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From Design+Encyclopedia, the free encyclopedia on good design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation.
Highlight of the Day
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Adulty Toy Awards

Adulty Toy Awards provide an invaluable platform for designers to demonstrate their creativity and expertise in the field of adult pleasure products. The awards are judged by a panel of independent experts who are knowledgeable in the area of adult pleasure products and seek to recognize the best products on the market. Designers are able to showcase their unique vision for adult pleasure products and receive recognition for their work from both peers and industry experts. The awards are also a great opportunity for designers to collaborate with each other and create products that are safe, high-quality, and provide users with a pleasurable experience.

Adulty Toys, Pleasure Products, Designers, Awards, Innovation.

Eleonora Barbieri

Adjacent Site

Adjacent Site is a term used in the field of architecture to describe two or more plots of land that are adjacent to each other, either physically or through a legal boundary. This term is often used when discussing the layout of a building or development on a particular piece of land. The term can also refer to the surrounding environment of a building, such as the nearby streets, sidewalks, and parks. In this context, it is important to consider the impact of the architecture on the adjacent site, as well as the impact of the adjacent site on the architecture. It is also important to consider the potential for shared resources or services between the two sites.

Proximity, Connection, Relationship, Context, Accessibility

Michael Adams

Adam Olearius

Adam Olearius is a German artist whose works have been highly acclaimed for their ability to capture the complexity of life and the human experience. He is known for his unique use of color, which he combines with a variety of textures and materials to create vibrant, multilayered compositions. His works often explore themes of human suffering, morality, identity, and spirituality, which helps to create an atmosphere of contemplation and introspection. Olearius is also known for his use of symbolism, which he often uses to express the beauty and fragility of life. His works are often praised for their ability to evoke emotion in the viewer, and his pieces have been featured in multiple international exhibitions and shows. He is an innovator in the field of art, and his works are a testament to the power of creativity and imagination.

Adam Olearius, German artist, painting, creativity, art, symbolism.

Federica Costa

Antonio Virga

Antonio Virga is a renowned Italian architect whose contributions to the field of architecture are celebrated worldwide. He is known for his unique approach to design, which combines traditional elements with modern aesthetics to create structures that are both functional and visually stunning. Virga's works are characterized by their intricate patterns, luxurious materials, and attention to detail, which have earned him a reputation as a master of his craft. Virga's portfolio includes a wide range of projects, from the restoration of ancient Italian cities to the creation of innovative residential complexes. He is particularly adept at designing structures that meet the practical needs of an ever-changing society while also pushing the boundaries of design. His works are appreciated for their sophistication, elegance, and timeless beauty, as well as their ability to harmonize with their surroundings. One of Virga's most notable contributions to the field of architecture is his emphasis on sustainability. He believes that architects have a responsibility to design structures that are environmentally friendly and that promote sustainable living. To this end, he has incorporated sustainable materials and energy-efficient technologies into many of his designs, creating structures that are both beautiful and eco-friendly. Virga's passion for architecture is evident in every aspect of his work. He is constantly exploring new possibilities and pushing the boundaries of design, always striving to create structures that are both functional and visually stunning. His contributions to the field of architecture have left a lasting legacy, and his iconic structures continue to inspire architects and designers around the world.

Italian architect, traditional elements, modern aesthetics, intricate patterns, luxurious materials, attention to detail, sustainability, eco-friendly, functional, visually stunning

Joshua Wilson

Architectural History And Theory

Architectural history and theory is a field of study that explores the evolution of architecture and its underlying principles. It encompasses the study of various architectural styles, movements, and their cultural, social, and political contexts. The field also examines the theoretical frameworks that have influenced architectural design and the way architects have responded to the changing needs of society. The study of architectural history and theory involves an interdisciplinary approach that draws on various fields such as art history, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, and cultural studies. It seeks to understand the ways in which architecture reflects and shapes cultural values, beliefs, and practices. It also explores the role of architects as cultural producers and the ways in which they have contributed to the development of society. One of the key areas of focus in architectural history and theory is the study of architectural styles and movements. This involves the examination of the formal characteristics of buildings, such as their materials, forms, and ornamentation, as well as their historical and cultural contexts. Some of the major architectural styles and movements that have been studied include Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Modernism, and Postmodernism. Another important aspect of architectural history and theory is the study of architectural theory and criticism. This involves the examination of the ideas and concepts that have influenced architectural design, such as functionalism, structuralism, post-structuralism, and deconstruction. It also involves the critical evaluation of architectural works, including their social, cultural, and environmental impact. In summary, architectural history and theory is a field of study that explores the evolution of architecture and its underlying principles. It encompasses the study of various architectural styles, movements, and their cultural, social, and political contexts, as well as the theoretical frameworks that have influenced architectural design. The field seeks to understand the ways in which architecture reflects and shapes cultural values, beliefs, and practices, and the role of architects as cultural producers.

architecture, history, theory, styles, movements

Nicholas Anderson


The word Adesign has a complex etymological, historical, morphological and pragmatic history. In its raw form, the word dates back to early Latin, when it was first seen in the form of the word ad signum. Over time, it has mutated and changed to its current form, ultimately becoming associated with the notion of creative design. Morphologically, the word breaks down into two distinct parts: the prefix 'a-' and the root 'design'. The prefix root carries with it the implications of something extrinsic, adding or affixing to a given object or concept. The root itself, design, relates to a process of creating or forming something. When brought together in the context of Adesign, this effectively conveys the notion of crafting something exogenously, or outside of a given base concept or entity. This can be seen as directly related to the current trend towards contextual design, in which elements are carefully crafted to create a greater holistic effect.

Etymological, Morphological, Historical, Pragmatics, Evolution.

Henry Fontaine

Albert Flamen

Albert Flamen is a highly acclaimed Flemish artist with a brilliant and magnificent portfolio of works that explore and depict the beauty of nature. His subjects are mainly landscapes, seascapes and still lifes, executed with tremendous technical ability. The artist's paintings feature often highly detailed observation of nature, as well as a remarkable sensitivity for tones and color harmonies. Albert Flamen's paintings are often filled with light and life, having a beautiful and metaphorical quality. His well-known works include The Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris, The Approach of the City at Night and An October Morning.

Flemish Artist, Albert Flamen, Paintings, Landscapes, Seascapes, Still Lifes, Light, Nature, Tones, Color Harmonies

Giovanna Mancini

Armature Sculpture

Armature Sculpture is a three-dimensional form of art created by adding and/or subtracting materials, such as clay, plaster, metal and wood, to a metal framework called an armature. The armature provides the structure and stability for the artist's vision to come to life. Sculptors use a variety of tools and techniques to shape, cut, and form the materials, such as chisels, hammers, saws and carving knives, to create their desired result. Armature Sculpture is often used to represent a range of art forms and art movements, from realism to abstract art.

Sculpting, Armature, Framework, Materials, Art Forms

Valentina Costanzo

Andrea Riccio

Andrea Riccio was an outstanding figure in the history of art and design. He was an Italian sculptor and medalist, who lived and worked in the 15th century. He is renowned for his remarkable bronze sculptures, which were highly influential in the Italian Renaissance. His sculptures often featured motifs from classical antiquity and were celebrated for their precision and intricate detail. Riccio also produced a number of bronze reliefs and marble tombs, which were widely admired for their artistry and technical skill. Riccio’s works were highly influential in shaping the course of European art history, and he remains an important figure in the history of art and design.

Andrea Riccio, Italian sculptor, bronze sculptures, Renaissance art, medalist, marble tombs.

Claudia Rossetti

Alwin Schultz

Alwin Schultz is widely recognized as a master of German art in the twentieth century. His works often blend elements of realism and abstraction in order to create thought-provoking pieces that explore the mundane aspects of life. He often uses light to express the transience of life and the ever-changing nature of the world around us. His pieces are known for their vibrancy and their ability to capture the everyday beauty of life. Alwin Schultz’s works are often characterized by a whimsical and playful touch that adds an extra layer of depth to his pieces. His works are celebrated for their originality and their ability to express complex ideas in a simple and straightforward way. He continues to be an inspiration to designers, artists and creatives alike, for his unique and innovative approach to art.

Alwin Schultz, German artist, 20th century, realism, abstraction, light, vibrancy, whimsical, originality, expression, design, art, creativity.

Federica Costa

Art, Architecture And Design For Resource Management

Art, Architecture, and Design for Resource Management is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on the sustainable use and management of natural resources through creative and innovative approaches. This field combines the principles of art, architecture, and design with environmental science, engineering, and policy to address the challenges of resource depletion, pollution, and climate change. Art, Architecture, and Design for Resource Management encompasses a wide range of practices, from designing green buildings and sustainable landscapes to creating public art installations that raise awareness about environmental issues. It involves the use of renewable materials, energy-efficient technologies, and sustainable design strategies to reduce the environmental impact of human activities. One of the key principles of Art, Architecture, and Design for Resource Management is the concept of “cradle-to-cradle” design, which emphasizes the reuse and recycling of materials to minimize waste and reduce the need for new resources. This approach involves designing products, buildings, and landscapes that can be disassembled and repurposed at the end of their useful life, rather than being discarded as waste. Another important aspect of Art, Architecture, and Design for Resource Management is the integration of natural systems into the built environment. This involves designing buildings and landscapes that mimic the natural processes of the surrounding ecosystem, such as using green roofs and rain gardens to manage stormwater runoff, or incorporating native plants and wildlife habitats into urban areas. Overall, Art, Architecture, and Design for Resource Management is a dynamic and evolving field that seeks to balance human needs and desires with the finite resources of the planet. By combining creativity, innovation, and environmental science, this field offers a promising approach to creating a more sustainable and resilient future.

sustainable design, cradle-to-cradle, renewable materials, green buildings, natural systems

Patrick Lewis

Architecture In Syrian Arab Republic

Architecture in the Syrian Arab Republic has a long and varied history, and has been shaped by the many different cultures and civilizations that have called it home over the centuries. From the earliest days of the Ancient Near East to the present day, Syrian architecture has reflected the changing social, political, and religious climates of the region. The major architectural movements, styles, and aesthetics that have emerged in the Syrian Arab Republic throughout its history can be divided into four distinct periods: pre-Islamic, Islamic, Ottoman, and modern. During the pre-Islamic period, the region was home to a number of distinct architectural styles, including the Greco-Roman and Syriac styles, which featured ornate stone facades and large colonnaded courtyards. During the Islamic period, the region saw the emergence of the Umayyad style, which featured intricate geometric patterns and vibrant colors. During the Ottoman period, the region saw the emergence of the Baroque style, which was characterized by elaborate stonework and elaborate decorative elements. Finally, during the modern period, the region has seen the emergence of contemporary architectural styles, such as the International Style and Deconstructivism. Overall, Syrian architecture has been shaped by its rich history and the many cultures that have called it home.

Syrian, Islamic, Ottoman, Greco-Roman, Syriac, Umayyad, Baroque, International, Deconstructivism

Anika Singh

Ammar Kalo

Ammar Kalo is a highly acclaimed architect and designer from the United Arab Emirates who has gained international recognition for his innovative approach to design. He is known for his unique blend of digital fabrication techniques and traditional craftsmanship, which has earned him numerous prestigious awards such as the KUKA Young Potential Award and the Silver A' Design Award for Furniture Design in 2014. Kalo's design philosophy is centered around the idea of creating meaningful and memorable works that challenge people's preconceptions of design. He is committed to pushing the boundaries of design and creativity, and his passion for innovation is evident in everything he does. Kalo's approach to design is highly methodical, and he utilizes a variety of research and problem-solving methods to achieve the desired outcome. Kalo's work is characterized by its ability to bridge the gap between abstract ideas and practical applications. He is a master of color and typography, and his designs are renowned for their innovative approach to form and function. Kalo is constantly exploring new fabrication processes and materials, and his commitment to staying ahead of the curve in design, technology, and trends makes him a valued member of any creative team. In addition to his work as an architect and designer, Kalo is also an inspiring lecturer who is dedicated to sharing his knowledge and expertise with the next generation of designers. He has delivered numerous lectures and workshops at leading universities and institutions around the world, and his insights into the world of design are highly sought after by students and professionals alike. Overall, Ammar Kalo is a highly respected and influential figure in the world of design. His unique blend of digital fabrication techniques and traditional craftsmanship, combined with his passion for innovation and creativity, have earned him a well-deserved reputation as one of the most talented and visionary designers of his generation.

Ammar Kalo, architect, designer, digital fabrication, craftsmanship, innovation

Kevin Harris

Airline Seats Containing A Massage Function

Airline seats containing a massage function are a type of seating found on some commercial airlines that offer passengers a more comfortable and relaxing travel experience. These seats are equipped with built-in massage features that can help alleviate the discomfort and stress that can be associated with long flights. The massage function is typically controlled by a remote or a touchscreen display, allowing passengers to customize the intensity and location of the massage. The massage function in airline seats can vary in terms of the type of massage it provides. Some seats may offer a simple vibration massage, while others may offer more advanced massage techniques such as shiatsu or rolling massage. The massage function is typically integrated into the seat itself, with the massage nodes or rollers located within the backrest and seat cushion. Airline seats containing a massage function are often found in premium cabins, such as business or first class. These seats are designed to provide a more luxurious travel experience, with additional features such as lie-flat beds, increased legroom, and enhanced entertainment systems. However, some airlines may also offer massage seats in economy class as an added amenity for passengers. While airline seats containing a massage function can provide a more comfortable travel experience, it is important to note that they may not be suitable for all passengers. Individuals with certain medical conditions, such as back problems or circulatory issues, should consult with a doctor before using the massage function.

airline seats, massage function, commercial airlines, long flights, premium cabins

Jonathan Lewis

Aaron Douglas

Aaron Douglas was an incredibly influential artist whose work not only shaped the Harlem Renaissance, but also had a lasting impact on the African American art world. He was a pioneer in the use of abstract expressionism and cubism to create powerful works that explored themes such as race, identity, and African American history. His iconic style combined elements of African and European influences, and his works often depicted powerful, symbolic imagery. Douglas was also an influential teacher, and his students went on to become some of the most important artists of the 20th century. His influence on the art world is undeniable, and his legacy lives on in the many galleries and institutions that feature his works.

Aaron Douglas, African American artist, Harlem Renaissance, modern art, abstract expressionism, cubism, symbolism, identity, race, history, teacher, influence, legacy, galleries, institutions.

Federica Costa

Augmented Reality For Art

Augmented Reality for Art refers to the use of technology to enhance the viewing experience of art. Through the use of digital devices, viewers can see art in a new and interactive way. When designing augmented reality for art, it is essential to consider several criteria. First, the technology should complement and enhance the artwork without detracting from it or becoming the focus of the experience. Second, the technology should be user-friendly and intuitive, providing an immersive experience that is easy to navigate. Third, the augmented reality should be aesthetically pleasing and integrate seamlessly with the artwork. Finally, the technology should be accessible to all viewers, regardless of their technical expertise or familiarity with augmented reality. To create a successful augmented reality experience, artists and designers can experiment with a range of techniques, including 3D modeling, projection mapping, and interactive installations. They can also incorporate sound, video, and other sensory elements to create a fully immersive and multidimensional experience for the viewer. Ultimately, augmented reality for art offers endless possibilities for artists and designers to explore, pushing the boundaries of traditional art forms and creating new experiences that engage and inspire viewers.

Art, technology, interactive, immersive, multidimensional

Mark Hall

Avery Coffey Danziger

Avery Coffey Danziger is an accomplished American artist whose work spans across various mediums, including painting, printmaking, and mixed media. Born in New York City in 1971, Danziger has garnered critical acclaim for her technical proficiency and creative use of illumination in both indoor and outdoor settings. Her vibrant use of colors and dynamic compositions have been noted by critics, who have praised her ability to capture the modern experience of urban living while exploring the close relationship between nature and humanity. Danziger's work often explores themes of liberation and empowerment, with pieces such as Rise Up! and Escape from the City capturing a sense of freedom and movement. Her mixed media mural, Human Nature, uses bold colors and intricate patterns to explore the connection between humanity and the natural world. Danziger's unique approach to art has earned her numerous solo exhibitions and awards, solidifying her place as a celebrated artist in the contemporary art world. Beyond her artistic accomplishments, Danziger is also known for her philanthropic work, using her art to raise awareness and funds for various charitable causes. Her dedication to using her talents for the greater good has earned her a reputation as not only a talented artist but also a compassionate and socially conscious individual.

American artist, painting, printmaking, mixed media, technical proficiency, illumination, urban living, nature, liberation, empowerment, philanthropy, charitable causes

Nicholas Anderson

Architecture Of Palau

The architecture of Palau is a reflection of the nation's diverse cultural and historical influences. Palau has a rich architectural heritage that spans from pre-contact traditional indigenous structures to the modern designs of the mid-20th century. The earliest architectural evidence in Palau dates back to the pre-contact period when the Palauan people constructed dwellings from native materials such as wood, bamboo, and thatch. During the colonial period, Spanish, German, and Japanese influences began to shape the architecture of Palau, with the introduction of new materials and technologies. The post-World War II era saw a surge of modernist and internationalist architecture, with buildings such as the Palau International Coral Reef Center and the Palau National Congress Building showcasing a contemporary aesthetic. In recent years, Palauan architecture has returned to its traditional roots with the use of traditional materials and techniques, such as the revival of the traditional Palauan house known as the ‘bai’. One unique aspect of Palauan architecture is the use of coral stones, which are abundant in the region. The traditional Palauan house, the ‘bai’, is constructed using coral stones and wood, with a thatched roof. The ‘bai’ is a communal structure that serves as a meeting place for the community and is often adorned with carvings and paintings that depict Palauan legends and myths. Another important architectural feature in Palau is the ‘badel’, a stone platform that serves as a foundation for the ‘bai’ and other traditional structures. The ‘badel’ is constructed using coral stones and is often decorated with intricate carvings and designs. Palauan architecture also incorporates elements of sustainability and environmental consciousness. The Palau International Coral Reef Center, for example, is designed to be energy-efficient and utilizes renewable energy sources such as solar power. The center also incorporates sustainable design features such as rainwater harvesting and wastewater treatment. In summary, the architecture of Palau is a unique blend of traditional, colonial, and modern elements that reflects the nation's rich cultural heritage. The use of coral stones and sustainable design features are important aspects of Palauan architecture. The ‘bai’ and ‘badel’ are traditional structures that are still used today and serve as important cultural symbols for the Palauan people.

Palau, architecture, traditional, coral stones, sustainability

Joseph Walker

Arent Van Bolten

Arent van Bolten was a highly influential figure in the late Renaissance period, and his artwork has been praised for its intricate compositions, sensitive use of colour and attention to detail. His works often depicted religious scenes and narratives, and he used religious iconography to great effect, creating powerful images that evoke a strong emotional response. His figures demonstrate an impressive level of skill and his paintings often hint at a unique modern sensibility. His works, such as Christ and the Adultress, St. Jerome in His Study, and The Miracle of St. Martin, have become iconic images of the period and remain highly sought after today. To modern day designers and creatives, van Bolten's work is a source of inspiration and a reminder of the power of art to evoke emotion and convey complex ideas. Van Bolten's works are characterized by a sensitive use of color, intricate compositions, and a unique modern sensibility that transcends the traditional boundaries of the Renaissance period. His skillful use of religious iconography and attention to detail make his works a timeless reminder of the power of art to evoke emotion and convey complex ideas.

Arent Van Bolten, Renaissance artist, religious iconography, emotive art, evocative figures, modern sensibility, complex compositions

Eleonora Barbieri

Autonomous Weaponry

Autonomous Weaponry is increasingly becoming more sophisticated and capable, with the rise of artificial intelligence (AI) technology and the development of machine learning algorithms. This technology can be used to automate the process of decision-making and operations, allowing machines to select and attack targets without the need for human input. Autonomous Weaponry is an area of great potential for designers within the context of design, arts, and creativity. By harnessing the power of AI, designers can explore and develop new forms of weaponry which can be used to defend or attack targets autonomously with greater accuracy and precision. In addition, autonomous weapon systems can be designed to protect civilians, with AI algorithms able to detect and differentiate between combatants and non-combatants.

Autonomous, Weaponry, AI, Robotics, Machine Learning.

Claudia Rossetti

Aircraft Flight Control System Design

Aircraft Flight Control System Design is a highly specialized field of engineering that encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including aerodynamics, structural analysis, avionics, and human factors. The primary goal of this field is to design and develop flight control systems that enable aircraft to fly safely and efficiently. This involves taking into account a variety of factors, such as the aircraft's size, weight, speed, and intended use, as well as the environmental conditions in which it will be flown. One of the key aspects of Aircraft Flight Control System Design is the development of control surfaces, such as ailerons, elevators, and rudders, that enable the pilot to control the aircraft's movement in the air. These surfaces must be carefully designed to provide the necessary lift, drag, and stability required for safe flight. Additionally, designers must consider the use of advanced technologies, such as fly-by-wire systems, which use electronic signals to control the aircraft's movement, rather than traditional mechanical linkages. Another important aspect of Aircraft Flight Control System Design is the integration of avionics systems, such as autopilot and navigation systems, into the aircraft's control system. These systems must be designed to work seamlessly with the flight control system, providing the pilot with accurate and reliable information about the aircraft's position, speed, and altitude. Additionally, designers must consider the use of advanced sensors, such as radar and GPS, to provide real-time information about the aircraft's surroundings. Human factors are also a critical aspect of Aircraft Flight Control System Design. Designers must consider the pilot's physical and mental capabilities, as well as their workload and situational awareness, when developing the aircraft's control system. This involves designing controls and displays that are intuitive and easy to use, as well as providing the pilot with clear and concise information about the aircraft's status. In summary, Aircraft Flight Control System Design is a complex and multidisciplinary field that requires a deep understanding of aerodynamics, structural analysis, avionics, and human factors. Designers must carefully consider a wide range of factors when developing flight control systems, including control surfaces, avionics systems, and human factors. By doing so, they can ensure that aircraft are able to fly safely and efficiently in a variety of environments and conditions.

aerodynamics, structural analysis, avionics, control surfaces, fly-by-wire systems, autopilot, navigation systems, sensors, human factors, workload

Thomas Smith

Art In Belarus

The art of Belarus is a reflection of the country's rich cultural heritage, shaped by a variety of historical, social, and technological forces. Belarusian art is characterized by its unique blend of Eastern European and Russian influences, vivid colors, and a wide range of art movements, styles, and aesthetics that emerged in different periods. In recent years, the Belarusian art scene has been thriving, with a growing number of young artists and art collectives emerging. Many of these artists are exploring new forms of expression, experimenting with different mediums, and pushing the boundaries of traditional art forms. The Belarusian government has also been investing in the arts, with the opening of new museums, galleries, and cultural centers. One of the most distinctive features of Belarusian art is its strong connection to the country's rural traditions. Many artists draw inspiration from the natural beauty of the Belarusian countryside, incorporating elements of folk art and traditional crafts into their work. This connection to the land and to traditional culture is also reflected in the country's rich tradition of music, dance, and theater. Another important aspect of Belarusian art is its role in shaping the country's national identity. Throughout history, art has played a crucial role in expressing the unique cultural identity of the Belarusian people, and in asserting their independence and sovereignty. Today, many artists continue to explore themes of national identity, history, and politics in their work. Overall, the art of Belarus is a vibrant and dynamic reflection of the country's rich cultural heritage, shaped by a variety of historical, social, and technological forces. From its earliest roots in medieval religious art to its current flourishing contemporary scene, Belarusian art continues to evolve and inspire.

Belarusian art, cultural heritage, art movements, traditional culture, national identity

Daniel Scott

Architecture Of Samoa

Architecture of Samoa has evolved significantly over the centuries, reflecting the social and cultural trends of the time. Traditional Samoan architecture is largely characterized by its unique building materials and construction techniques, which have been developed over centuries and passed down through generations. The structures are typically built from organic materials such as wood, stone, and mud, and constructed using a variety of techniques such as weaving and lashing. Additionally, the designs often incorporate traditional Samoan symbols and motifs. In the 19th century, Christian missionaries and colonial powers introduced more sophisticated building techniques and materials, such as brick and concrete, which replaced traditional materials and techniques. In the 20th century, the influence of modernism, as well as the proliferation of new technologies such as air conditioning, electricity, and plumbing, further shaped the development of architecture in Samoa.

Traditional, colonial, modern, technology, symbolism.

Beatrice Marino

Alice Austen

Alice Austen was a remarkable photographer and artist in her own right. In her time she was a trailblazer who pushed the boundaries of photography and art. She was known for her innovative use of light and shadow, her skillful use of juxtaposition, and her ability to capture moments of emotion and beauty. Her work was highly sought after, and she was the first female photographer to have her photographs published regularly in the New York Times. Her work continues to inspire photographers, designers, and artists today. Alice Austen was a true pioneer in the art of photography and her legacy remains an inspiration for many.

Alice Austen, photographer, artist, light, shadow, juxtaposition, New York Times.

Claudia Rossetti

Art Frahm

Art Frahm was an American illustrator and painter, whose humorous and often whimsical work has made him a much-loved artist. His artwork often featured cartoon-like figures, often in humorous situations, and he was known for his bold and vibrant use of colour. He was a master of satire and often used his art to make social and political commentaries. He was also renowned for his distinctive visual style, with many of his works featuring a combination of bright and intense colours with a vintage feel. His works have been exhibited in many galleries and have gained a large and devoted following. He continues to be an inspiration to illustrators and artists alike.

Art, Frahm, Illustration, Painting, Humor, Satire, Colour, Vintage.

Claudia Rossetti

Ascanio Vittozzi

Ascanio Vittozzi is an internationally renowned Italian architect who has gained widespread recognition for his unique approach to design. His works are characterized by a combination of modern and traditional elements, such as bold, geometric shapes and open-plan spaces, which create an airy and light atmosphere. He also uses traditional materials, such as stone, marble, and wood, to create a timeless aesthetic. Vittozzi is renowned for his attention to detail, as well as his sensitive use of color, which adds to the overall harmony of his creations. His designs have been praised for their ability to blend seamlessly into the existing architecture of the cities in which his works are located, and have been featured in many publications and exhibitions. As a result, his works have become iconic landmarks in their respective cities.

Ascanio Vittozzi, Italian architect, modern design, traditional materials, attention to detail, color harmony.

Eleonora Barbieri

Art Technology

Art Technology has become an increasingly important tool for designers, allowing them to explore ideas quickly and create engaging experiences. It is a combination of art and technology that has enabled designers to create digital-based works such as 3D animation, virtual reality, programming, and interactive art. Art Technology has also opened up a world of possibilities for designers, allowing them to create immersive experiences with the help of motion sensors, multi-touch screens, and more. It has also enabled designers to explore different mediums, such as 3D printing, laser cutting, and robotics. Art Technology has become a powerful tool for designers to create meaningful and powerful works of art.

Art Technology, Designers, Digital Art, 3D Animation, Virtual Reality, Programming, Interactive Art, 3D Printing, Laser Cutting, Robotics, Motion Sensors, Multi-Touch Screens, Immersive Experiences.

Federica Costa

Awards For Agriculture

Awards for Agriculture are a recognition of excellence in the field of agriculture, which includes farming, livestock, forestry, fisheries, and related industries. These awards are given to individuals, organizations, and businesses that have made significant contributions to the agriculture sector, such as improving productivity, sustainability, and profitability, as well as promoting innovation, research, and development. Awards for Agriculture are often sponsored by governments, non-governmental organizations, private companies, and academic institutions, and they are usually presented in various categories, such as best practices, environmental stewardship, community engagement, and leadership. The purpose of Awards for Agriculture is to inspire and motivate individuals and organizations to strive for excellence in their work, to promote best practices and innovation, and to recognize outstanding achievements and contributions to the agriculture sector. Awards for Agriculture can also help to raise public awareness of the importance of agriculture and its role in providing food security, environmental sustainability, and economic development. Moreover, Awards for Agriculture can serve as a platform for networking, collaboration, and knowledge sharing among stakeholders in the agriculture sector. To be eligible for Awards for Agriculture, candidates must meet certain criteria, such as demonstrating a track record of success, innovation, and leadership in their field. They must also provide evidence of their impact on the agriculture sector, such as increased productivity, improved quality, reduced environmental footprint, and enhanced social and economic benefits. The selection process for Awards for Agriculture usually involves a panel of judges who evaluate the candidates based on predetermined criteria, such as originality, impact, sustainability, scalability, and replicability. In conclusion, Awards for Agriculture are a recognition of excellence in the agriculture sector, which aim to inspire, motivate, and recognize outstanding achievements and contributions to the field. These awards are an important tool for promoting best practices, innovation, and collaboration in the agriculture sector, and for raising public awareness of its importance. By recognizing and rewarding excellence in agriculture, Awards for Agriculture can help to ensure a sustainable and prosperous future for the sector and the communities it serves.

agriculture, awards, excellence, innovation, sustainability

Paul Martinez

Adelaide Hanscom

Adelaide Hanscom was an American artist known for her innovative approach to art and design. Her works are celebrated for their vibrant colors, unique materials, and impressive use of symbolic elements. Hanscom's art explores abstract symbolism beyond the physical, creating thoughtful images that reflect her own experiences and beliefs. Her pieces are a visual delight, imbued with intelligence and charm. Hanscom's creative process was deeply personal, often relying on her own materials and resources to bring her creations to life. Her works often depict emotions and ideas beyond the physical, adding a thoughtful layer to her pieces. She was celebrated by designers and artists alike for her ability to express complex ideas in her work, and her pieces have been featured in many prominent art galleries and museums. Hanscom's legacy continues to inspire artists and designers to this day. Her innovative approach to art and design has left a lasting impact on the world of art, and her pieces continue to be celebrated for their creativity and thought-provoking nature.

Adelaide Hanscom, American artist, abstract symbolism, vibrant colors, unique materials, symbolic elements, personal, emotional, creative, innovative, legacy

Steven Thompson


Ambiguity as a concept within architecture is characterized by the notion of indeterminacy; that is, the idea that a single element or feature can be interpreted in multiple ways, or have a range of possible meanings. This is often manifested through the use of abstract forms, the inclusion of multiple elements, or the juxtaposition of seemingly disparate elements and styles. Such ambiguity can be used to create a space that is dynamic, with the potential to surprise and stimulate the viewer, while also allowing for a greater level of personal interpretation.

Vagueness, Uncertainty, Polysemy, Doubt, Ambivalence.

Shelly Stone

Allan Kaprow

Allan Kaprow was a visionary artist and art theorist who revolutionized the traditional art world. He was a pioneer in the development of Happenings, a precursor to performance art, and his assemblages, or environments made of everyday objects, which have been influential in the development of installation art. Kaprow believed that art should be a living, breathing experience, and sought to create works that were interactive and engaging. He aimed to blur the traditional boundaries between artist and audience and challenged the audience to contemplate the environment and the place of art in it. Kaprow's works were often site-specific and encouraged audience participation, creating a connection between the viewer and the artwork. He used everyday objects and materials in his works, such as tires, newspapers, and ice, to create immersive environments that challenged the viewer's perception of art. Kaprow's works were not static, but rather dynamic and constantly evolving, reflecting his belief that art should be experienced as a full-body experience. Throughout his career, Kaprow continued to push the boundaries of traditional art forms, experimenting with new ways of engaging audiences in non-traditional art forms. His work had a profound impact on the contemporary art world and continues to inspire artists today.

Allan Kaprow, Happenings, performance art, assemblages, installation art, audience participation, site-specific, immersive environments, everyday objects, dynamic art

John Hall

Art, Architecture And Design For Human Resources

Art, architecture, and design for human resources refer to the use of creative and aesthetic elements in the workplace to improve employee well-being, productivity, and overall job satisfaction. This approach recognizes that the physical environment can have a significant impact on employee morale and motivation, and seeks to create spaces that are both functional and aesthetically pleasing. In terms of art, this may involve incorporating paintings, sculptures, or other forms of visual art into the workplace. These pieces can serve as focal points for employees, providing a source of inspiration or relaxation during the workday. Additionally, art can be used to convey company values or mission statements, reinforcing a sense of purpose and identity among employees. Architecture and design also play a crucial role in creating a positive work environment. This can involve everything from the layout of the office space to the choice of furniture and lighting. For example, open floor plans are often used to promote collaboration and communication among employees, while ergonomic chairs and standing desks can help to reduce discomfort and fatigue. Overall, the goal of art, architecture, and design for human resources is to create a workplace that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing, and that supports employee well-being and productivity. By incorporating these elements into the workplace, companies can create a more positive and engaging work environment, leading to greater job satisfaction and retention.

workplace design, employee well-being, job satisfaction, art, architecture

Eric Green


Arman is a Persian name, derived from the term ‘Ermiya-manesh’ and roughly translates to great soul or noble thinking. It is derived from both the Old Persian language and the Greek language, making it a unique name for both eastern and western civilizations. This name has been adopted as a given name in many different contexts, including in Iran, India, Central Asia, and the Caribbean, as well as being more recently popularized amongst North Americans. It is also an ancestor of the Persian name 'Armani'.

Equivalents of Arman in other languages include Aokan (Japanese), Armano (Italian), Ermin (German), Erm (Icelandic), Erman (Armenian), Erminio (Italian), Ermyn (English), Harman (Hindi), Irmi (Finnish), Řámen (Czech), Ramin (Kurdish). For SEO purposes, th

Harris Awan

Anatole France

Anatole France was a master of creative expression, and his work has been a major influence on countless artists, writers, and designers for more than a century. He was renowned for his ability to capture the essence of life in his writing and art, often expressing complex ideas in simple and elegant ways. His works often featured intricate illustrations that provided a visual representation of the ideas he expressed in his writing, and he was praised for his ability to bring abstract concepts to life with his vivid and imaginative art. He was also known for his ability to take the mundane and everyday and transform it into something extraordinary. His works often reflect a boundless appreciation for the beauty of nature, and his stories often revolve around themes of love, life, and the struggles of everyday existence.

Creativity, Expression, Imagination, Art, Visuals, Writing, Philosophy, Nature, Everyday Life, Love, Struggles.

Federica Costa


Almost is a Bulgarian furniture brand that has achieved amazing feats in the realm of contemporary design. With a focus on combining modern and practical solutions with the tradition of European craftsmanship, Almost has been able to create high quality and functional designs that are highly sought after. Their architectural background has been a major contributor to their success, allowing them to experiment and explore new ideas and solutions. This exploration has resulted in numerous accolades and recognition, including a Silver A' Design Award Winner for Furniture Design Category in 2015. Almost continues to impress the world with their innovative designs and commitment to quality.


Giulia Esposito

Ascanio Zocchi

Ascanio Zocchi is an Italian-born designer whose work has had a significant impact on the world of design thinking. His pioneering approach to problem-solving, which centers around creating a holistic view of the issues at hand, has been widely embraced by designers around the world. His methodology emphasizes the importance of synthesizing different perspectives and ideas in order to address complex problems. Ascanio's legacy of informing design thinking has been instrumental in the development of innovative solutions to existing challenges.

Ascanio Zocchi, Italian designer, design thinking, holistic problem-solving, creative solutions.

Giovanna Mancini

Adolfo Riestra

Adolfo Riestra is highly respected in the art world for his captivating visual art and dedication to maintaining creative freedom. He always strives to create meaningful works that reflect his personal vision, and his works are often seen as a form of expression and exploration of identity. He values the importance of collaboration and exchange between different cultures, and often works together with local communities to create artwork that reflects their daily lives. His work has been showcased in countries all over the world, and he has been the recipient of numerous awards for his contributions to the art world. Riestra is a true inspiration for all designers, artists, and creatives, as he demonstrates that it is possible to remain passionate and dedicated to one’s craft even in the face of adversity.

Mexican, artist, muralist, folk art, culture, history, sculpture, painting, vivid, unique, emotions, meaningful, lasting, exhibitions, awards, identity, collaboration, exchange, communities, creativity, passion, dedication, adversity.

Claudia Rossetti

Autonomous Airport Vehicle Design

Autonomous Airport Vehicle Design is an engineering field that focuses on the development of vehicles for use in airports, primarily for transportation of passengers, cargo and luggage. This field incorporates mechanical and electrical engineering components, such as design of chassis and power trains, control systems and programming of autonomous behaviors. Additionally, it involves research and development of safety protocols, environmental compliance and cost-efficiency. This interdisciplinary field is also closely related to robotics, artificial intelligence and computer vision, as it requires the autonomous vehicles to be able to predict and dodge obstacles of their environment in order to safely complete their tasks. Autonomous Airport Vehicle Design is a relatively new field of engineering, with increasing demand as airports become more congested and the need for efficient and cost-effective transport solutions becomes increasingly relevant.

Autonomous Vehicles, Airport Design, Robotics.

James Rothschild

Anton Filippo Adami

Anton Filippo Adami was a renowned Italian artist who was known for his expressive oil painting techniques. His works were inspired by a range of sources, including folk art, mythology, and the natural world. Adami's paintings were characterized by their bold and vivid colors, as well as their ability to evoke emotion and movement in viewers. His works were highly regarded by art critics and museums, and were featured in both established galleries and international art fairs. Adami was born in Italy in 1919 and began his artistic career in the 1940s. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice, where he developed his unique style of painting. Adami's works were heavily influenced by the Italian Renaissance, as well as by contemporary artists such as Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Throughout his career, Adami created a wide range of paintings, from landscapes and still lifes to portraits and abstract works. His paintings often contained a sense of movement and dynamism, as if the painting was a living thing. Adami was a master of color, using bold and vivid hues to create works that were both striking and emotionally charged. Despite his success as an artist, Adami remained humble and dedicated to his craft. He continued to paint until his death in 1983, leaving behind a legacy of works that continue to inspire and captivate viewers today.

Anton Filippo Adami, Italian artist, oil painting, folk art, mythology, natural world, bold colors, emotional, movement, Italian Renaissance, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, landscapes, still lifes, portraits, abstract works, color, legacy

Matthew Thompson

Aerobic Commuter Train

An aerobic commuter train is a type of public transportation system that not only provides a comfortable, safe, and reliable form of transportation but also promotes physical activity among its passengers. Unlike traditional commuter trains, which require passengers to remain seated for the duration of their journey, an aerobic commuter train is designed to encourage passengers to engage in physical activity while commuting. This is achieved through the installation of exercise equipment on board the train, such as stationary bicycles, elliptical machines, and weightlifting equipment. Passengers are encouraged to use the exercise equipment during their commute, allowing them to engage in physical activity and improve their overall health and fitness levels. The train typically runs on a single track with multiple cars, each of which is equipped with its own propulsion system. The train typically has multiple stops along the route, allowing passengers to get on and off at their destination. The train is typically powered by an overhead power source, such as an overhead catenary system or an electric third rail. The concept of the aerobic commuter train is relatively new, but it has already gained popularity in some parts of the world. It is seen as a way to promote physical activity and reduce the sedentary lifestyle that is associated with modern-day commuting. The installation of exercise equipment on board the train also helps to reduce stress levels and improve mental health, as physical activity has been shown to have a positive impact on mental well-being. In conclusion, an aerobic commuter train is a type of public transportation system that not only provides a comfortable, safe, and reliable form of transportation but also promotes physical activity among its passengers. By encouraging passengers to engage in physical activity during their commute, the aerobic commuter train is seen as a way to promote a healthier and more active lifestyle.

Public transportation, Physical activity, Exercise equipment, Sedentary lifestyle, Mental well-being

Joshua Wilson

Advertising Poster Design

Advertising poster design is a form of visual communication used to communicate an idea, message or concept to a target audience. It involves the use of graphic elements such as typography, imagery and colour to create an engaging visual narrative. This type of design often includes the use of strategically placed text and images to draw the attention of the viewer to the intended message, as well as to create a memorable aesthetic experience. Designers must understand the principles of effective visual communication, such as the use of hierarchy and contrast, to create a successful advertising poster.

Advertising poster design, visual communication, typography, imagery, colour, text, hierarchy, contrast.

James Rothschild

Andrew Robinson

Andrew Robinson is a highly sought-after designer and artist, who has a unique approach to creating designs. He has an innate ability to combine elements of design, art, and creativity in order to create stunning visuals. He has a deep understanding of color theory, composition, and typography, allowing him to craft designs that are visually captivating and emotionally resonant. His work has been featured in numerous publications and exhibitions, and he has received numerous awards for his creative work. Additionally, Andrew Robinson has a strong commitment to collaboration, working with a diverse range of clients to create high-quality designs that capture their vision.

Andrew Robinson, designer, artist, creativity, color theory, composition, typography.

Federica Costa

Artificial Life

Artificial Life is a concept that revolves around designing and creating computer programs and robots that imitate the behavior of living organisms. These robots and programs are able to adapt to the environment they are in, similar to how living organisms do, and they can interact with one another without being programmed to do so. Examples of Artificial Life include self-driving cars and chatbot programs.

AI, machine learning, robotics, algorithms, automation

Chiara Ferrari

Arches And Vaults

Arches and vaults are architectural structures that are based on the principles of curved shapes. They have been used in construction for centuries and are still popular today due to their aesthetic appeal and structural strength. Arches are typically made from stone, brick, concrete, or steel and can be found in a wide range of designs and sizes. They are often used to create doorways, windows, and other openings in buildings. Vaults, on the other hand, are usually constructed as a series of arches or semicircles connected by a common center point. This creates a vaulted structure with a curved or domed roof. Vaults are often used in buildings to create large open spaces or to support the weight of a roof or wall. One of the main advantages of using arches and vaults in construction is their structural strength. The curved shape of these structures allows them to distribute weight evenly, making them capable of supporting heavy loads. This is why they are often used in the construction of bridges, tunnels, and other structures that require a high degree of strength and stability. Additionally, arches and vaults are aesthetically pleasing and can add visual interest to a building's design. They are often used in the construction of churches, cathedrals, and other historic buildings. Another advantage of using arches and vaults in construction is their ability to provide natural lighting and ventilation to the interior spaces they occupy. The curved shape of these structures allows light to enter from multiple angles, reducing the need for artificial lighting. Additionally, the shape of arches and vaults can create a natural flow of air, reducing the need for artificial ventilation. In conclusion, arches and vaults are architectural structures that are based on the principles of curved shapes. They are strong, durable, and aesthetically pleasing, making them a popular choice for architects and designers. They are often used in construction to create large open spaces, provide structural support, and reduce the need for artificial lighting and ventilation.

architecture, construction, strength, aesthetics, natural lighting

Charles Martinez

Alina Rizescu

Alina Rizescu is an internationally acclaimed architect and experience designer who is renowned for her creative projects that not only focus on aesthetics, but also deliver meaningful experiences and messages. With a background in Romania, Alina has consistently pushed the boundaries of design, integrating modern technology and creativity to create interactive results that have garnered her numerous awards and recognition. Her passion for the integration of technology and creativity has seen her become an influential figure in the design community, inspiring others to explore new possibilities in design.

Interactive Design, Architecture, Technology, Experience Design.

Eleonora Barbieri

Anne Königer Smith

Anne Königer Smith is a prolific American visual artist whose works are highly sought after by galleries and museums around the world. Her works explore the beauty of the American wilderness and the connection between humanity and nature. She combines the use of vibrant colours, intricate details, and a deep reverence for her environment to create art that transcends traditional conventions. Through her works, Anne seeks to highlight the importance of preserving nature, and to evoke an emotional response in her viewers. Her innovative approach to painting has earned her numerous awards and accolades, as well as a reputation for being one of the most original and respected artists in the United States. Her most acclaimed works include “The Forest Floor”, “Mountain Song”, and “The Glade”.

Anne Königer Smith, American artist, painting, wilderness, environment, nature.

Claudia Rossetti

Auguste-Xavier Leprince

Auguste-Xavier Leprince was a master of light and color. He was able to capture the essence of a moment and make it come alive on canvas. Through his work, he was able to bring a sense of wonder and beauty to his audience, creating a unique and unforgettable experience. He had a unique vision of beauty, which he was able to express through his paintings. He was also a master of line, form, and composition, which added to the beauty of his paintings. His works often incorporated natural elements, such as plants and flowers, to create a sense of harmony and peace. Leprince was also known to experiment with color, creating works of art that were both vibrant and subtle. He was highly respected among his peers and was known for his willingness to share his knowledge with aspiring artists. His influence on the art world continues to be felt to this day.

Art, Painting, Sculpture, Color, Expression, Design, Creativity, Innovation, Emotion, Beauty, Line, Form, Composition, Harmony, Nature, Vibrancy, Legacy.

Claudia Rossetti

Automatic Feeding Apparatus For Livestock

An automatic feeding apparatus for livestock is a mechanical device designed to provide a consistent and efficient feeding system for animals in a farming or ranching environment. The apparatus is typically used to feed large numbers of animals, such as cattle, pigs, or poultry, and is designed to reduce labor costs and improve the overall health and productivity of the herd or flock. The apparatus typically consists of a hopper or storage container that holds the feed, which is then distributed to the animals through a series of tubes, chutes, or conveyor belts. The feed is dispensed at predetermined intervals, either by a timer or a weight sensor, which ensures that the animals receive a consistent amount of food at regular intervals throughout the day. This helps to prevent overfeeding or underfeeding, which can lead to health problems or reduced productivity. One of the key benefits of an automatic feeding apparatus is that it can save farmers and ranchers a significant amount of time and labor. Instead of manually feeding the animals multiple times per day, the apparatus can be programmed to dispense feed automatically, freeing up time for other tasks. Additionally, the apparatus can help to reduce waste by minimizing spillage and ensuring that the animals only consume the amount of feed they need. Overall, an automatic feeding apparatus for livestock is an essential tool for modern farming and ranching operations. By providing a consistent and efficient feeding system, the apparatus can help to improve the health and productivity of the herd or flock, while also reducing labor costs and minimizing waste.

livestock, feeding, apparatus, farming, productivity

Daniel Thompson

Alfred Concanen

Alfred Concanen is a celebrated painter, writer and lecturer whose work has shaped the contemporary art world. His paintings, which often depict landscapes, are highly detailed and full of vibrant color. His use of light, composition and perspective has earned him recognition from art critics and curators around the world. Aside from his paintings, Concanen has also written several books and given lectures on topics related to art and creativity. He has a keen eye for detail and has a unique ability to capture the beauty of the natural world. His work is admired for its ability to evoke emotion and inspire reflection. He is a great source of inspiration for designers, artists and creatives alike.

Alfred Concanen, painter, writer, lecturer, artwork, art, creativity, inspiration, beauty, natural world, detail, emotion, reflection.

Claudia Rossetti

Antoine-Alphée Piaud

Antoine-Alphée Piaud was an acclaimed French artist of the late 19th century who was renowned for his elegant and moving canvases. His works were highly praised for their intricate detail and brushstroke elegance with an impressionistic eye for color and vibrancy. His landscapes and portraits alike were dazzling expressions of the human soul, with a knack for capturing the energy and emotions of the world around him. Antoine-Alphée Piaud was a master of portraiture, having painted some of the greatest figures of French literature like Voltaire and Madame de Staël, as well as a number of portraits of the Emperor Napoleon. His most notable works include The Conversation at the Convent of La Marquise de Pompadour, The Duchess of Orleans and The Last Supper.

French artist, Antoine-Alphée Piaud, Impressionism, portrait, Napoleon, landscape, Voltaire, Madame de Staël.

Giovanna Mancini

About the Design+Encyclopedia
The free encyclopedia on good design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation.

Design+Encyclopedia is a free online encyclopedia, pioneering freedom of speech and freedom of expression in arts, design, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation, written and maintained by a community of design professionals, architects, artists, creators, innovators and engineers. In Design+Encyclopedia, every individual contribution is cherished, differentiated opinions and distinct ideas are respected and attributed. Anyone can edit and contribute to the Design+Encyclopedia. Become a contributor now and help us expand existing definitions with your own. The Design+Encyclopedia is open to all objective facts as well as highly subjective ideas, opinions and perspectives on everything related to design, art, architecture, creativity, engineering and innovation. Create a free account now to join our community. We have 169.951 Topics and 412.694 Entries and we are looking forward to publish your entries today.