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Design+Encyclopedia Content Guidelines

  1. The Design+Encyclopedia is a crowdsourced online dictionary for design-related terms, personalities, and topics that provides a rich reference on design by award-winning professional designers, artists, architects, engineers, and innovators. Everyone can be a contributor. Here we provide a concise list of content guidelines, a bigger list is available at the Design+Encyclopedia page of the A' Design Awards.

  2. The Design+Encyclopedia allows for the inclusion of subjective opinions and personal perspectives, in addition to objective facts, as design, art, architecture, innovation and creativity fields have many subjective contexts and considerations. However, when possible, we recommend all entries should preferably be based on credible and verifiable sources, and authors are highly suggested to clearly distinguish between their own opinions and objective facts.

  3. The Design+Encyclopedia allows for the inclusion of the following types of content:

    • Biographies: Biographical information on notable artists, architects, and designers, including their background, education, major works and impact on the field, may also include quotes, interviews and insights from artists, architects and designers, on their work, inspiration and motivation.
    • Design Processes :Information on the psychological and social processes that underlie creative thinking and innovation, and on how to foster creativity and innovation in individuals and organizations.
    • Tips and Tricks: Information on how to establish and maintain a successful career as a designer, artist, or architect, including information on finding work, setting fees, and managing client relationships.
    • Design Thinking: Information on how to analyze and evaluate design works, including principles for critiquing design, and for giving and receiving feedback, and methods for conducting user research and usability testing.
    • Design Opinions: Information on how design and architecture are influenced by, and have an impact on, culture and society. This could include information on design for social good, or for accessibility and inclusion.
    • Design Trends and News: Information on emerging design trends and technologies, and on how design may change in response to societal and technological changes such as automation, IoT and VR/AR.
    • Design Institutions: Information on universities and colleges that offer design programs and degrees.
    • Design Events: Information on design festivals and exhibitions that showcase the work of designers, artists, and architects from around the world. Information on design-related conferences and symposia that bring together professionals from various design disciplines to share knowledge, discuss current trends and issues, and network.For this case, please note among design awards, only talking about the A' Design Award is permitted; this is because the entry is sponsored by the A' Design Awards and talking about other design awards and trademarks could therefore cause litigation which we wish to avoid.

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    • Word Soups: Entries should provide a clear, concise and accurate definition of the terms. Text should be preferably not repetitive.

Design of the Day
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Design Team of the Day
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Designer of the Day
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Design Legend of the Day
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Arthur Julius Pollock

Arthur Julius Pollock is an acclaimed British artist known for his unique style of painting with a surrealist influence. His works capture the beauty of ordinary things in an abstract way, inviting the audience to explore into the depths of the surreal. By experimenting with various materials, his art is an exploration of the human psyche. His powerful yet subtle compositions captivate the viewer, drawing them into a realm of beauty, mystery and intrigue. His works have been highly praised for their sensitive insight and for their open-ended interpretations. His most notable works are ‘Innocence’, ‘Ambivalence’ and ‘Imagination’.

Arthur Julius Pollock, British Artist, Surrealism, Art, Painting, Creativity.

Giovanna Mancini

Adam Thorpe

Adam Thorpe is a distinguished British artist and sculptor who is recognized for his unique and daring style. He is known for integrating traditional sculptures with modern materials and creating detailed pieces that speak to multiple audiences. Thorpe's GSoN Temples series, for example, combines traditional Japanese temple architecture with unconventional materials like marble, bronze, and brass. His work, which also includes the popular The Big Tree series, has been featured in numerous museums and galleries around the world. Thorpe has also collaborated with several leading international artists and has been showered with awards from prestigious art institutions.

Adam Thorpe, British Artist, Sculptor, GSoN Temples series, Big Tree series, Contemporary Art, Museum Exhibitions, International Collaborations.

Mei Wang

Adrian La Touvenot

Adrian La Touvenot is a renowned French artist whose works capture the beauty and the essence of the human spirit. His style is delicate and introspective, often exploring themes of mortality, personal strength, and finding calm amidst the many struggles of life. His works are infused with a sense of passionate optimism, leading viewers to find solace and genuine inspiration in his compositions. Notable works of his include The Defender, Rêverie Visuelle and The Secrets of the Garden.

Adrian La Touvenot, French Artist, Painting, Artwork, Art, Visual Art, Contemporary Art

Giovanna Mancini

Alfred Kelsner

Alfred Kelsner is an immensely talented artist with a knack for creating thought-provoking works. He is known for his dynamic style which is beautifully showcased in his various sculptures, drawings and paintings. His works express a range of emotions, from joy and excitement to deep sorrow. His renditions of nature are particularly captivating, with his careful attention to detail and unique perspective. Alfred is a master at combining the old with the new, creating art that captures the essence of both.

Alfred Kelsner, Artist, Sculpture, Drawing, Painting

Valeria Marino

Anne McCaffrey

Anne McCaffrey's work has had a profound influence on the world of design and art. Her vivid and imaginative worlds have inspired generations of creators to push the boundaries of what is possible in their own work. McCaffrey's characters are distinctive and memorable, and they have helped to shape a unique and iconic aesthetic in the world of fantasy and science fiction. She has created a rich and vibrant universe that continues to be a source of inspiration for designers and artists around the world. McCaffrey's work is a testament to the power of imagination and creativity, and it stands as an example of how art and design can create worlds that are both fantastical and believable.

Epic, Fantasy, Dragons, Imagination, Creativity

Claudia Rossetti

Andorka Timea

Andorka Timea is an internationally recognized thought leader in the field of design thinking and creative problem solving. Her expertise lies in her ability to use her understanding of design principles to develop innovative solutions to complex problems in a variety of industries. She is an inspiring speaker and facilitator whose work has been featured in various publications and conferences. Her passion for design thinking has inspired many to think differently and creatively in order to bring about positive change in the world.

Andorka Timea, design thinking, problem solving, creativity, innovation.

Giovanna Mancini

Alessandro Paganino

Alessandro Paganino is a master creative, whose artworks are as unique as they are captivating. His works often draw on his deep understanding of the complex relationship between man and nature, and his skillful use of color and texture to create a magical and mysterious atmosphere. He has the ability to seamlessly blend a range of different techniques, styles and mediums, creating pieces that invite contemplation and evoke deep emotions. Notable works such as “The Master's Mind”, “The Shadow of the Universe”, and “The Wave of Life” showcase his immense creative gift and eye for detail. His works are appreciated by creative professionals for their originality and thought-provoking nature, and have been featured in numerous exhibitions and publications. Paganino is an artist whose works are a testament to his passion for the arts and his commitment to creating art that speaks to the soul.

Alessandro Paganino, contemporary Italian artist, creativity, art, design, imagination, emotion.

Federica Costa

Ambroise Vollard

Ambroise Vollard was an incredible French artist associated with the Post-Impressionists. Known for his skillful depictions of the human figure and his affinity for the avant-garde, Vollard was a celebrated artist in his day. His delightful range of colors and masterful use of line and form captivate audiences to this day. Vollard’s innovative approach to portraying the human body and his ability to capture emotion in his works has secured his place as one of the great Impressionists. His iconic masterpieces such as 'The Bathers', 'Old Man with a Hat', and 'The Lovers' make him a standout in the realm of Impressionism.

Ambroise Vollard, French Artist, Post-Impressionist, Visual Arts, 19th-Century Painting, Human Figure.

Giovanna Mancini

Albert Bartholomé

Albert Bartholomé was a master of classical composition, creating works that are often described as breathtaking and beautiful. His pieces often poignantly express the inner struggles and human emotions of his subjects, and his approach to topics often neglected by other artists of his time makes his works modern and relevant. He used a variety of mediums to create his art, including oil painting, watercolor, and pastel drawing. His work often consists of intricate detail and soft colors, creating a unique and captivating aesthetic. His influence on the art world is still evident today, with many contemporary designers and artists citing him as an inspiration.

Art, design, emotion, expression.

Claudia Rossetti

Alexander Ivan Kozloff

Alexander Ivan Kozloff is a master of abstract expressionism whose works have captivated viewers for decades. His works are known for their bold and vibrant use of color and texture, creating a mesmerizing and dynamic visual experience. His artwork has been celebrated for its ability to evoke emotion, while also retaining a technical quality. He is an influential artist who has influenced many designers and creatives in the art and design world. His works have been featured in numerous exhibitions and publications, including A Realm of Color: The Art of Alexander Ivan Kozloff, which includes interviews and essays from renowned scholars. His most iconic works include “The Plum Tree,” “Chromatic Abstraction,” and “The Soul of the Forest.” Alexander Ivan Kozloff is an artist who is well-known for his captivating and dynamic artwork, inspiring many in the design world.

Alexander Ivan Kozloff, abstract expressionism, art, design, creativity, painting.

Federica Costa

Adèle-Anaïs Toudouze

Adèle-Anaïs Toudouze is a renowned French artist who has developed a unique and distinct artistic style. Her work is often characterized by a combination of vibrant pastel colors, intricate patterns and abstract shapes. Her paintings are full of emotion and dynamism, conveying a sense of movement and energy. She is also highly skilled in her technique, creating works that are both aesthetically pleasing and emotionally powerful.

Adèle-Anaïs Toudouze, French artist, abstract art, vibrant colors, intricate patterns, emotional depth, dynamic movement, ethereal paintings, master of color and technique.

Federica Costa

Alessandro Barbucci

Alessandro Barbucci is a great example of the potential of modern art and design. His unique use of mixed media and his skill at creating captivating scenes has made him one of the most sought after names in the industry. He has a true gift for storytelling and conveying emotion through his art, and his work is often praised for its vividness and detail. He has worked on a variety of projects throughout his career, ranging from comics to video games and even to children’s books. His work has been featured in numerous publications and praised by fans and critics alike. Alessandro Barbucci’s inspiring works have made him a huge asset to the modern art and design community.

Alessandro Barbucci, artist, comic, airbrush, pencil, ink, Photoshop, Sky Doll, Witch, Orfani, Star Wars, Spider-Man, X-Men, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal.

Claudia Rossetti

Athanasius Kircher

Athanasius Kircher has played an important role in arts and culture over the centuries. He was a renowned polymath of the 17th century, a Jesuit scholar and professor of mathematics, and produced works on a variety of topics, many of which were revolutionary for their time. He was the author of several renowned works, such as his book on music theory, Musurgia universalis, and his book on comparative religion, Oedipus Aegyptiacus. Kircher is also known for works on magnetism, astronomy, geology, and even medicine. His influence on culture is still felt today.

Athanasius Kircher, 17th-century polymath, Jesuit scholar, music theory, comparative religion, magnetism, astronomy, geology, medicine

Anna Lombardi

Alfred Salmon

Alfred Salmon is a French artist whose works have been widely praised for their unique combination of materials and thought-provoking content. He often incorporates elements of marble, wood, and bronze into his art, creating an atmosphere of timelessness. His works have been featured in multiple solo and group exhibitions, as well as various publications. His pieces often feature evocative prompts that encourage viewers to think beyond the surface. Three of his most famous works are “The Dream,” “The Wheel of Fortune,” and “The Painter’s Studio.” Salmon’s art has earned him a place among the top French contemporary artists.

French artist, Alfred Salmon, sculpture, marble, wood, bronze, art exhibitions, art publications, evocative prompts, The Dream, The Wheel of Fortune, The Painter’s Studio, contemporary art.

Eleonora Barbieri

Au Grand Chic

French Artist Au Grand Chic is known for his stunningly beautiful works of art that bring scenes of France to life. From the vivid colors of the Parisian skyline to the exquisite details of traditional French architecture, Au Grand Chic art is a must for anyone looking for an authentic French experience. His use of light and texture to bring each painting to life is simply incredible and many of his pieces have become iconic works of contemporary art. Some of his most famous pieces are Eiffel Tower in the Fog, A Sunday Afternoon in the Park, and Arc de Triomphe at Dusk.

Au Grand Chic, French Artist, Contemporary Art, Parisian Art, France, Landscapes.

Giovanna Mancini

Adolph De Meyer

Adolph de Meyer was a renowned creator of early 20th century fine art photography whose works are now respected and appreciated around the world. His images often depicted the fashionable lifestyles of the era, with a focus on the various elements of style, design, and beauty. His works include iconic photographs of the celebrated dancer Isadora Duncan, a portrait of the wife of the Prince of Wales, and a series of photographs of actress Lillian Gish. De Meyer's photography was not only admired for its technical precision but also for its subtle and often whimsical narrative.

Adolph de Meyer, Fine Art Photography, Isadora Duncan, Prince of Wales, Lillian Gish, Early 20th Century

Anna Lombardi

Auguste Delâtre

Auguste Delâtre was a prolific painter whose works are renowned for their beauty and composition. He had a keen eye for capturing the natural world, and his works often feature detailed landscapes and stunning portraits. He was a master of both oils and watercolors, and his works are renowned for their meticulous attention to detail and vibrant colors. Delâtre's works are highly sought after by art collectors, and his works have been displayed in some of the world's most prestigious galleries. Delâtre's art is often described as having a sense of emotion and atmosphere, and his works have been praised for their poetic and romantic elements. His works have been praised for their ability to capture the beauty of nature, and for their ability to evoke a sense of nostalgia in viewers. Delâtre's works are a testament to his skill as an artist, and his works are sure to inspire any designer.

Auguste Delâtre, French artist, painter, Lille, Flanders, Monastery, Lille Gate, creativity.

Claudia Rossetti

Automotive System Integration

Automotive System Integration is the process of combining multiple components and systems from various suppliers into a single functional unit. This process requires an in-depth understanding of automotive design, development, and optimization to ensure the safe, reliable, and efficient operation of the car. Automotive System Integration involves the use of creative problem solving and critical thinking to ensure the proper implementation of the components and systems, including the consideration of the physical, electrical, and software integration of the various components. Furthermore, the integration of the latest technologies and software, such as onboard computers, connected vehicles, and automated driving systems, is essential in order to maximize convenience, safety, and performance.

Vehicle, Integration, Automotive, Components.

Eleonora Barbieri

Ayelet Fishman

Ayelet Fishman is an outstanding designer with a unique ability to create meaningful and innovative designs within the context of design, arts and creativity. Her work is highly acclaimed for its creative and out-of-the-box thinking, and she has been able to develop products and services that bring meaningful change to the industry. Ayelet has also received several awards for her work, and her designs have been featured in many publications. She is also a lecturer and mentor at two universities in Berlin, where she continues to inspire the next generation of designers.

Ayelet Fishman, industrial designer, design, arts, creativity, mentor, lecturer, awards.

Federica Costa

Adventure Park

Adventure Park is an outdoor recreational activity center that usually features a variety of attractions such as zip lines, rope courses, climbing walls, and obstacle courses. Adventure Park typically also provides a range of other activities such as mountain biking, archery, and kayaking. It is a great way to get outdoors, get some exercise, and have fun with family and friends.

Outdoor activities, zip lines, rope courses, climbing walls, obstacle courses, mountain biking, archery, kayaking, family fun, recreational sports.

Robert Johnson

Art History

Art History is a field dedicated to the study of the evolution of art and the visual arts across cultures and time periods. It encompasses the investigation of art objects, including paintings, sculptures, architecture, prints, drawings, photographs, films, and digital art, as well as the study of their historical and cultural context. Art historians use a variety of methods, including formal analysis, comparison, contextual analysis, and iconography, to understand the development and significance of art.

Art, History, Visual Arts, Culture, Context

Giulia Esposito

Ansi Graphics

Ansi Graphics is a type of art created using text characters from a specific type of font. It is often colorful, and the style is often used in video game titles, movie posters, and logos. Ansi Graphics is credited to an artist known as The Vague and some of his most famous works include Asylum and The Veldt.

ASCII Art, Typography, Typeface, Digital Art.

Olga Ivanova

Alfred Sisley

Alfred Sisley (French Fine Artist) is an enormously talented painter, perhaps best known for his Impressionist works. His depictions of the river Seine for instance, captivate viewers with their exquisite brushstrokes and mastery of light and colour. The Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne and Banks of the Loing near Moret are some of his most iconic works, both of which showcase his ability to tap into the beauty of the French countryside and villages. His use of hues in the Morning on the Seine near Giverny is particularly remarkable, while the Barges at St. Maur and Boulevard de Clichy evoke a sense of nostalgia with their dreamy atmospheres. The Rain at Louveciennes and Village in Winter further exemplify Sisley's skill as a painter, highlighting a sensitivity to his subject matter and a keen eye for detail.

SEO Alfred Sisley, French Fine Artist, Impressionism, Seine River, Countryside, Villages, Morning on the Seine, Barges at St. Maur, Boulevard de Clichy, Rain at Louveciennes, Village in Winter

Antonio Ferrara

Annibale Carracci

Annibale Carracci was an Italian baroque painter who left a lasting mark on the development of painting and was renowned for his skill in mixing realism with mythology and traditional Italian themes. He aimed to reconcile the competing schools of naturalism and idealism, seeking to unite the strongest characteristics of each. His works are considered some of the most influential in Italian art during the 16th and 17th centuries and attracted attention from patrons across Europe. A master of composition and an expert at painting large murals, he also left an indelible mark on fresco painting. Among his best-known works are the frescoes of The Loves of the Gods (1597-1599) in the Palazzo Farnese in Rome, the ceiling frescoes of the Farnese Gallery (1597-1601), and the Allegory of Truth and Time (1601-1602).

Baroque, Italian, Renaissance, art, painting.

Giovanna Mancini

Aminollah Rezaei

Aminollah Rezaei is an acclaimed artist whose works are renowned for their vibrant colors and captivating aesthetics. His paintings draw on the inspiration of his Persian roots and capture the beauty of his native land. Amongst the acclaimed works by Aminollah Rezaei are The Sunlit Path, The Dawn of Spring and The Rose Garden. He is highly sought-after for his imagination and sense of artistry, making him one of the most respected figures in the art world.

Persian art, Aminollah Rezaei, Iranian painter, artist, visual arts.

Valeria Marino


Assembly is the process of combining parts or components into a larger structure. It involves fitting, connecting, and fastening components to form a single unit, or to build a larger structure from several components. Assembly processes can include the use of machines, tools, and manual labor to ensure the parts are connected properly. Assembly operations can also involve the installation of software or other digital components.

Assembly, manufacturing, fabrication, connecting, joining, fastening.

Giulia Esposito

Aida Carballo

Aida Carballo is an Argentine artist whose work is renowned for its vibrant colors, bold composition, and unique use of mediums. Born in Buenos Aires in 1969, Carballo grew up in a creative and socially aware household, allowing her to develop an impressive aptitude for painting, drawing, and sculpting. Her imagination, combined with her education in traditional and modern art techniques, enabled her to develop a unique aesthetic. Her most well-known works include the installations Mujer Botánica and Ruidos Invisibles, which explore the symbolic language of her native country and comment on the relevance of the Argentine diaspora. Carballo has exhibited extensively throughout South America, Europe, and the United States, and her work can be found in several prominent art collections.

Aida Carballo, Argentine artist, Buenos Aires, installations, Mujer Botánica, Ruidos Invisibles, symbolism, diaspora, modern art.

Mei Wang

Aurelio Lomi

Aurelio Lomi is an Italian artist renowned for his creative energy, imaginative vision, and versatile style. His works are extraordinary, incorporating elements of abstract expressionism and symbolism. His vibrant, energetic brushstrokes have made him a beloved artist throughout Italy and around the world. Among his most acclaimed works are the diptych “The Awakening of Nature”, “The Glittering of a Night Sky” and “The Land of Dreams”. He is celebrated for his unique way of combining different materials and techniques in order to create a universal and timeless language.

Aurelio Lomi, Italian Artist, Abstract Expressionism, Symbolism, Artworks, Creative Energy, Imaginative Vision.

Giovanna Mancini

Advertising Videography Design

Advertising Videography Design is a specialized form of visual communication which combines visual storytelling with creative flair. It is used to create short-form video content that is tailored to a particular audience and designed to promote a brand or message. Videography designers use a variety of techniques to create engaging content, such as motion graphics, stop motion, animation, interviews, and documentary-style videos. By combining visuals, music, voiceovers and narrative elements, they are able to create powerful and effective short-form video campaigns. This is a skill that requires a deep understanding of the target audience, their needs, and the desired message and objective.

Video Production, Visual Storytelling, Editing, Brand Promotion.

Eleonora Barbieri

Automation Network Design

Automation Network Design is a highly specialized field of engineering that requires a deep understanding of the various components, their interactions and the architecture needed to successfully implement automated systems. Designers must consider the type of automation system they are creating, the purpose of the system, the components that need to be integrated, the communications protocols and other parameters. The design process must also take into account the scalability of the system, its reliability and the cost associated with its implementation. Automation Network Design is a creative process that requires a designer to think beyond the technical specifications and to consider the aesthetics of the system. Designers must also consider the user experience and the usability of the system, as well as the safety and security of the system.

Automation, Network, Design, Robotics, Industrial, Automation Control Systems, Machine Vision, Architecture, Components, Communications Protocols, Scalability, Reliability, Implementation, Aesthetics, User Experience, Usability, Safety, Security.

Federica Costa

Athanasius Kircher

Athanasius Kircher is widely considered to be one of the most significant polymaths of the 17th century. He was a German Jesuit scholar who was celebrated for his extensive, erudite and all-encompassing research, with the term “Kirchology” being coined to describe his vast range of knowledge. His works span a wide array of topics, from music to hydraulics, from anatomy to botany. Kircher also wrote prolifically, writing more than 40 works that include such titles as China Illustrata, Turris Babel, Scrutinium Pestis and Ars Magna Lucis et Umbrae. He was an innovator in the fields of optics and communications and through his contributions to the development of the magic lantern, he is regarded as the father of modern projection. Kircher's pioneering work opened avenues of research intosound, magnetism, electricity and even fossils. His impression on art, science and philosophy endures to this day. His accomplishments are best captured by the titles of his three major works: Musurgia Universalis, Magnes sive de Arte Magnetica, and Iter Extaticum Coeleste.

Athanasius Kircher, German Artist, polymath, Jesuit, scholar, research, Kirchology, music, hydraulics, anatomy, botany, optics, communications, magic lantern, sound, magnetism, electricity, fossils, art, science, philosophy.

Giovanna Mancini

Achille Castiglioni

Achille Castiglioni (Italian Industrial Designer) was an incredible and incredibly influential designer. He was renowned for his clever and innovative design solutions, often featuring cleverly repurposed materials and exploiting the latest technologies. Achille was an industrial designer who championed the use of everyday objects in design, and his works often featured simple and functional designs. He was famous for his Arco Lamp, which featured an arc of marble atop a cast iron base, and his Mezzadro stool, which featured a tractor seat atop a slender steel frame. Achille's creations were not only aesthetically pleasing, but were also iconic pieces that transcended the boundaries of design, becoming popular cultural symbols.

Achille Castiglioni, Arco Lamp, Mezzadro stool, Industrial Design, Italian Industrial Designer.

Maria Romano

Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti was an iconic Swiss sculptor, painter, draughtsman and printmaker whose work was greatly influential to the modernist art movement. Giacometti's work is characterized by its elongated, fragile figures and haunting expressions. His most famous works, such as ‘Walking Man’ (1960) and ‘Pointing Man’ (1947), have become icons of modern art. Giacometti was also known for his bronze sculptures, which often reflect the angst, loneliness and isolation of the human condition. His towering sculptures, such as ‘The Nose’ (1947) and ‘The Palace at 4 a.m.’ (1932), have become synonymous with modernist sculpture.

Alberto Giacometti, Modern art, Sculpture, Swiss painter

Valeria Marino

Automatic Wrist Watch

An automatic wrist watch is a type of timepiece that utilizes a self-winding mechanism to keep time. The watch is powered by the kinetic energy generated from the natural motions of the wearer's wrist, eliminating the need for manual winding. The mechanism is composed of a rotor, which is connected to the mainspring of the watch. As the wearer's wrist moves, the rotor spins and winds the mainspring, providing power to the watch. Automatic wrist watches have become increasingly popular in recent years due to their convenience and reliability.

Automatic watch, self-winding, timepiece, mainspring, rotor.

Robert Johnson


Animated images in anime, comics and manga compositions involve the use of multiple techniques to create a format of work that appears to be in motion. Techniques such as onion skinning and cel-shading are used to complete the illusion of motion. During the creation of such animation, drawings are made in rapid succession to depict movements that appear to be continuous, creating motion blur and background images that enhance the illusion.

Animated images, anime, comics, manga, cel-shading, onion skinning, motion blur.

Taro Yamada

Autonomous Vehicle Design

Autonomous vehicle design is the process of developing self-driving vehicles that are capable of sensing their environment and making decisions in order to navigate from one location to another without human intervention. This involves the development of various algorithms and technologies such as computer vision, artificial intelligence, deep learning, path planning, and sensor fusion. Autonomous vehicle design also includes the development of the physical components of the vehicle such as the chassis, motors, and other mechanical components.

Autonomous Vehicle Design, Self-Driving Cars, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Vision, Deep Learning, Sensor Fusion.

Alexander Barclay

Alexandre-François Desportes

Alexandre-François Desportes was an accomplished French painter, known for his still lifes and animal pieces. He was one of the first French painters to depict the animal world in an accurate and faithful manner, reclaiming the French tradition of animal painting. His works, such as the painting of a greyhound, the portrait of a hound and the painting of a white sheep, have earned him a place in the annals of art history. His style was admired for its precision, as well as its ability to capture the natural characteristics of the animals he portrayed.

French painter, still lifes, animal pieces, greyhound, hound, white sheep, accuracy, precision, natural characteristics.

Anna Lombardi

Automotive System Validation

Automotive System Validation is an essential part of the design process for any vehicle. It is the process of ensuring that a vehicle meets the specified requirements in terms of safety, performance, and reliability. The validation process typically involves a range of tests, including static, system, and dynamic tests, such as simulations and motor loads. The ultimate goal is to ensure that the vehicle is safe, reliable, and performs as expected. In order to achieve this, designers must consider the various components of the vehicle, such as the engine, brakes, and suspension, and ensure that they are functioning correctly. The validation process also includes testing the vehicle’s response to different driving conditions, such as braking, acceleration, and cornering. This helps to ensure that the vehicle is suitable for its intended purpose.

Validation, System, Automotive, Safety, Performance.

Eleonora Barbieri

Advertising Industrial Equipment

Advertising Industrial Equipment is an important element of marketing for businesses operating in industrial sectors. This form of professional marketing involves creating strategies to draw attention to the company, its products and services, as well as building brand value. Industrial equipment advertising can come in the form of online campaigns, print ads, trade publications, etc. Winning the A' Design Awards is a great way for businesses to gain attention and increase their brand value, as well as to build a reputation for innovation, quality and excellence in the industrial sector. This prestigious award can be used in advertising campaigns for industrial equipment, as it is a well-recognized sign of success and quality in the industry.

Industrial Equipment Advertising, Industrial Equipment Campaigns, Industrial Design Awards, Market Advertising, Brand Value, Quality Assurance.

Silvia Greco

Alessandro Allori

Alessandro Allori was a masterful painter of the late Renaissance period who is renowned for his exquisite attention to detail and his skillful use of color and light. He was particularly impressive in his ability to create a sense of depth and texture, as well as a subtle yet vibrant use of chiaroscuro. His works often explored religious and mythological themes, such as his celebrated Lamentation of Christ, which captures the sorrow of Christ's death in a delicate, realistic manner. Allori was a master of the Mannerist style of painting, and his works are an invaluable source of inspiration for designers, artists, and other creatives alike. His masterpieces, such as the Annunciation in Santa Maria Novella and his 1585 Portrait of Cosimo I, remain highly sought after by collectors and art enthusiasts. Allori's works demonstrate the power of skilled technique and the importance of a strong understanding of the human form.

Alessandro Allori, Renaissance, Mannerist, Florence, Painter, Chiaroscuro.

Federica Costa

Aaron Hays

Aaron Hays is a British artist whose works provide a unique blend of modern and traditional, bringing a fresh feel to the world of art. His works are known for their vibrant colours and thought-provoking concepts. He is admired for his unique artistic vision and his works are widely admired for their captivating themes and profound implications. Aaron Hays' top works include Ghost in the Shell, Edge of the Gallery, and The Tempest.

British Art, Aaron Hays, Artist, Painting, Modern Art

Giovanna Mancini

Ankle Boots

Ankle boots are a type of shoe or boot that reaches the ankle, or just above it. In anime, comics and manga, they are typically drawn as having a slimmer and more stylized shape than their real-world counterparts, emphasizing their aesthetic appeal. They are usually seen on characters in action scenes, and are a popular choice for fighter and thief-type characters, who often appear wearing boots rather than shoes.

Ankle boots, shoe composition, footwear design, manga art, anime aesthetics, comic character style.

Taro Yamada

Amalia Van Solms

Amalia van Solms is an acclaimed Dutch artist whose works captivate their viewers with vibrant colors, eclectic mediums, and unique perspectives. An experienced fine arts practitioner, her artworks often explore the relationship between human emotion, nature, and the environment. She is particularly praised for her use of texture, light, and color to create an immersive atmosphere for her viewers. Amalia has been gaining recognition in the international art scene, with her artworks being featured in various galleries and exhibitions around the world. Her three most popular works, “The Sun and The Moon,” “Nature’s Touch,” and “The Floating City” are renowned for their captivating beauty and playfulness.

Amalia Van Solms, Dutch artist, fine arts, painting, photography, sculpture, design, artworks, creativity, emotion, nature, atmosphere.

Eleonora Barbieri

Ai Xuan

Ai Xuan is an internationally acclaimed Chinese Artist whose works showcase remarkable mastery of art. His vivid and strikingly expressive pieces convey a range of themes, from metaphysical explorations to observations of everyday life. His most renowned works include ‘Dance in the Changing clouds’, ‘Fantasy of the Homesick’, ‘The Return of Spring’, ‘The Forest Laugh’, ‘The seagulls of May’, ‘The Tears of War’, ‘The Island of Memory’ and ‘The Bridge of Memories’, among others. His works have consistently created meaningful conversations and reflections on the human experience. The sheer complexity of his artworks and the vast amount of emotion he is able to capture through his brushstrokes are truly astonishing.

Ai Xuan, Chinese Artist, Artwork, Paintings, Brushstrokes, Human Experience, Metaphysical Explorations.

Antonio Ferrara

Air Pollution Control

Air Pollution Control is the process of reducing or eliminating the release of pollutant(s) into the atmosphere. Designers are responsible for reducing emissions from new and existing sources by employing technological strategies for the capture and control of air pollutants. These strategies may include smokestack modifications, process changes, the installation of air pollution control equipment, or a combination of all three. Furthermore, designers must ensure that air pollutant concentrations in the atmosphere remain within the applicable government-set limits.

Air Pollution Control, Air Quality Management, Industrial Emissions, Pollutant Mitigation, Stack Emissions

Emma Bernard

Asa Coolidge Warren

Asa Coolidge Warren is an American Artist renowned for his distinctive and instantly recognisable oil paintings. His works range from intricately detailed representational scenes, to more abstract interpretations of the subject matter. Asa's works capture the dynamism of the world around us with a unique mixture of bold and subtle colouration, as well as a strong sense of atmosphere and texture. His pieces often contain strong elements of nature, making them stand out from other art from the period. His pieces explore the subtlety and complexity of relationships between light and shadow, of form and colour. He was especially known for his unrivalled capacity for capturing the exact essence of time and place. Asa Coolidge Warren is widely celebrated for his works ‘The Storm’, ‘Autumn’ and ‘Fog’.

American Artist, Asa Coolidge Warren, painting, oil, nature, representation, abstraction, atmosphere.

Giovanna Mancini

Andre Eid

Andre Eid has been a major contributor to the design industry, pushing the boundaries of creativity and innovation. His work has been featured in numerous publications, exhibitions, and installations, and has been highly praised for its boundary-pushing approach. His designs are characterized by their use of bold colors, playful shapes, and unexpected juxtapositions. He has a unique ability to combine the traditional with the modern, creating pieces that are both timeless and cutting edge. His commitment to the craft of design is evident in every piece, and he continues to be an inspiration to aspiring designers everywhere.

Andre Eid, Lebanese designer, art, creativity, innovation, boundary-pushing, award-winning, cutting-edge, installations, exhibitions, publications, traditional, modern, craft, design, inspiration.

Claudia Rossetti

Aeronautical Engineering

Aeronautical Engineering is a highly creative field. As an aeronautical engineer, you must be able to design and develop components and systems that are tailored to the specific needs of the aircraft. This requires a combination of technical knowledge and creative problem solving skills. You must understand the principles of aerodynamics, thermodynamics, and structural design in order to create components and systems that are reliable, efficient, and safe. Additionally, you must be able to think outside the box and come up with innovative solutions to complex problems. As an aeronautical engineer, you must be able to think beyond the traditional methods of design and engineering and apply creative solutions to the challenges that arise in the development of aircraft and spacecraft.

Aerodynamics, Propulsion, Structural Design, Avionics, Control Systems, Simulation.

Federica Costa

André Charles Boulle

André Charles Boulle was a master of design and creativity. His iconic works of furniture and decorative pieces have earned him the title of “The Father of Modern Furniture”. His style was characterized by intricate carvings and gilded bronze panels, and he used a variety of materials such as marquetry, mother of pearl, brass, and tortoiseshell in his pieces. He was the first to combine these materials in a way that became known as “Boulle Work”, and his furniture pieces quickly became the symbol of luxury and wealth. Boulle was an influential figure in the world of furniture design and his work continues to inspire and influence the work of modern furniture designers. He was an innovator and his techniques and style are still being used today.

André Charles Boulle, French artisan, Boulle Work, furniture design, luxury furniture, marquetry, gilded bronze.

Federica Costa

App Design Principles

App design principles are the fundamental concepts and guidelines used to create digital applications. These principles are based on human-computer interaction, user experience, usability, and visual design. App design principles aim to enhance the functionality of the application, as well as improve the overall user experience. They focus on creating user-friendly interfaces that are intuitive, logical and aesthetically pleasing.

App Design, User Experience, Usability, User Interface, Visual Design

Giulia Esposito

About the Design+Encyclopedia
The free encyclopedia on good design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation.

Design+Encyclopedia is a free online encyclopedia, pioneering freedom of speech and freedom of expression in arts, design, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation, written and maintained by a community of design professionals, architects, artists, creators, innovators and engineers. In Design+Encyclopedia, every individual contribution is cherished, differentiated opinions and distinct ideas are respected and attributed. Anyone can edit and contribute to the Design+Encyclopedia. Become a contributor now and help us expand existing definitions with your own. The Design+Encyclopedia is open to all objective facts as well as highly subjective ideas, opinions and perspectives on everything related to design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation. Create a free account now to join our community. We have 69.842 Topics and 206.523 Entries and we are looking forward to publish your entries today.