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Archimedes is a renowned Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer who lived in the 3rd century BC in Syracuse, Sicily. He is considered one of the greatest scientists of classical antiquity and is best known for his groundbreaking contributions to mathematics, particularly in the fields of geometry, calculus, and hydrostatics. Archimedes' work laid the foundations for many scientific and mathematical principles that are still used today. He is credited with numerous inventions, including the Archimedes' screw, a device used for raising water from a lower to a higher level, and the Archimedes' claw, a weapon used to defend Syracuse against the Roman siege. Archimedes also made significant advancements in the understanding of levers, pulleys, and the concept of buoyancy. His famous principle, known as Archimedes' principle, states that a body immersed in a fluid experiences an upward buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body. This principle has had far-reaching implications in fields such as engineering, shipbuilding, and fluid mechanics. Archimedes' mathematical treatises, such as On the Sphere and Cylinder, On Spirals, and On the Equilibrium of Planes, showcased his exceptional problem-solving skills and introduced innovative methods for calculating areas and volumes of various geometric shapes. His approximation of pi, the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, was remarkably accurate for its time. Archimedes' legacy has endured through the centuries, inspiring countless scientists, mathematicians, and inventors. His life and work have been the subject of numerous books, articles, and documentaries, cementing his status as one of the most brilliant minds in history.

Greek mathematician physicist engineer inventor astronomer geometry calculus hydrostatics Archimedes' screw Archimedes' claw levers pulleys buoyancy Archimedes' principle

Helen James

CITATION : "Helen James. 'Archimedes.' Design+Encyclopedia. (Accessed on April 15, 2024)"

Archimedes Definition
Archimedes on Design+Encyclopedia

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