Search the Design+Encyclopedia:


From Design+Encyclopedia, the free encyclopedia on good design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation.
Design of the Day
Discover and learn more about the Design of the Day, or Explore and see all past Design of the Day honorees.

Discover | Explore Honorees

Design Team of the Day
Discover and learn more about the Design Team of the Day, or Explore and see all past Design Team of the Day honorees.

Discover | Explore Honorees

Designer of the Day
Discover and learn more about the Designer of the Day, or Explore and see all past Designer of the Day honorees.

Discover | Explore Honorees

Design Legend of the Day
Discover and learn more about the Design Legend of the Day, or Explore and see all past Design Legend of the Day honorees.

Discover | Explore Honorees

Design Interview of the Day
Discover and learn more about the Design Interview of the Day, or Explore and see all past Design Interview of the Day honorees.

Discover | Explore Honorees

Highlight of the Day
Discover and learn more about the Highlight of the Day, or Explore and see all past Highlight of the Day honorees.

Discover | Explore Honorees

Architectural Design Values

Architectural design values refer to the set of principles that guide architects, designers and planners in their work. These values reflect the aesthetic, functional and technological criteria used to develop an architecture project, as well as the ethical, social and cultural values that are taken into consideration in the process. The values of architectural design must be balanced, to create structures that not only meet the needs of the user, but also integrate into the surrounding environment and convey a sense of identity and belonging.

Architecture, Design, Urban, Planning, Values, Aesthetics, Functionality, Technology, Ethical, Social, Cultural, User, Environment, Identity.

Lauren Moore

Aaron Miller

Aaron Miller (American Illustrator) has revolutionized modern illustration with his vibrant designs, top-notch technique, and use of bright colors. His iconic design of the Statue of Liberty has captured the imaginations of millions, while his portrait of Marilyn Monroe has been hailed as an exquisite example of classical elegance. His work also features an impressive array of illustrations for magazines, books, and web projects. His detailed line drawings of famous landmarks and cultural icons have made Aaron Miller one of the most influential and recognizable illustrators in the world. His work has been praised for its creative, unique approach and its ability to bring life to concepts and characters that wouldn’t exist without his contributions.

Aaron Miller, American Illustrator, Design, Artwork, Illustration, Portrait, Landmarks, Drawings, Famous, Techniques.

Antonio Ferrara

André Laug

André Laug's work is characterized by a unique blend of both traditional and contemporary painting techniques. His use of bold colors and intricate shapes creates a vibrant and energetic atmosphere in his works. He has a knack for combining the abstract and the figurative, as well as the dreamlike and the tangible. His works often explore the complexity of the human psyche and the relationship between the inner and outer worlds. Laug is a master at creating a sense of balance and harmony between the two realms, and his works are highly sought after by galleries and museums around the world. He has been featured in numerous international exhibitions and has received multiple awards for his work. His pieces are instantly recognizable for their vivid colors and intricate compositions.

Creativity, Expression, Color, Harmony, Artistic.

Eleonora Barbieri

Audrey Niffenegger

Audrey Niffenegger is an artist and author whose works are celebrated for their innovative storytelling and powerful visual language. She has crafted intricate, multi-layered stories that explore the complex relationship between the real and the imaginary. By combining traditional media such as paint and text, Niffenegger has created works that are both visually arresting and thought-provoking. Her writing often invites readers to reflect on their own perspectives and experiences, while her artwork is often imbued with a dream-like quality that invites the viewer to explore their own subconscious. Niffenegger has collaborated with a range of artists and writers to create unique works that are both imaginative and imaginative. Her works have been featured in galleries, books and films around the world, and she has been the recipient of several awards and honors.

Creativity, Visual Arts, Imagination, Storytelling

Claudia Rossetti

Automated Reasoning

Automated Reasoning is the process of using computers to draw logical conclusions from sets of given data. It is a field of artificial intelligence (AI) which studies the ways in which computers can be programmed to solve problems, draw conclusions, and make decisions. Automated Reasoning algorithms are used to process large amounts of data and identify relationships between facts.

AI, Machine Learning, Computational Logic, Inference Engines, Knowledge Representation.

Giulia Esposito

Art And Design Organizations

Art and design organizations have the purpose of connecting professionals, students, and academics in order to foster creativity, innovation, and collaboration. They offer services such as workshops and lectures, mentoring programs, and the sharing of resources between members. They allow designers to network and develop their skills, build portfolios, and provide inspiration. Art and design organizations can also provide support to local communities, help to create jobs and job opportunities, and even create social impact. Their members have access to design professionals and mentors, as well as a range of resources in both digital and physical forms.

Design, Creativity, Innovation, Networking, Professionals, Mentoring.

Ji-Soo Park

Alfred Grévin

Alfred Grévin was a pioneer in the arts, pushing the boundaries of traditional art forms like painting and sculpture. He was known for his bold use of color and his ability to create intricate, imaginative works that transcend the traditional genres. His works show a unique blend of realism and fantasy, as he often used unexpected elements in his pieces. He was highly respected for his dedication to his craft and innovation as he constantly sought to refine his techniques and vision. He also made great strides in the field of interior design, transforming spaces into stunning works of art. He was also a master of illustration and photography, and his works were often featured in magazines and books. All of these accomplishments led to numerous awards and recognitions for his work and helped him become one of the most respected artists in the world.

Impressionism, Color, Fantasy, Imagination, Sculpture, Photography.

Claudia Rossetti

Andy Smith

Andy Smith is an eminently talented British illustrator whose work has been appreciated and celebrated since the mid-1980s. His unique style of combining vivid colors, simple shapes and whimsical compositions, has earned him a place in the hearts of many designers, art and creativity enthusiasts. He is known for his iconic illustrations of the Tower Bridge and other London landmarks, which have been used to promote tourist campaigns and postcards. His use of perspective and composition gives his work an added flair, making it highly sought-after even today. His illustrations have been featured in a wide array of books, magazines, newspapers and advertising campaigns, making him one of the most influential British illustrators of the past few decades. His artwork is highly respected in the art world, and his timeless illustrations are admired by millions across the globe.

Andy Smith, British Illustrator, Artist, Tower Bridge, London, Perspective, Composition, Colorful, Cartoon-like, Timeless Illustrations.

Federica Costa

Alexander Girard

Alexander Girard is a celebrated American industrial designer whose works are celebrated for their modern look and cultural relevance. One of Girard's most iconic works is the textiles and furniture designs he created for Herman Miller in the 1950s. His brightly-colored textiles and furniture pieces were deeply influential in popularizing modern design. Among his most popular pieces are the Grasshopper Lounge, the Laminated Panel series, the Modular Wall System, and the Embroidered Frieze series. Other works include logo designs, toys and product design. Girard’s works were ahead of their time, featuring a combination of modern and traditional aesthetics. His designs heavily influence mid-century modern design today, making them a lasting part of interior and product design.

Alexander Girard, American Industrial Designer, Herman Miller, Mid-Century Modern Design, Textiles, Furniture, Logo Design, Toys, Product Design.

Antonio Ferrara

Automatic Coffee Machine Design

Automatic Coffee Machine Design is a branch of the design industry that focuses on the design of machines capable of producing coffee without the need for manual labor. This type of design involves the use of robotics, electrical engineering and other advanced technological processes to create machines that can produce coffee quickly and efficiently. The design of these machines requires a comprehensive understanding of the various components that go into the machine, such as the heater, motor, water and coffee dispenser, and the ability to program and monitor all these components. The design of these machines must also be able to create a product that meets the needs of consumers, such as being able to produce coffee quickly and to a consistent quality.

Automatic Coffee Machine, Robotics, Electrical Engineering, Automation, Coffee Dispenser.

James Rothschild

Anna Farkas

Anna Farkas is a creative force of nature, with a passion for design, art and innovation. She has a unique eye for detail and aesthetic, and her style of creating art and design is often captivating and compelling. She brings a unique sensibility to her works, which evokes emotion and excitement within its viewers. Her work is always thought-provoking and innovative, and often shes able to gracefully blend multiple mediums of art and design to create something truly memorable.

Anna Farkas, design, art, creativity, innovation, aesthetics.

Anna Lombardi

Antonio Saura

Antonio Saura is a renowned artist in the world of art and culture. He is internationally recognised for his striking and powerful works, which often explore themes related to death, suffering, and spirituality. His work has been exhibited in major galleries and museums, and some of his most famous works include The Wind and the Sun, The Labyrinth, and The Burning Wheat. Saura's works are distinguished by their intense colour and texture, often depicting figures in a state of anguish and pain. Saura's works demonstrate a profound understanding of the human condition and have been highly praised by critics and art enthusiasts alike.

Antonio Saura, art, culture, painting, sculpture, installations.

Anna Lombardi

Automotive Usability

Automotive usability is an important field of study as it affects how drivers and passengers interact with their vehicles. It considers the physical design of the interior and exterior of the vehicle and the integration of different interfaces for control and information. This allows for a user experience that is comfortable, ergonomic and safe. Automotive usability is also concerned with designing user interfaces that are intuitive and easy to use while driving. This requires designers to think carefully about the ways in which drivers interact with the vehicle, such as buttons, knobs, and displays, and how they can be designed to provide a good user experience. Additionally, automotive usability focuses on the overall experience, so designers must also take into account the aesthetics and feel of the vehicle when designing.

Automotive usability, user interface, ergonomics, safety, design, comfort, aesthetics.

Claudia Rossetti

Artifact-Centric Business Process Model

An artifact-centric business process model is a form of process modeling which focuses on the digital artifacts created by a process. These artifacts, such as documents, images, and files, are the output of a process and are used to represent the process graphically. The model uses the artifacts to represent the process as a series of nodes which are linked together. This model allows a user to quickly see how the process is structured and how it can be altered. By focusing on the artifacts, the model can be used to analyze how changes in the process affects the output. This helps to improve the design of the process and ensure that it meets the desired goals.

Artifact-Centric, Business Process, Modeling, Digital Artifacts.

Charles Windsor


An arcade is a type of architectural structure designed to host public events, commonly found in cities and public squares around the world. It is characterized by a covered walkway usually made of handsome stone, timber, or metal along the sides. It is spanned by a succession of arches, vaults, and columns that provide support to the building and often have a decorative effect. This type of design has been used since antiquity, originally being found in places like the Greek agora and Roman forum. Today, it is typically used as a passageway linking different parts of a larger structure, such as a palace or university, or can serve as a standalone feature, providing shelter to those passing by.

Arcade, architecture, walkway, arches, vaults, columns.

Lauren Moore

Andres Serrano

Andres Serrano is an American artist from New York City, known for his controversial works in photography and video. In his works he often explores issues of religion, mortality, and identity through his use of everyday objects and popular symbols. He has had solo exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Brooklyn Museum.

Andres Serrano, American artist, photography, video, controversies, art exhibitions, Museum of Modern Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, Brooklyn Museum

Mei Wang

Automation Network Security Auditing And Monitoring

Automation Network Security Auditing And Monitoring is essential for any organization that wants to protect its data and systems. Automation greatly improves the efficiency of security audits, as it enables auditors to quickly and accurately identify potential security flaws and vulnerabilities. Automation also helps organizations monitor their networks for malicious code and other security threats, and to quickly respond to any potential threats. For designers, automation can help create a secure and reliable environment for their projects by providing a layer of protection against malicious code and other security breaches. Automation also provides a platform to quickly identify any security issues and to quickly address them.

Security auditing, monitoring, automation, vulnerability assessment, intrusion detection, antivirus software, firewalls.

Claudia Rossetti

Amalia Ulman

Amalia Ulman is a multidisciplinary artist whose practice examines the ways in which technology and media shape our identities and our understanding of the world. Through her work, she subverts conventions and questions the boundaries between reality and fiction, exploring the power structures embedded within our digital and physical landscapes. Her work has been featured in numerous international exhibitions and has received critical acclaim from both the art world and the public. Her most notable project, ‘Excellences and Perfections’, went viral on social media and was subsequently exhibited in galleries and museums around the world. Ulman’s work is a powerful reminder of the need to critical engage with technology, media and our society.

Art, artist, digital, identity, media, technology, performance, installation, photography, sculpture, video, criticality.

Eleonora Barbieri

Appeal To Widespread Belief

Appeal To Widespread Belief is when someone uses a widely accepted belief or opinion to try and back up their own opinion. For example, if someone says everyone believes the sky is blue and that is why you should believe it too, that is an Appeal To Widespread Belief. This is a kind of cognitive bias because people are using something that is believed by many, but not necessarily true, to try and support their own ideas. It is also a logical fallacy because it doesn't make sense to believe something just because a lot of people believe it.

Appeal To Widespread Belief, Cognitive Bias, Logical Fallacy, Popular Opinion

Thomas Lee

Autonomous Vehicles

Autonomous vehicles are a rapidly developing technology that promise to revolutionize transportation and mobility. Autonomous vehicles are equipped with sensors, cameras, and sophisticated algorithms that enable them to detect, map, and navigate their environment without the need for human input. Autonomous vehicles are capable of carrying out complex tasks such as driving, parking, and even responding to obstacles in the road. Autonomous vehicles can also be programmed to follow predetermined routes or use machine learning algorithms to navigate in real-time. Designers must take into account the ever-changing technology of autonomous vehicles when designing for the future of transportation and mobility.

Autonomous Vehicle, Artificial Intelligence, Sensors, Machine Learning.

Eleonora Barbieri

Aircraft Systems Design

Aircraft Systems Design is the engineering discipline that focuses on the integration of components, systems and subsystems of aircraft. The goal of this discipline is to identify and satisfy the performance, safety and cost objectives of the aircraft. It requires a comprehensive understanding of the design, development, manufacturing, and maintenance of aircraft systems, as well as an in-depth knowledge of the materials and processes used. Aircraft Systems Design also involves the integration of avionics, propulsion, structures, and other systems.

Aircraft Systems, Design Engineering, Avionics, Propulsion, Structures.

Giulia Esposito

Aviation Industry Competition

Aviation industry competition is the economic rivalry between airlines and airports, in which they compete for customers, resources, and market share. The competition is characterized by an intense concentration of resources, a high level of strategic decision-making, and a focus on cost cutting. Airlines and airports are constantly striving to develop new strategies and offerings that differentiate them from their competitors. Competition in the aviation industry is driven by factors such as price, service quality, customer loyalty, and brand identity.

Airlines, Airports, Travel, Price Wars, Discounts.

Giulia Esposito

Air Quality

Designers are often in the position of being able to create positive change in their communities, and air quality is one such area of focus. Creative minds can use their art, design, and technical skills to develop thoughtful and powerful solutions to reduce the local impact of air pollution. These solutions can range from creating clean energy sources to developing innovative methods to monitor and track air quality. With a range of approaches, designers can utilize their creative skills to craft meaningful solutions to air quality problems.

Air quality, pollution, environment, sustainability.

Anna Lombardi

André Roberty

André Roberty is an internationally renowned French Artist whose works have been featured in galleries, museums and exhibitions around the world. His paintings are known for their vibrant and captivating nature, often embodying life, color and movement. Roberty's unique style is characterized by a keen attention to detail and an intense realism that elevates the subject matter. He has worked in a variety of mediums, including oil, watercolor and pastel, and is particularly well-known for his landscapes, cityscapes, and street scenes. Roberty's oeuvre also includes portraits, still life, flowers, and abstracts. His notable works include Death of Nature, Fading Beauty, and The River Valley. As a master of color and composition, Roberty's works are admired by both art critics and collectors alike.

Impressionism, modernism, realism, expressionism, post-impressionism.

Eleonora Barbieri

Antonin Heythum

Antonin Heythum (1925 – 2012) was an American artist who was widely acclaimed for his unique approach to painting. Heythum was known for his use of vivid colors and bold motifs, often inspired by the natural beauty of his native Wisconsin. His work has been included in the permanent collections of several prominent art museums, such as the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. Heythum's most famous works include The Great Plains (1948) and Furrow (1949). These works demonstrate the artist's mastery of color and texture, as well as his ability to capture the essence of the landscapes he painted.

Antonin Heythum, American artist, painting, color, texture, landscapes, Wisconsin.

Mei Wang

Automotive Recreational Vehicle Design

Automotive Recreational Vehicle Design is a specialized field of design that is focused on the creation of vehicles for recreational purposes. Examples of such vehicles include motorhomes, campervans, caravans, and fifth-wheel trailers. Automotive Recreational Vehicle Design teams must collaborate closely with engineers to ensure that their designs are safe and practical. They must also pay close attention to aesthetics and ergonomics to create attractive and comfortable vehicles for their customers.

Automotive, Recreational, Vehicle, Design, RV

Emma Bernard

Alice Parkman

Alice Parkman is an artist whose work is characterized by its bold and vibrant use of color, texture and light. She is known for incorporating abstract and figurative elements into her art, creating dynamic compositions that captivate viewers. She has been showcased in many international exhibitions, and her pieces have been featured in publications around the world. Parkman’s artistic style is deeply rooted in her passion for exploring the relationship between nature and the human experience, often depicting landscapes in her work. Through her art, Parkman seeks to challenge traditional notions of beauty and share her unique perspective. Her unique approach to creating art has gained her international acclaim and has made her an inspiration for many aspiring artists.

Alice Parkman, artist, painting, abstract, figurative, nature, landscape, vibrant, color, texture, light, human experience, challenge, beauty, perspective, international, acclaim, inspiration.

Claudia Rossetti

Art Nouveau Museum Building

Art Nouveau Museum buildings are architectural structures with a distinct modern style. Characterized by its organic curves, exaggerated ornaments and pastel colors, these structures are defined by their ornamental nature and decorative details. Art Nouveau style was highly influential in various art forms, including furniture design and glasswork, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This style was particularly popular in Europe, and is often seen in the architecture of museums, theatres, and other public buildings. Art Nouveau Museum buildings often feature curved lines, floral motifs, stained glass windows, and other decorative details, often in a riot of colors and textures.

Art Nouveau, Museum, Building, Architecture, Design, Ornamentation.

Lauren Moore

Alessandro Roselli

Alessandro Roselli is a multi-disciplinary artist renowned for his vibrant and imaginative works. He is a master of color and composition, often combining traditional and unconventional materials to create intricate pieces that explore themes of nature and the human condition. Roselli is also noted for his use of bright, bold colors to bring his paintings to life, and for his ability to create works that span a variety of styles, from abstract and impressionistic to realistic portraiture. His works have been exhibited in galleries and museums around the world, and his pieces, such as “Laughing Swan”, “Mater Matuta”, and “The White Sail”, have gained international recognition and praise. Roselli is a celebrated Italian artist whose creative works have captivated audiences and critics alike.

Alessandro Roselli, artist, painter, creator, art, design, Italy, creative.

Eleonora Barbieri

Andrea Alciato

Andrea Alciato was a pioneering figure in the world of design and art, renowned for his iconic emblem books, translations of Latin literature into Italian, and exquisite engravings and woodcuts. His works have had a lasting influence on European design, as they often featured allegories and symbols which conveyed a message through art. Alciato's works were also a major influence on many later Renaissance artists, such as Giulio Romano. His works are praised for their quiet beauty and imaginative expressions, capturing the essence of Renaissance aesthetics. He was also instrumental in establishing the genres of Emblem books and their popularity, which remain relevant even today.

Alciato, Emblematica, Emblemata, Facetiae, Humanism, Italian, Latin, Renaissance, Translations, Woodcuts.

Eleonora Barbieri

Alexandre Lacauchie

Alexandre Lacauchie is a renowned French artist whose works are celebrated around the world. He is a master of color and composition and his artwork is renowned for its bold, striking use of color and confident brush strokes. He has an incredible eye for detail which allows his viewers to discover new elements in his work each time it is viewed. His works often feature unexpected elements, such as figures in the landscape, which create an immersive experience for the viewer. His three most famous works are “Le Grand Port,” “Baie de Menton,” and “La Tour de Dauphin”. His artwork is timeless, and his use of color and composition has been an inspiration to many designers, artists and creatives. For those looking to learn more about Alexandre Lacauchie, his work is well-documented in books, magazines and online.

Alexandre Lacauchie, French artist, paintings, artwork, color, composition, brush strokes, detail, figures, landscape, Grand Port, Menton, Dauphin, inspiration, designers, artists, creatives, books, magazines, online.

Federica Costa

Augustin Duflos

French artist Augustin Duflos is widely respected for his dynamic and vivid style of painting, which evokes a feeling of nostalgia and captures stunning views of the French countryside. His works often feature whimsical characters and stark color contrasts that make his characters jump off the canvas. Duflos is a master of both impressionism and pointillism, often combining the two to great effect in his paintings. His works are sought after by collectors in Paris and beyond, and his name is synonymous with his beloved French landscapes. His most revered works include Souvenir de Normandie, La mère de printemp and, Les pêcheurs de Chausey.

Augustin Duflos, French Artist, Impressionism, Pointillism, Landscape Art, French Countryside

Giovanna Mancini

Aléxandre Sobro

Aléxandre Sobro is a French artist whose practice is deeply rooted in the exploration of the human condition and its relationship to the environment. His work is characterized by its intricate details, bold and vibrant colors, and surreal scenes. Through his art, Sobro seeks to draw attention to the importance of humanity’s connection with the natural world, and to express the need for understanding, reverence and respect for the environment, and the responsibility that humans have to protect it. His works are highly sought after by designers and individuals alike and can be found in galleries and museums across France. Sobro’s art has been featured in international exhibitions and he has been invited to speak at various conferences and events, sharing his insights on the importance of the environment and how it impacts our lives.

Alexandre Sobro, French artist, nature, environment, art, design, activism.

Eleonora Barbieri

Auguste-Louis Lepère

Auguste-Louis Lepère was a renowned French artist who was instrumental in advancing avant-garde art in France. Since the late 19th century, his works had been hailed for their exquisite depictions of everyday life, nature, and rural scenes. An expert of a variety of mediums such as oils, pastels, and watercolors, his brushstrokes captivated the viewer with a sophisticated yet inviting atmosphere. His works are especially noted for their lively application of color and strong sense of atmosphere. Some of his most noteworthy works include ‘La Bouille at Dusk’, ‘Le Canal de l'Ourcq’, and ‘Le Repos de la Sainte Famille’.

Art, French, Painter, Auguste-Louis Lepère, Impressionism, Landscapes

Giovanna Mancini

August Will

American Artist August Will is widely recognized for his creative and abstract art works that present his unique perspective and distinctive themes. His works are highly praised for their virtuosity, versatility, and attention to detail. August Will's remarkable creations are noted for their use of modern lines, shapes, and colors to bring the artist's vision to life. From imaginative and vibrant paintings to intricate sculptures, August Will continues to capture the hearts of modern art lovers. Three of August Will's most celebrated works are The Journey, Abandonment, and The Golden God.

August Will, American Artist, Abstract Art, Modern Art, Contemporary Art, Painting, Sculpture

Giovanna Mancini

Audio-Visual Arts

Audio-Visual Arts is an art form that combines creative design, technology and multimedia elements to create a unique experience. It is an ever-evolving medium that is used by designers to explore, experiment and express their creativity. Audio-Visual Arts can be used to communicate and express ideas in a powerful and compelling way, and is often used to create engaging experiences for audiences. It can include activities such as animation, sound engineering, video production, motion graphics, music composition, and interactive design. Audio-Visual Arts also has applications in various industries such as advertising, education, entertainment, and storytelling. Audio-Visual Arts is a great way for designers to express their unique vision and bring their ideas to life.

Audio-Visual Arts, Creative Design, Technology, Multimedia, Animation, Sound Engineering, Video Production, Motion Graphics, Music Composition, Interactive Design, Advertising, Education, Entertainment, Storytelling.

Claudia Rossetti

Adolf Senff

Adolf Senff is renowned as one of the most important German artists of the 19th century. His works are characterized by a vibrant, ethereal atmosphere and a unique sense of romantic sentimentality. His deep understanding of the beauty found in nature and his skillful use of color and composition, imbue his paintings with a dream-like quality and offer viewers an experience of transcendence. Among his most celebrated works are Turning Road near Dresden (1874), Landscape with Three Women (1878) and Shepherds with Sheep in a Mountainous Landscape (1890).

German Art, 19th Century Art, German Painter, Romanticism, Landscape Art.

Giovanna Mancini

Autonomous Aircraft Maintenance

Autonomous Aircraft Maintenance offers designers an array of opportunities to be creative and innovative. With the capacity to adjust and tune components automatically, engineers are able to design aircraft that require less human input and are more reliable and efficient. This allows designers to develop aircraft that are capable of more intricate and specialized maneuvers, as well as providing enhanced safety features. Additionally, designers can capitalize on the data collected by the aircraft’s automated system, using it to inform the design of more effective and efficient aircraft. Autonomous Aircraft Maintenance is a revolutionary tool that has the potential to revolutionize the way we design and create aircraft.

Aircraft Maintenance, Automation, Autonomous Systems, Diagnostics, Maintenance Scheduling.

Claudia Rossetti

Advertising Design

Advertising design is the practice of creating visually appealing visuals, such as banners, posters, and logos, that are designed to attract the attention of a target audience and to promote a particular product, service, or idea. It involves the use of colours, images, typography, and illustrations to create a message that resonates with the target audience and encourages them to take a desired action. Advertising design is a creative and strategic process that requires a deep understanding of the target audience to ensure the message is effectively conveyed.

Advertising, Design, Visuals, Banners, Posters, Logos, Colours, Images, Typography, Illustrations, Message, Target Audience, Creative, Strategic, Understanding

Giovanna Mancini


The word “aisle” has a fascinating linguistic and morphological evolution. Originating in the late Middle English period of the 1440s, the word can be traced back further to the Old French - aiselle. From here, the word percolated into the Old Italian - aiala, as well as the Latin - ala. The original Latin term referred to a “wing,” and its root meaning has been retained in its modern English iteration. The word’s morphology is interesting because, in addition to its literal meaning of a passageway between seating areas, such as those of public assembly, “aisle” can refer to the passageways within retail stores and supermarkets, or the passageways in a church or churchyard. The pragmatic use of the term, in this case, illustrates how a single term can have multiple meanings that are contextually developed and understood.

Etymology, Morphology, Aisle, Linguistics, Historical Evolution

Henry Fontaine

Architectural Analysis

Architectural Analysis is a powerful tool for designers to help them create successful and aesthetically pleasing designs. By analyzing a building or structure, designers can identify potential problems, improve the design, and create a more efficient, effective, and aesthetically pleasing space. In addition to examining the elements of a building or structure, such as its shape and form, materials, and functionality, Architectural Analysis can also help to identify potential weaknesses in a design. This can include analyzing the structural integrity of a building, examining the environmental impacts of a design, and assessing the energy efficiency of the building. By conducting an architectural analysis, designers can ensure that their designs are well thought out, functional, and aesthetically pleasing. Furthermore, architectural analysis can provide designers with insights into how their designs may respond to changes in climate or usage.

Architectural Analysis, Design, Structure, Building, Environment.

Eleonora Barbieri

Andries Both

Andries Both was an artist who embraced a unique style of painting that blurred the lines between realism and fantasy. His works were often characterized by a vibrant palette of colors and a unique sense of movement and perspective. He was particularly skilled in capturing the beauty of natural elements in his paintings, such as landscapes and people. His use of light and dark contrast was particularly effective in creating drama and emotion in his works. His influence on the Dutch Golden Age art movement was profound, and his pupil Jan Steen was heavily influenced by his work. His iconic works, such as The Procuress, The Concert, The Merry Company in the Open Air, A Village Street, and The Fortune Teller, are still inspiring and captivating audiences today.

Andries Both, Dutch Baroque Painter, Draftman, Printmaker, Art, Dutch Golden Age, Jan Steen, Renaissance-style, Procuress, Concert, Merry Company, Village Street, Fortune Teller.

Claudia Rossetti

Agnieszka Holland

Agnieszka Holland is a Polish film director and screenwriter who has made an international name for herself in the world of film. Her films have been praised for their realism and captivating storytelling, giving an authentic and powerful insight into the complex human experience. She has been the recipient of numerous prestigious awards, including the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film for her film Eurovision Song Contest: The Story of Fire Saga, and the BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language for In Darkness. Holland has a unique ability to bring stories to life with her distinct visual style, creating a cinematic experience that is both captivating and emotionally resonant. Her work is a testament to the power of creativity and the importance of artistry in storytelling.

Agnieszka Holland, Polish director, screenwriter, art director, award-winning, Eurovision Song Contest, The Story of Fire Saga, In Darkness, BAFTA Award, cinema, visual style, creativity, artistry, storytelling.

Claudia Rossetti

Aristide Maillol

Aristide Maillol was a renowned French sculptor and painter of the late 19th century and early 20th century. He was a masterful artist and his works have been widely celebrated for their beauty and grace. His most famous works include the monumental sculpture of The River, the bronze statue of Dina, and the marble sculpture of L'Amour. Maillol's sculptures evoke a sense of calm and contemplation, and his paintings often depict beautiful pastoral scenes. His works are some of the most celebrated in the history of French art.

Aristide Maillol, French sculptor, painter, art, sculpture, 19th century, 20th century

Anna Lombardi

Adolf Schinnerer

Adolf Schinnerer is a renowned German artist who is admired for his ability to create beautiful and unique works of art that meld traditional and modern techniques. His artworks have been exhibited in galleries around the world and have been praised for their originality, beauty, and evocative power. He is particularly well-known for his use of a variety of materials and his skill in crafting intricate pieces that often incorporate a range of elements. For example, his painting ‘St. Hubert and the Wild Boar’ is a stunning example of his mastery of the medium, as he combines a traditional painting with elements of wood carving. His works have become a source of inspiration for many designers within the field of art, design, and creativity.

Adolf Schinnerer, German artist, painter, woodcarver, sculptor, traditional art, modern art, unique artwork, intricate design, materials, St. Hubert and the Wild Boar, Interior of a Room, Swans on the Pond.

Claudia Rossetti

Artisan Designer Awards

The Artisan Designer Awards are a sub-category of the A' Design Awards, the world's largest design competition that seeks to recognize and promote excellent designs from across the globe. The Artisan Designer Awards specifically recognize and promote the work of artisans and craftspeople in their respective fields, with a focus on celebrating their traditional skills and techniques. This awards program is designed to be accessible to both the general public and professional designers, providing a platform for craftspeople to gain recognition for their work and a valuable opportunity to increase their visibility.

Artisan Design, Designer Awards, A' Design, Craftspeople, Traditional Skills

Lucia Ferrari

Afra Scarpa

Afra Scarpa is a designer who is highly respected in the world of art, design, and creativity. Her work has been praised for its vibrant colors, textures, and use of light to evoke a sense of emotion and atmosphere. Scarpa has a unique approach to her pieces, often blending elements of traditional and modern art to create something truly unique. Her works have been exhibited in many galleries and museums around the world, and her portfolio includes the oil painting 'Woman in Blue Dress', the series of acrylic paintings 'Urban Cities' and the sculpture 'The Wave'. Her designs have also been featured in numerous publications, further establishing her as a leading figure in the creative world. Furthermore, Scarpa has also designed a range of home décor, fashion and lifestyle products, utilizing her signature style and approach.

Afra Scarpa, Italian artist, art, painting, sculpture, design.

Federica Costa


The term Aquaculture has been in circulation for many centuries and has been linked with the Latin term aqua, which can be translated to mean “water”. The term culture is derived from the Latin cultura, referring to the development and rearing of aquatic organisms under controlled conditions. Over time, the meaning of the term has shifted from its original purpose, which was to denote the process of growing fish or other aquatic organisms in enclosed spaces. It now encompasses a much larger scope of activities, such as the cultivation of marine and aquatic plants, the maintenance of aquatic habitats for conservation and the production of fish or livestock for food or other commercial purposes. From a morphological and etymological standpoint, the word aquaculture has evolved significantly to encompass a wide range of activities associated with the environment and the aquatic ecosystem.

Aquaculture, Etymology, Morphology, Pragmatics, Conservation, Environment.

Henry Fontaine

Alessandro Becchi

Alessandro Becchi is an Italian artist and sculptor best known for his sculptures in the Baroque style. He was born in Florence in 1660 and began his training as a sculptor at an early age under the guidance of his father, Giovanni Becchi, who was also a sculptor. Becchi was instrumental in developing and perfecting the Neoclassical style during the late 18th century. His major works include the Statue of St. Peter, the Statue of the Virgin Mary, and the Monument to the Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo. His works feature a combination of harmonious proportions, delicate details, and complex narrative themes, which have become hallmarks of Italian Baroque sculpture. His works often center around themes of death and the afterlife, with some of his most famous works being funerary sculptures. Becchi has also been credited with developing the “Poetic” style of sculpture, a style which combines elements of neoclassicism and Baroque sculpture.

Alessandro Becchi, Italian artist, sculptor, Baroque, Neoclassical, funerary sculptures, Poetic style.

Mei Wang

Automotive Model-Based System Engineering

Automotive Model-Based System Engineering (MBSE) is a methodology used to design, model, simulate, and validate automotive systems in an integrated way using various tools and techniques. This practice helps designers to explore and evaluate the effect of different design variations on the overall system before committing to a design. By using MBSE, designers can model a vehicle system in terms of its parts and the interrelationships between them. This efficient system engineering method helps designers to identify inefficiencies and make faster decisions. Examples of this method include Virtual Prototyping for automobiles and analyzing data from multiple sources to design an efficient vehicle.

Automotive MBSE, system engineering, model-based design, vehicle systems, vehicle simulation.

Emma Bernard

About the Design+Encyclopedia
The free encyclopedia on good design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation.

Design+Encyclopedia is a free online encyclopedia, pioneering freedom of speech and freedom of expression in arts, design, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation, written and maintained by a community of design professionals, architects, artists, creators, innovators and engineers. In Design+Encyclopedia, every individual contribution is cherished, differentiated opinions and distinct ideas are respected and attributed. Anyone can edit and contribute to the Design+Encyclopedia. Become a contributor now and help us expand existing definitions with your own. The Design+Encyclopedia is open to all objective facts as well as highly subjective ideas, opinions and perspectives on everything related to design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation. Create a free account now to join our community. We have 71.901 Topics and 224.230 Entries and we are looking forward to publish your entries today.