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Apodyterium is a term derived from ancient Greek, referring to the changing room or undressing area in the public baths of ancient Greece and Rome. It was the first room encountered by visitors upon entering the bath complex, serving as a transitional space where patrons would disrobe and store their clothing before proceeding to the bathing areas. The apodyterium was typically a spacious, rectangular room lined with benches or niches along the walls, providing a place for bathers to sit and remove their garments. These niches, known as lockers or cubicles, were often numbered or labeled to help patrons keep track of their belongings. In some cases, the apodyterium also featured decorative elements such as mosaic floors, frescoed walls, or sculptural adornments, reflecting the overall architectural style and grandeur of the bath complex. The design and layout of the apodyterium varied depending on the size and opulence of the baths, with larger imperial baths boasting more elaborate and luxurious changing areas compared to smaller, local bath houses. Nonetheless, the apodyterium remained an essential component of the bathing experience, functioning as a practical and social space where patrons could prepare for their bathing ritual and engage in conversation with fellow bathers.

ancient baths, changing room, Roman architecture, Greek architecture

John Armstrong

CITATION : "John Armstrong. 'Apodyterium.' Design+Encyclopedia. (Accessed on April 15, 2024)"

Apodyterium Definition
Apodyterium on Design+Encyclopedia

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