Air-cooled condensers are devices used in refrigeration and air conditioning systems to remove heat from the refrigerant gas and convert it back into a liquid state. Unlike water-cooled condensers, which use water as a cooling medium, air-cooled condensers use air as the cooling medium. They are commonly used in applications where water is scarce or expensive, or where the discharge of water is restricted. Air-cooled condensers consist of a network of tubes or coils that carry the hot refrigerant gas, and a series of fins or blades that increase the surface area for heat transfer. The coils are typically made of copper or aluminum, and the fins are made of aluminum or steel. The coils and fins are arranged in a way that maximizes the contact between the refrigerant gas and the cooling air. The air-cooled condenser works by drawing ambient air over the coils and fins, which absorb the heat from the refrigerant gas and transfer it to the air. The heated air is then discharged into the atmosphere, while the cooled refrigerant gas condenses back into a liquid state. The liquid refrigerant is then sent back to the evaporator, where it absorbs heat and evaporates, starting the cycle over again. Air-cooled condensers are commonly used in residential, commercial, and industrial applications, such as refrigerators, air conditioners, heat pumps, and chillers. They are also used in power plants, where they are used to cool the steam that drives the turbines.
refrigeration, air conditioning, water-cooled condenser, heat transfer, ambient air
CITATION : "Daniel Scott. 'Air-cooled Condensers.' Design+Encyclopedia. https://design-encyclopedia.com/?E=360766 (Accessed on November 28, 2023)"
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