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Acrylonitrile is a colorless, highly flammable liquid that is used primarily in the production of synthetic fibers, plastics, and resins. It is an unsaturated nitrile compound that is produced through the oxidation of propylene or propane. Acrylonitrile is an important industrial chemical due to its versatility and numerous applications in various industries. It is a key raw material in the production of acrylic fibers, which are used in clothing, carpets, and home furnishings. Additionally, it is used in the production of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) plastics, which are used in a wide range of products such as automotive parts, toys, and electronic housings. Acrylonitrile is a toxic substance that can cause harm to humans and the environment if not handled properly. Exposure to acrylonitrile can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory system, and prolonged exposure can lead to more serious health effects such as cancer and neurological damage. Therefore, strict safety measures must be taken when handling and transporting acrylonitrile. Despite its potential hazards, acrylonitrile remains a crucial component in many industrial applications. Its unique properties, such as its high tensile strength and resistance to chemicals and heat, make it an ideal material for a variety of products. Additionally, ongoing research and development are focused on finding safer and more sustainable production methods for acrylonitrile.

synthetic fibers, plastics, resins, toxicity, safety measures

James Brown

CITATION : "James Brown. 'Acrylonitrile.' Design+Encyclopedia. (Accessed on February 28, 2024)"

Acrylonitrile Definition
Acrylonitrile on Design+Encyclopedia

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