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Algae is a diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are primarily aquatic, ranging from unicellular microalgae to multicellular forms such as giant kelp. These organisms are eukaryotic, meaning they have a membrane-bound nucleus and organelles, and they contain chlorophyll and other pigments that enable them to convert sunlight into energy through photosynthesis. Algae play a crucial role in aquatic ecosystems as primary producers, forming the foundation of the food chain and contributing significantly to the global oxygen supply. They are found in a wide variety of habitats, including freshwater, marine, and even terrestrial environments, and exhibit a remarkable range of morphological and physiological adaptations. Some algal species, such as diatoms and dinoflagellates, have unique cell walls composed of silica or cellulose plates, while others, like red algae, possess specialized pigments that allow them to thrive in deep water environments. Algae also have significant economic and ecological importance, with applications in various industries such as food, pharmaceuticals, and biofuels, as well as their potential for bioremediation and carbon sequestration.

algal blooms, phytoplankton, seaweed, chlorophyll, photosynthesis, aquatic ecosystems

Robert Anderson

CITATION : "Robert Anderson. 'Algae.' Design+Encyclopedia. (Accessed on April 14, 2024)"

Algae Definition
Algae on Design+Encyclopedia

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