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Acrylic Fibers

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Acrylic Fibers

Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer called polyacrylonitrile (PAN). These fibers were first developed in the mid-1940s as a substitute for wool, which was in short supply during World War II. Acrylic fibers are known for their softness, warmth, and durability, and are often used in clothing, upholstery, and outdoor gear. The process of making acrylic fibers involves spinning a solution of PAN in a solvent, such as dimethylformamide, into fibers. The fibers are then stretched and heated to set the shape and remove any remaining solvent. The resulting fibers are soft and fluffy, with a texture similar to wool. One of the main advantages of acrylic fibers is their ability to mimic the look and feel of natural fibers, such as wool and cotton, while being more affordable and easier to care for. Acrylic fibers are also resistant to moths, mildew, and fading, making them a popular choice for outdoor and marine applications. However, acrylic fibers are not without their drawbacks. They are not as breathable as natural fibers, which can make them uncomfortable to wear in hot weather. They are also not as environmentally friendly as natural fibers, as they are made from non-renewable resources and are not biodegradable. Overall, acrylic fibers are a versatile and durable synthetic fiber that have found a wide range of applications in the textile industry.

synthetic fibers, polyacrylonitrile, wool substitute, softness, durability

John Allen

CITATION : "John Allen. 'Acrylic Fibers.' Design+Encyclopedia. (Accessed on February 28, 2024)"

Acrylic Fibers Definition
Acrylic Fibers on Design+Encyclopedia

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