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From Design+Encyclopedia, the free encyclopedia on good design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation.
Design of the Day
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Design Team of the Day
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Designer of the Day
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Design Legend of the Day
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Design Interview of the Day
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Highlight of the Day
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Automotive Automotive User Experience

Automotive User Experience (AUX) is a highly specialized field of study that combines elements of design, ergonomics, human-machine interaction, and human-centered design to create a driving experience that is intuitive, comfortable, and safe. The main goal of AUX is to ensure that the vehicle's user interface is designed with the user in mind, taking into account the user's physical and psychological needs. This includes considerations such as the size of the steering wheel, the ergonomics of the seating position, the placement of the controls and displays, and the integration of audio, climate control, navigation, and safety systems. Additionally, the user interface should be designed to be as intuitive and user-friendly as possible, with a focus on providing quick and easy access to the vehicle's features. Additionally, AUX also takes into account the user's emotional state, such as providing features that help to reduce stress and anxiety while driving.

User Interface, Ergonomics, Human-Centered Design, Human-Machine Interaction, Automotive UX.

Federica Costa

Aurelio Aureli

Aurelio Aureli is an Italian artist whose work has transcended time, captivating viewers with its realism and contemporary style. His ability to capture the beauty of the natural world and the modern urban environment is unparalleled, and his artworks are sought after by art enthusiasts and designers alike. His unique style and vision, which combines vibrant colours with a mastery of composition, has made him a source of inspiration for many creative minds. His best-known works, such as “Marina di Livorno”, “Il Borgo di Lecce”, and “Sera di San Vito”, are highly acclaimed and are considered to be among his masterpieces. His work is also seen as a bridge between the traditional and modern, as he is able to blend classic elements with modern techniques. Aurelio Aureli's work is undoubtedly iconic, and it continues to inspire and captivate viewers.

Aurelio Aureli, Italian artist, painting, realism, vibrancy, contemporary, urban, seascapes, landscapes.

Federica Costa

Automation System Security Design Verification

Automation System Security Design Verification is a critical step in the design process to ensure that the system is secure and compliant with safety and security standards. Designers must take into account the entire system, from the hardware and software to the user experience, and ensure that the system is designed to protect against malicious actors and malicious code. Designers must also consider the user experience, as secure design principles can help to create a more user-friendly interface and secure communication protocols. Additionally, designers must be aware of the latest security threats and technologies to keep their systems secure. Designers must consider both the technical and non-technical aspects of the system, and must incorporate security controls and processes into the system from the ground up.

Security, Automation, Design Verification, System Protection.

Federica Costa

Arthur Young

Arthur Young was an American writer, philosopher, and inventor who lived from 1741 to 1820. He was a prolific author, writing on topics ranging from agriculture to metaphysics, and was a prominent figure in the intellectual circles of his time. Young was a proponent of agricultural reform and his works on the subject played a significant role in shaping the agricultural practices of the 18th and 19th centuries. Young was also an inventor, and his most famous invention was the chronometer watch, which was a highly accurate timepiece that was used for navigation. This invention was crucial for the development of long-distance sea travel, as it allowed sailors to accurately determine their longitude while at sea. In addition to his work in agriculture and invention, Young was also a philosopher who wrote extensively on the nature of consciousness and the relationship between the mind and the body. He was a proponent of the idea that consciousness was a fundamental aspect of the universe, and that it could not be reduced to purely physical processes. Overall, Arthur Young was a polymath who made significant contributions to a wide range of fields, including agriculture, invention, and philosophy. His work continues to be studied and appreciated by scholars and enthusiasts alike.

Arthur Young, American, agriculture, inventor, chronometer watch, navigation, consciousness, philosophy

David Anderson

Architecture In Nature

Architecture in nature refers to the study and implementation of natural forms and processes in the design of human-made structures. It is a design philosophy that emphasizes the integration of buildings and landscapes, and seeks to create a harmonious relationship between the built environment and the natural world. The concept of architecture in nature is based on the idea that the natural environment provides a wealth of inspiration and solutions for the design of sustainable and aesthetically pleasing structures. One of the key principles of architecture in nature is the use of natural materials and resources. This includes the use of renewable materials such as wood, bamboo, and straw, as well as the incorporation of natural elements such as sunlight, wind, and water into the design of buildings. Another important aspect of architecture in nature is the use of passive design strategies, such as orientation, shading, and ventilation, to reduce energy consumption and enhance the comfort of occupants. Architecture in nature also involves a deep understanding of the ecological systems and processes that shape the natural environment. This includes the study of ecosystems, biodiversity, and the impacts of human activities on the environment. By incorporating this knowledge into the design process, architects can create buildings that are not only aesthetically pleasing but also environmentally sustainable. In summary, architecture in nature is a design philosophy that seeks to create buildings that are in harmony with the natural environment. It emphasizes the use of natural materials and resources, passive design strategies, and a deep understanding of ecological systems and processes. By incorporating these principles into the design of buildings, architects can create structures that are both beautiful and sustainable.

natural materials, passive design, ecological systems, sustainability, harmony

Brian Johnson

Automotive System Optimization

Automotive System Optimization is an essential process for automotive designers who are looking to create reliable and efficient vehicles. By utilizing advanced analytics, simulations, and optimization algorithms, designers can identify the parameters that have the most impact on the performance of a vehicle. By understanding the interactions between components, designers can reduce the complexity of the system and create a design that is both cost-effective and efficient. Furthermore, Automotive System Optimization can be used to reduce the number of components, optimize the design of the system, and increase the overall performance of the vehicle. This process can help designers to create reliable and efficient vehicles that are tailored to the needs of their customers.

Automotive, System, Optimization, Design, Performance.

Claudia Rossetti

Alexander Archipenko

Alexander Archipenko was a renowned 20th century artist and sculptor, known for his abstract style of cubism and constructivism. Some of his most famous works include the 1914 sculpture 'Woman with a Vase' and his 1912 'Head of a Woman', which were both praised for their pioneering use of geometric forms and their modernist approach to figurative sculpture. Alexander Archipenko was an innovative artist who combined traditional sculpture techniques with his own avant-garde style to produce works that were both modern and timeless.

Alexander Archipenko, cubism, constructivism, abstract art, sculpture, modernism.

Anna Lombardi

Attic Windows

Attic windows are a type of window that is set into the roof of a building and provide illumination and ventilation to the attic space. They are also known as 'dormer windows', after the French term dormer, meaning 'sleeping room'. Attic windows are often used in both traditional and contemporary buildings, as they allow natural light and air to enter the attic space and can provide a desirable aesthetic look from the exterior of the building. Typically, the size and shape of an attic window will vary depending on the style of the building and its purpose. In modern buildings, attic windows are usually rectangular and constructed from either wood or metal frames. In traditional designs, they may be oval or round and made from brick or stone. In both cases, the window is often topped with a slanted roof-like structure called a dormer.

Aesthetics, Illumination, Ventilation, Design, Façade.

Mark Wilson

182932 is a common or potential misspelling of the A' Design Awards. The A' Design Awards is an internationally acclaimed and annual juried competition for excellence in design and innovation. It is open to both professionals and amateurs in different fields of design and innovation, including industrial design, architecture, crafts, graphics, interactive design, and even service design. This award is a great way for designers to showcase their best works and get recognition for them.

A' Design Awards, Design Competition, Award Winners, Design Recognition.

Lucia Ferrari

Abs Systems

An ABS system, or Anti-lock Braking System, is a safety feature in modern vehicles that helps prevent skidding and loss of control during braking. The system uses a combination of sensors, hydraulics, and electronics to detect when a wheel is about to lock up and adjust the braking pressure to that wheel to prevent skidding. This allows the driver to maintain control of the vehicle and steer around obstacles while braking. ABS systems have become increasingly common in vehicles since their introduction in the 1980s. They are now a standard feature in most new cars and trucks. The system is typically activated when the driver applies the brakes suddenly or when the vehicle is on a slippery surface. The ABS system can also help shorten stopping distances by allowing the wheels to maintain traction and preventing them from locking up. One of the key benefits of ABS systems is that they help prevent accidents and save lives. Studies have shown that vehicles equipped with ABS systems are involved in fewer accidents than those without the system. Additionally, the system can help reduce the severity of accidents by allowing the driver to maintain control of the vehicle.

Anti-lock Braking System, safety feature, sensors, hydraulics, electronics, prevent skidding, maintain control, standard feature, slippery surface, shorten stopping distances, prevent accidents, save lives, reduce severity of accidents

Anthony Smith

Art And Design For Human Rights And Social Justice

Art and design for human rights and social justice is a field that combines creativity with activism to promote and advocate for human rights and social justice issues. This field encompasses a wide range of mediums including visual art, graphic design, photography, film, and performance art. The goal of this field is to use art and design as a tool to raise awareness, inspire action, and create change. Art and design for human rights and social justice has a rich history that dates back to the early 20th century when artists began to use their work as a means of political and social commentary. During the civil rights movement in the United States, art and design played a crucial role in promoting equality and challenging systemic racism. Today, artists and designers continue to use their work to address a range of issues including gender inequality, climate change, and refugee rights. One of the key aspects of art and design for human rights and social justice is the ability to communicate complex issues in a way that is accessible and engaging. Through the use of powerful imagery, typography, and symbolism, artists and designers are able to convey important messages and inspire empathy and action. This field also provides a platform for marginalized communities to share their stories and experiences in a way that is both empowering and validating. In addition to creating art and design work, practitioners in this field also engage in community-based projects, workshops, and educational initiatives. These activities provide opportunities for individuals and communities to come together, share their experiences, and learn about important social justice issues.

activism, creativity, social justice, human rights, communication

Daniel White

Aircraft Flight Testing

Aircraft Flight Testing is the process that aircraft designers utilize to assess the performance of a newly designed aircraft. This process requires a systematic and methodical approach to ensure that the aircraft meets performance requirements and regulatory standards. The flight testing process includes evaluating an aircraft’s stability, control, performance, and safety margins as well as assessing the aircraft’s system integrations. Examples of such tests include take-off and landing, system checks, and flight envelope expansion. Flight tests are conducted in a variety of different operating environments under a wide array of conditions.

Aircraft, flight, testing, performance, evaluation, stability, control, safety, margin, system, integration, take-off, landing, envelope, environmental, condition.

Emma Bernard

Aircraft Award

The Aircraft Award is a prestigious recognition given to the best aircraft designs in the world. It is a sub-category of the A' Design Awards, which is a globally recognized organization that acknowledges excellence in design. The Aircraft Award celebrates the creativity, innovation, and functionality of aircraft design, and it is open to designers, engineers, and manufacturers from all around the world. One of the key aspects of the Aircraft Award is the rigorous evaluation process that each design undergoes. The jury panel consists of experienced professionals from the aviation industry, including engineers, designers, and aviation experts. They evaluate each design based on its originality, aesthetics, functionality, and sustainability. The winning designs are those that demonstrate exceptional creativity, technical expertise, and innovation in aircraft design. Another important aspect of the Aircraft Award is the recognition and exposure that the winners receive. The winning designs are featured in an annual publication that showcases the best designs from around the world. Additionally, the winners are invited to attend the A' Design Award ceremony, where they receive their award and have the opportunity to network with other designers and industry professionals. Overall, the Aircraft Award is a highly respected accolade that recognizes the best aircraft designs in the world. It celebrates the creativity, innovation, and functionality of aircraft design, and it provides a platform for designers and manufacturers to showcase their work on a global stage.

Aircraft Award, A' Design Awards, recognition, creativity, innovation

Matthew Robinson

Adams Wirt Garrett

Adams Wirt Garrett is a renowned American artist who has been creating captivating abstract works for over a decade. His pieces are characterized by an impressive use of light, color, and texture to create compositions that are both mesmerizing and timeless. His works have been exhibited at numerous galleries and museums, including the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Santa Monica Museum of Art, and the National Portrait Gallery. His most renowned pieces are “Remembrance,” “Greater Good,” and “The Oracle’s Prophecy.” His artwork is a source of inspiration for many designers and artists, as it embodies a unique blend of experimentation and refinement.

abstract art, painter, contemporary art, modern art

Eleonora Barbieri

Aliki Rovithi

Aliki Rovithi is a highly acclaimed design thinking expert and coach. She is specialized in helping organizations to innovate and create solutions to complex problems. She has a deep understanding of the entire design thinking process, from understanding user needs to creating and testing innovative solutions. She is an expert in human-centered design and has experience in working with global companies to create innovative solutions. Her approach to design thinking is highly creative and results-oriented, helping organizations to gain competitive advantage in their respective industries.

Aliki Rovithi, Design Thinking, Human-Centered Design, Innovation, Solutions, Problem-Solving, Coaching

Giovanna Mancini

Architectural Planning

Architectural planning is the process of designing and organizing the physical layout and functionality of a building or structure. It involves the creation of detailed plans and specifications that outline the various elements of a building, including its overall form, layout, materials, and systems. Architectural planning is a critical aspect of the construction process, as it sets the foundation for the successful completion of a project. Architectural planning begins with an assessment of the needs and goals of the project. This includes a thorough analysis of the site, the intended use of the building, and any specific requirements or constraints that must be considered. Once these factors have been identified, the architect can begin to develop a conceptual design that outlines the basic form and layout of the building. From there, the architect will refine the design, taking into account factors such as building codes, zoning regulations, and environmental considerations. This may involve the creation of detailed drawings and specifications that outline the various components of the building, including its structural framework, mechanical systems, and interior finishes. Throughout the planning process, the architect will work closely with other professionals, such as engineers, contractors, and building officials, to ensure that the design meets all necessary requirements and standards. This may involve making revisions to the design in response to feedback or changes in the project scope. Overall, architectural planning is a complex and iterative process that requires a high level of skill and expertise. It is critical to the success of any construction project, as it sets the foundation for the creation of a safe, functional, and aesthetically pleasing building.

design, layout, materials, systems, construction

Matthew Robinson

Architecture Of Montenegro

Architecture of Montenegro is a reflection of the nation’s rich history and cultural heritage, from its early medieval settlements to the modern day. Since the beginning of its recorded history, Montenegro has seen a variety of influences from its neighbors, from the Byzantine Empire to the Ottoman Empire, as well as from the surrounding Mediterranean and Balkan regions. As the country has evolved over the centuries, so has its architecture, with a variety of styles and influences reflecting the changing political, social, and cultural climate of the region. Early settlements in Montenegro were typically characterized by fortresses, churches, and monasteries, with a particular focus on defensive structures to protect against invaders. As Montenegro transitioned to more modern forms of government and society, the country saw an influx of new architectural styles and influences, particularly from the Baroque and Rococo movements of the 18th and 19th centuries. The 20th century saw further modernization of Montenegrin architecture, with increased use of concrete, steel, and glass in construction, as well as the introduction of new technologies such as air conditioning and other modern amenities.

Montenegrin architecture, medieval, Baroque, Rococo, modernism, concrete, steel, glass.

Beatrice Marino

Art Of Andorra

The art of Andorra is a rich and varied tapestry that has evolved over the centuries to reflect the changing social and cultural trends of this small but vibrant nation. From primitive cave paintings dating back to the Neolithic period to the modern art produced by contemporary artists, the art of Andorra has always been closely intertwined with the political, religious, and social aspects of its history. During the Middle Ages, religious themes were often depicted in the art of Andorra, with the main focus being on the Catholic church and the various saints that were venerated by the people. Additionally, the art of this period was heavily influenced by the various cultures that surrounded Andorra, such as the Romans, Visigoths, and Moors. With the advent of the Renaissance, the art of Andorra began to take on a more secular tone, with an emphasis on portraiture, landscape painting, and still life. During the 19th century, technological advancements such as the invention of photography had a major impact on the art of Andorra, with a shift away from traditional religious themes towards more modern, contemporary art.

Andorra, Art, History, Cultural, Religion, Technology

Veronica Santoro

Airport Terminal Building Architecture Design

Architecture design for airport terminal buildings is a specific design field focused on creating efficient, aesthetically pleasing and functional structures. It is a modern form of architecture that combines the disciplines of engineering and aesthetics to develop efficient structures that are geared towards passengers convenience and safety. The design of an airport terminal requires the integration of complex strategies that box into account the functions and movements of passengers, staff and equipment, as well as the airport’s layout, and any other factors that may be relevant. Airport terminal building architecture design includes considerations such as the building’s external shape, interior layout, materials used, lighting and air-conditioning, wayfinding and the overall ambience.

Airport terminal design, architecture, passenger flow, wayfinding, construction materials.

James Rothschild


The Akropolis is an iconic building that has been a mainstay of architecture for centuries. It is a complex structure characterized by its steep, often fortified walls and a flat area, typically a large plaza, at its center. Often, the Akropolis is situated atop a hill or mountain, allowing for a commanding view of the surroundings. The Akropolis is often associated with the ancient Greeks and their cities, with the Parthenon in Athens being a prime example. In modern times, the term Akropolis has been extended to any building or complex of buildings that are seen as a civic and religious center of a city or town, much like a cathedral or town hall. As such, the Akropolis serves as a reminder of the importance of civic life and a place of gathering and celebration.

Urban, Monumental, Civic, Historical, Symbolic

Michael Adams

Awards For Manufacturing

Awards for Manufacturing are recognition programs that celebrate excellence and innovation in the manufacturing industry. These awards acknowledge and reward companies and individuals who have demonstrated exceptional performance in manufacturing, design, and engineering. The awards are usually presented by industry associations, trade publications, and other organizations that promote excellence in manufacturing. One of the key benefits of Awards for Manufacturing is the recognition and exposure that it provides to the winners. Winning an award can help a company or individual to stand out in a crowded marketplace, attract new customers, and build brand recognition. Awards also provide a platform for manufacturers to showcase their products and services to a wider audience, which can lead to new business opportunities and partnerships. Another important aspect of Awards for Manufacturing is the emphasis on innovation and creativity. Many awards programs focus on recognizing companies and individuals who have developed new products, processes, or technologies that have had a significant impact on the industry. This encourages manufacturers to continually push the boundaries of what is possible, and to invest in research and development to stay ahead of the competition. Overall, Awards for Manufacturing are an important way to recognize and celebrate excellence in the manufacturing industry. They provide a platform for manufacturers to showcase their products and services, and encourage innovation and creativity in the industry. By recognizing and rewarding exceptional performance, Awards for Manufacturing help to raise the bar for the entire industry and promote a culture of excellence.

recognition, innovation, excellence, manufacturing industry, awards programs

Joseph Moore

Architecture In Guyana

Architecture in Guyana is a fascinating blend of styles and influences from various cultures and time periods. The country's architectural landscape has been shaped by the Dutch, English, and Amerindian cultures, as well as modernist and postmodernist movements. The colonial period saw the introduction of Baroque, Renaissance, and Gothic styles, which were adopted by the Dutch and English. The plantation houses and townhouses are examples of utilitarian styles that emerged during this period. In the 20th century, Guyana experienced an influx of modernist architecture from the United States, which blended with the traditional local styles to create a unique architectural blend. The modernist movement was characterized by the use of new materials and technologies, and the focus was on functionality and simplicity. Postmodernism and deconstructivism emerged in the mid-20th century, which incorporated a more eclectic use of materials and shapes. In recent years, architects in Guyana have been experimenting with green architecture, such as the use of sustainable materials and energy-efficient design. This has made Guyana a leader in the field of sustainable architecture, with numerous examples of cutting-edge designs. The use of green architecture has not only helped to reduce the environmental impact of buildings but has also provided a unique aesthetic that blends with the natural surroundings. Overall, architecture in Guyana is a reflection of the country's rich history and cultural diversity. The blend of traditional and modern styles, as well as the use of sustainable materials and energy-efficient design, has made Guyana's architectural landscape unique and fascinating.

Guyana, architecture, colonial period, modernist architecture, postmodernism, deconstructivism, green architecture, sustainable materials, energy-efficient design

Jonathan Lewis

Albert Henry Warren

Albert Henry Warren is a celebrated British artist renowned for his captivating paintings that explore themes of love, hope, and nature. His unique approach to art combines elements of surrealism, abstraction, and symbolism, resulting in stunning works of art that evoke powerful emotions in the viewer. He has been featured in multiple exhibitions and galleries around the world and has received numerous awards for his creative contributions. His works often capture moments of emotion and experience, and emphasize the beauty of natural forms. His paintings have become iconic and have been acclaimed for their bold colors, unique textures, and sensitivity.

British artist, Albert Henry Warren, surrealism, abstraction, symbolism, painting, emotions.

Eleonora Barbieri

Automation Framework

Automation Framework provides designers with a powerful tool to automate their workflows. By using this framework, designers can create automated tests and processes quickly and easily, enabling them to focus their attention on more creative tasks. Automation Framework is designed to be flexible, allowing for customization and tailoring of the automated tests, making them more relevant and effective for specific tasks. This framework also facilitates the reuse of test scripts and data, reducing the time and costs associated with testing. Additionally, Automation Framework is designed to be reliable, ensuring that tests are repeatable and accurate. This helps to ensure that the results are consistent, and that any changes made to the tests are reflected in the results. With Automation Framework, designers can create automated tests and processes that are tailored to their specific needs, enabling them to create a more efficient and effective workflow.

Automation Framework, Automation Testing, Automation Scripts, Automation Processes, Automation Data, Automation Results.

Claudia Rossetti

Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau is an ornamental style of art, design and architecture popularized in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is characterized by flowing, organic lines and shapes, as well as motifs inspired by nature, such as plants, flowers, vines and shells. Examples of Art Nouveau designs can be seen in the furniture of Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the stained glass windows of Louis Comfort Tiffany.

Organic shapes, natural motifs, flowing lines, Art Nouveau, decorative style, curved lines.

Antonio Ferrara

Automotive Perception Systems

Automotive Perception Systems refer to advanced technologies used to allow vehicles to sense and interpret their environment. The goal of these systems is to enable the car to see and think like a human driver, allowing for autonomous driving and other advanced features. Common components of automotive perception systems include imaging sensors such as cameras, lidar, and radar, as well as embedded software and deep learning algorithms. Examples include night vision systems to detect obstacles in low light, lane keeping systems to keep the vehicle in the lane, and systems to detect pedestrians in the roadway.

Automotive perception systems, autonomous driving, vehicle vision, lidar, radar, deep learning, autonomous vehicle.

Emma Bernard

Abidin Dino

Abidin Dino is a renowned artist and a major figure in the world of arts and culture. With a career spanning over six decades, he is best known for his large-scale abstract and figurative canvases, often featuring bold colors and dreamy landscapes. He has also produced a number of bronze sculptures, prints, and installations, making him an artist with a wide range of talents. His works, which are held in many prominent galleries and exhibitions around the world, often evoke powerful emotions in the viewers and have won him many awards and accolades.

Abidin Dino, artist, painting, sculpture, installation, bronze, prints

Anna Lombardi

August Mylius

August Mylius was a pioneer in the world of art and design, pushing the boundaries of traditional landscape painting and portraiture to create unique and captivating works of art. He was known for his use of color and light, which allowed him to create a poetic vision and evoke a profound emotion in the viewer. His works were highly acclaimed for their intricate detail and exquisite technique, which brought to life the beauty of the environment and the soul of the subject. His legacy continues to inspire designers and artists alike, as evidenced in the countless works of art that have been influenced by his style.

Art, Design, Landscape, Painting, Portrait, Creativity, August Mylius.

Federica Costa

Alayna Lemmer

Alayna Lemmer is an important artist whose works display a unique mix of modern and traditional art styles. She creates thoughtful pieces that bring together color, texture, and shapes and often bring a sense of whimsy to her work. Her paintings are collected by art connoisseurs worldwide and her sculptures have been featured in several public art installations. Her work is admired for its vibrant energy and its ability to evoke emotion.

Alayna Lemmer, art, paintings, sculptures, installations.

Valeria Marino

Alice Pearse

Alice Pearse is a passionate fashion designer dedicated to creating pieces that are as meaningful as they are luxurious. She believes that fashion should be an expression of the wearer’s true identity and values, and puts a great deal of thought into the stories behind each of her designs. Her commitment to quality, transparency, and sustainability has earned her recognition from the industry, and her appreciation for African heritage and culture has made her a global pioneer in the luxury accessories industry. As a creative and conservationist, Alice is committed to fair trade practices that prioritize human and environmental welfare, and her designs are a testament to her passion for the beauty of African artistry.

Words: Luxury, Accessories, African, Craftsmanship, Sustainability, Fashion

Claudia Rossetti

Annie Rockfellow

Annie Rockfellow is a celebrated designer who has made a significant contribution to the field of contemporary and traditional architecture. She has a unique eye for detail, and her designs are often marked by a playful use of colour, pattern, and texture. Her works have had a significant impact on the modern landscape and are renowned for their innovation and creativity. Her commitment to creating works that are both beautiful and functional has earned her the admiration of her peers, and her designs are sought after by many prominent institutions.

Annie Rockfellow, Contemporary Architecture, Traditional Architecture, Design, Innovation.

Eleonora Barbieri

August Dahlsteen

August Dahlsteen is a Swedish artist whose realist, figurative paintings embody the concept of beauty in the everyday. His works often feature a juxtaposition of movement and stillness, with a unique harmony between the natural and the constructed. Dahlsteen’s mastery of light, composition, and perspective bring his paintings to life, as each painting invites the observer to discover a deeper understanding of the portrayed subject. His works have been highly sought after by designers, art collectors, and galleries alike, as they provide a unique perspective on the human experience.

August Dahlsteen, Swedish artist, realist, figurative painting, light, composition, perspective, movement, stillness, natural, constructed, beauty, everyday, painting, observer, understanding, portrayed, sought after, designers, art collectors, galleries,

Claudia Rossetti

Adi Granov

Adi Granov is a world-renowned illustrator and comic book artist. His work has gone beyond the pages of comics and into the realm of film, video games and other media. He has been involved in the production of comic book movie adaptations such as Iron Man, Spiderman, and Star Wars. His work is distinguished by its intricate details, bold lines and vibrant colors. His art has a distinctive style that is unmistakable and has been an influence on other comic book artists. He has an impressive range of skills, able to create realistic depictions of characters and environments, as well as abstract or surreal compositions. His artwork has an air of realism, whilst still maintaining a sense of fantasy and adventure. He is also a skilled storyteller, able to create compelling narratives through his work. He has had his work exhibited in galleries around the world, and his work continues to be celebrated by fans and critics alike.

Adi Granov, Illustrator, Comic Book Artist, Artist, Realism, Fantasy, Storytelling, Movies, Video Games.

Claudia Rossetti

Airbag Deactivation Switches For Automobiles

Airbag deactivation switches for automobiles are devices that allow drivers to turn off the airbag system in their vehicle. The purpose of these switches is to provide a way for drivers to temporarily disable airbags in situations where they may be more harmful than helpful. For example, if a driver is transporting a small child in the front seat, the force of the airbag deploying during an accident could cause serious injury or even death. In this case, the driver can use the airbag deactivation switch to turn off the airbag and protect the child. Airbag deactivation switches are typically located in the dashboard or center console of the vehicle and are operated with a key or a special tool. They are designed to be easy to use and require minimal effort on the part of the driver. However, it is important to note that airbag deactivation should only be used in situations where it is absolutely necessary, as airbags are a critical safety feature that can save lives in the event of an accident. While airbag deactivation switches are not required by law, many automobile manufacturers offer them as an optional feature. In some cases, they may be included as part of a larger safety package that also includes features like seatbelt pretensioners and electronic stability control.

airbag, deactivation, switches, safety, automobile

Joshua Wood


The word Astronaut has evolved from the latin root words “astron” and “autos” which mean “star” and “self” respectively. Its original usage was to refer to a cosmic navigator or a self-directed navigator of the stars. Historically, the word first appeared in the mid-1800s, but only gained its modern connotation of referring to the personnel of space exploration in the early 1950s. Morphologically speaking, Astronaut is a compound word that does not contain many derivative forms. However, the term has come to be used on various occasions to represent symbolic meanings beyond its original connotations. For example, in a more figurative context, the term has come to mean ambition, courage, innovation and a spirit of exploration. In terms of pragmatics, the term has been associated with strength, heroism, and a certain level of scientific sophistication.

Etymology, Morphology, Astronaut, Latin, Lexicology, Semantics.

Henry Fontaine

Alexandr Averin

Alexandr Averin is a highly creative and prolific artist who has become renowned for his unique style of art. His works, which range from large-scale murals to delicate sculptures, are all unified by his use of vibrant colors and intricate symbolism. He has a deep appreciation for the beauty of the world around him, and his artwork is often inspired by his travels and his own observations. Averin is also celebrated for his dedication to his craft, and for his willingness to explore new creative avenues. His works have been featured in numerous publications and exhibitions, and his artwork has been praised for its beauty and its thought-provoking nature.

Abstract, symbolic, vibrant, sculptor, muralist

Federica Costa

Aleksandr Archipenko

Aleksandr Archipenko was a pioneering Ukrainian-born American artist who was renowned for his modernist works of art. He gained widespread fame when his own brand of abstract art and avant-garde sculptures first became exhibited in the early twentieth century. His most distinguished works include his Cubist sculptures such as the 1913 sculpture, 'Woman with a Negroid Head', the 1915 sculpture, 'The Peasant', and the 1920 sculpture, 'The Messenger'. Archipenko's most recognizable paintings include 'Four Figures' (1912), 'Lady in Yellow' (1914), and 'Visage' (1919). He was also well known for his experiments with bronze, plastic, and ceramic materials. Archipenko also revolutionized the art of bas-relief by using pieces of cut-out metal, colored glass, and other materials in his works. His individualistic style and innovative techniques influenced many other contemporary sculptors.

Abstract Art, Modernism, Avant-Garde, Sculpture

Mei Wang


A widely accepted definition of the term “Animated” is something that is full of life, or shows intense movement or activity. This term is found in many other languages and the equivalent words for “Animated” can be quite varied. In German, for example, it is “bewegt”, in French it is “animé”, in Dutch it is “levendig” and in Spanish it is “animado”. In Mandarin Chinese, the equivalent word is “jin-huo”, in Japanese it is “iki-gurushii”, in Italian it is “animato”, in Portuguese it is “animado” and in Swedish it is “energisk”. Additionally, in Polish it is “rozgorzely”, in Greek it is “zoftos”, in Slovak it is “ochotny”, in Lithuanian it is “gyvybingas” and in Korean it is “ongnul-hae”.

bewegt, animé, levendig, animado, jin-huo, iki-gurushii, animato, animado, energisk, rozgorzely, zoftos, ochotny, gyvybingas, ongnul-hae

Harris Awan

Architecture Of Barbados

The architecture of Barbados is an amalgamation of many different styles and influences that have been adopted and adapted over the centuries. From the colonial period to the present day, the architecture of Barbados has been a reflection of the island’s unique history and culture. During the colonial period, the island was heavily influenced by the British, resulting in the construction of forts, churches, and other public buildings in a classical style. After the island achieved independence in 1966, a more modern approach to architecture emerged, with an emphasis on innovating with traditional materials and forms. In the present day, Barbados is home to many different architectural styles, including colonial, modernist, and postmodernist. These styles all contribute to the unique, vibrant culture of Barbados, creating a rich and diverse architectural landscape.

Barbados, Colonial, Modernist, Postmodernist, Aesthetics.

Anika Singh

Art In Indonesia

The development of art in Indonesia has been shaped by a combination of key historical events, social and cultural trends, and technological advancements. The earliest forms of art in the region can be traced back to the Hindu-Buddhist era in the 7th century, when the Javanese culture flourished and expressed itself through various forms of art. Later, during the Islamic period, art was used to express religious beliefs, and this period saw the emergence of the Wayang shadow puppet theatre and various textile and metalworking techniques. During the Dutch colonial era, the art of Indonesia was influenced by the Western world, and this period saw the emergence of the Batik textile technique. In the 20th century, the development of art in Indonesia was heavily influenced by the country's struggle for independence, with the emergence of various forms of nationalist art. In recent times, the development of digital technologies has enabled the emergence of new forms of art and creative expression, such as digital painting, 3D printing, and multimedia art.

Traditional, Religious, Dutch, Nationalist, Digital

Veronica Santoro


Angular is a powerful design tool that can help bring creativity and structure to any project. With its intuitive and user-friendly interface, designers and developers can quickly assemble, design and deploy websites and applications with rich visuals, advanced functionality and custom experiences. The framework is highly customizable, allowing designers to create unique and beautiful interfaces that are feature-rich and responsive, without compromising on design or performance. Angular also offers a powerful Model-View-Controller (MVC) pattern for the development of web applications, providing an architecture for complex design projects. With Angular, designers and developers can create stunning projects with maximum efficiency and convenience.

Angular, TypeScript, web application, framework, MVC, development, design.

Federica Costa


The word Arcology is an amalgam of two different words: the prefix 'arc' is derived from the Greek word ‘arkhos’ meaning 'ruler' or 'command' while the suffix 'ology' is Greek in origin, stemming from 'logy' meaning 'study of.' The term arcology was first coined in 1968 by architect Paolo Soleri, and is used to refer to large scale, self-contained, urban structures. These structures are constructed not only for the purpose of inhabiting a population, but also for the cognitive and socio-political implications of their design. A morphological analysis of the word reveals the effective juxtaposition of the two parts. By combining two words from different languages and creating a single, new word with a unique meaning, a simple, yet powerful concept is expressed. Pragmatically, the term captures the concept of an urban and architectural space wherein citizens are both subject and objects of their environment.

Urban, Structure, Theory, Ecology, Design.

Henry Fontaine

Art And Design In Extraterrestrial Environments

Art and design in extraterrestrial environments refer to the creation of visual and functional elements in space that are aesthetically pleasing, functional, and safe for human habitation. The field of art and design in space has become increasingly important as human exploration of space continues to expand. The design of spacecraft, habitats, and space suits requires careful consideration of the unique challenges posed by the space environment, including microgravity, radiation, and extreme temperatures. One of the primary goals of art and design in extraterrestrial environments is to create environments that are comfortable and conducive to human habitation. This involves designing living spaces that are functional and efficient, while also providing a sense of comfort and familiarity to the crew. Art and design can also be used to create a sense of community and identity among the crew, which can be important for maintaining morale during long-duration missions. Another important aspect of art and design in extraterrestrial environments is safety. In space, even small design flaws can have catastrophic consequences, so designers must take into account the unique challenges posed by the space environment. This can include designing structures that can withstand the extreme temperatures and radiation of space, as well as creating systems that are reliable and easy to maintain. Art and design in extraterrestrial environments also play an important role in the communication of scientific and engineering concepts to the public. By creating visually stunning and informative displays, designers can help to educate the public about the challenges and opportunities of space exploration. Overall, art and design in extraterrestrial environments is a critical field that plays an important role in human space exploration. By creating functional, safe, and aesthetically pleasing environments, designers help to ensure the success of space missions and inspire the public to support continued exploration of the cosmos.

space exploration, design, safety, aesthetics, communication

Richard Gonzalez

Awning Transom Sash

Awning transom sash is a type of window that features a transom, or top section, and an awning-style sash, or bottom section. This window configuration allows for increased ventilation and air flow into a room. In addition, the awning sash allows for more privacy and the ability to keep out elements of weather, such as wind, rain, and snow. The awning transom sash window is a popular choice for many contemporary architecture designs, as it provides a unique look and feel to any space. The frame of the window is typically crafted from wood or aluminum, and the sash is made of glass or plastic, depending on the desired look and feel. Additionally, awning transom sash windows can be customized to fit any design, as they are made to order.

Awning, Transom, Sash, Window, Frame, Wood, Aluminum, Glass, Plastic, Design, Customized.

Mary Jones

Advertising Strategy

Advertising strategy for designers is a necessary tool for any business or individual seeking to create an impactful campaign. It involves finding the right target audience, understanding their needs, and crafting an effective message that resonates with them. Designers should create visuals that capture the attention of their target audience, as well as leveraging various digital channels such as social media, email, and search engine optimization to reach them. Furthermore, they should be mindful of the impact of their message on their target audience, ensuring that the message is respectful and appropriate for the desired audience. Additionally, tracking the success of a campaign is essential in order to measure its effectiveness, in terms of ROI and other metrics. To ensure maximum success, designers should constantly monitor user data and trends, and adjust their ad strategies accordingly. Ultimately, a successful advertising strategy requires a combination of creativity, strategy, and analytics.

Advertising Design, Target Audience, Creative Strategy, Digital Marketing.

Barbara Bertini

Afterburners For Water Vehicle Engines

Afterburners are devices used in engines to increase thrust by injecting additional fuel into the exhaust stream. They are commonly used in jet engines to increase the speed and power of aircraft. However, afterburners can also be used in water vehicle engines to increase their speed and performance. Water vehicle engines equipped with afterburners work by injecting additional fuel into the exhaust stream, which then ignites and produces a powerful burst of energy. This energy is then used to propel the watercraft forward, resulting in increased speed and performance. Afterburners are particularly useful for high-speed watercraft such as racing boats, where every bit of extra speed can make a significant difference in the outcome of a race. The use of afterburners in water vehicle engines is not without its drawbacks, however. They can significantly increase fuel consumption, which can be a concern for longer journeys. Additionally, the increased heat generated by the afterburners can put additional stress on the engine, potentially shortening its lifespan. Despite these drawbacks, afterburners remain a popular choice for many watercraft enthusiasts who are looking to maximize the performance of their engines. With proper maintenance and care, afterburners can provide a significant boost to the speed and power of water vehicle engines, making them an attractive option for those looking to push the limits of their craft.

afterburners, engines, thrust, speed, performance

Thomas Davis

Austrian Cultural Heritage

Austrian Cultural Heritage refers to the unique and diverse expressions of Austria's history, traditions, and values that have been passed down through generations. It encompasses a wide range of cultural forms, including music, literature, architecture, visual arts, and cuisine. One of the most significant aspects of Austrian Cultural Heritage is its rich musical tradition, which includes the works of composers such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Franz Schubert, and Johann Strauss. The country's architecture is also a vital part of its cultural heritage, with notable examples including the Baroque-style Schönbrunn Palace and the Gothic-style St. Stephen's Cathedral. Another essential aspect of Austrian Cultural Heritage is its culinary traditions, which are influenced by the country's geography and history. Austrian cuisine is known for its hearty dishes, such as Wiener Schnitzel and Tafelspitz, as well as its delicious pastries, including Sachertorte and Apfelstrudel. The country's wine-making tradition is also an essential part of its cultural heritage, with vineyards in regions such as the Wachau Valley producing some of the world's best white wines. Austrian Cultural Heritage is also characterized by its contributions to philosophy, science, and literature. The country has produced many renowned philosophers, including Ludwig Wittgenstein and Karl Popper, as well as notable scientists such as Erwin Schrödinger and Wolfgang Pauli. Austrian literature has also made significant contributions to world literature, with authors such as Franz Kafka, Stefan Zweig, and Thomas Bernhard. In conclusion, Austrian Cultural Heritage is a multifaceted and rich expression of the country's history, traditions, and values. It encompasses a wide range of cultural forms, including music, architecture, cuisine, and literature, and has made significant contributions to world culture. Its unique and diverse expressions continue to inspire and influence people worldwide.

Austria, culture, music, architecture, cuisine, literature, philosophy, science, wine-making

William Young

Area Lighting System Design

Area Lighting System Design is a specialized field that involves the creation of lighting systems that meet the specific needs of a given space or area. This process requires a thorough understanding of the space being illuminated, as well as the needs of the people who will be using it. The goal of Area Lighting System Design is to create a lighting environment that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing, while also being energy-efficient and cost-effective. One important aspect of Area Lighting System Design is the selection of appropriate lighting fixtures. This involves choosing fixtures that are both durable and efficient, and that provide the right amount and quality of light for the space. The position and adjustability of these fixtures is also important, as they need to be placed in such a way as to provide optimal lighting coverage while minimizing glare and other potential hazards. Another key aspect of Area Lighting System Design is energy efficiency. This involves selecting lighting fixtures and systems that use the minimum amount of energy necessary to provide the desired level of illumination. This can be achieved through the use of LED lighting, which is highly efficient and long-lasting, as well as through the use of lighting controls such as timers and motion sensors. Overall, Area Lighting System Design is a complex and multifaceted process that requires careful consideration of a wide range of factors. By taking into account the needs of the space, the people who will be using it, and the available technology and resources, designers can create lighting systems that are both effective and efficient.

Lighting fixtures, Energy efficiency, LED lighting, Lighting controls, Glare

Ryan Phillips

Avionics Design

Avionics Design is a highly specialized field of engineering that focuses on the design and development of systems used in aircraft, spacecraft, and other vehicles. It is the integration of electrical, electronic, and computer systems to ensure safe and efficient operation of the vehicle. The tasks involved in this field include the design of navigation, communications, flight control, and data management systems. Systems engineering, test engineering, operational-environment simulation, and project-cost estimation are also integral parts of avionics design. This discipline requires an in-depth understanding of the principles of electronics, communication, and navigation to create a seamless system. Designers must also have knowledge of the specific aircraft requirements and be able to work with the manufacturer to ensure the systems meet the needs of the aircraft.

Avionics, Aircraft, Design, Engineering, Components.

Eleonora Barbieri

Art Production Design

Art Production Design is an important component of the entertainment industry. It is a multi-disciplinary approach to creating visuals to advance a story or message within a story. By combining elements of digital art, design, and storytelling, Art Production Designers are able to create immersive, engaging, and memorable experiences for viewers. It requires understanding of the technical and creative aspects of design, as well as the ability to collaborate and work with a wide range of professionals. Art Production Designers must also have an understanding of the narrative of the story, the target audience, and how to use the various elements of design to communicate the story effectively. By understanding the creative and technical aspects of art production design, designers are able to create visuals that capture the attention of viewers and bring stories to life.

Art Production Design, Visuals, Digital Art, Design, Storytelling, Collaboration, Creativity, Immersive, Engaging.

Claudia Rossetti

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