An autogyro, also known as gyroplane or gyrocopter, is a type of rotorcraft that uses an unpowered rotor in autorotation to generate lift, and an engine-powered propeller to provide thrust. The rotor is not powered by an engine, but instead rotates freely as the autogyro moves forward, allowing it to fly like a fixed-wing aircraft. The autogyro was invented by Spanish engineer Juan de la Cierva in the early 1920s, and has since been used for a variety of applications, including military reconnaissance, search and rescue, and civilian transportation. Autogyros are known for their ability to take off and land in short distances, making them ideal for use in areas with limited space. They are also relatively easy to fly, with simple controls that make them accessible to pilots with minimal training. Autogyros are typically smaller and lighter than helicopters, and are therefore more affordable to operate and maintain. They also have a lower noise level than helicopters, making them more suitable for use in urban areas. One of the key advantages of autogyros is their ability to fly at low speeds and low altitudes, making them ideal for applications such as aerial photography and surveying. They are also able to fly in windy conditions, thanks to their ability to maintain lift even when the rotor is not powered. Autogyros are also relatively safe, with a low accident rate compared to other types of aircraft. In recent years, there has been renewed interest in autogyros as a means of personal transportation. Several companies have developed small, two-seat autogyros that are designed for recreational use. These aircraft are typically powered by small gasoline engines, and are capable of speeds up to 100 mph. While still relatively niche, the market for personal autogyros is expected to grow in the coming years.
rotorcraft, autorotation, Juan de la Cierva, short takeoff and landing, low speed, personal transportation
CITATION : "Andrew Hill. 'Autogyros.' Design+Encyclopedia. https://design-encyclopedia.com/?E=317579 (Accessed on December 07, 2023)"
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