free account now to join our community. We have 174.439 Topics and 417.205 Entries and we are looking forward to publish your entries today.