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Association Fallacy

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Association Fallacy

The Association Fallacy is a type of cognitive bias where we make assumptions about something based on what it is associated with. For example, a person may think that all cats are mean because their one cat was mean. This assumption is not true, because not all cats are mean. Another example is that a person may think that all people who wear glasses are smart because their one friend who wears glasses is smart. Again, this is not true because not all people who wear glasses are smart.

Association, Cognitive Bias, Logical Fallacy, False Connection

Thomas Lee

Association Fallacy

The Association Fallacy, also known as the Fallacy of Composition or the Fallacy of Division, is a cognitive bias and logical fallacy that occurs when an individual incorrectly assumes that the qualities of a single element of a larger group also apply to the entire group. This is often seen as a result of an individual's tendency to make assumptions about a situation based on the similarity of the individual element to the larger group. For example, if an individual were to assume that a certain political party is in favor of a certain policy based on the stance of a single member of that party, then they would be committing the Association Fallacy. This type of fallacy can lead to inaccurate conclusions about a situation, and is especially dangerous when used to make decisions that could have long-term implications.

Association Fallacy, Cognitive Biases, Logical Fallacies, False Generalization.

Jessica Adams

CITATION : "Jessica Adams. 'Association Fallacy.' Design+Encyclopedia. (Accessed on March 27, 2023)"

Association Fallacy Definition
Association Fallacy on Design+Encyclopedia

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