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Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human characteristics to non-human entities, gods, or natural phenomena. It is a concept that has been present in literature and art throughout history, playing a role in the way humans view and interact with the world. For instance, deities in polytheistic religions are often viewed as anthropomorphic figures, while animals in stories are given traits to elicit empathy or understanding. In languages other than English, the concept of anthropomorphism is often expressed through a variety of terms and expressions.

In Spanish, the words analogía humanizada and personificación describe anthropomorphism, while in Portuguese the concept is expressed as antropomorfização or personificação. In French, distinctions can be ma

Harris Awan


Anthropomorphism is a noun that describes the attribution of human qualities or characteristics to non-human entities. It is used to describe a situation when non-human objects are represented as having human emotions and behavior, or when people imbue animals, natural phenomena, or objects with particular human emotions. Synonyms for anthropomorphism include personification, anthropomorphize, humanization, animalization, zoomorphism, and personify. Antonyms are dehumanization and inanimate. Cognates include the Latin anthropomorphismus and the French anthropomorphose. Variants include anthropomorphous and anthropomorphizing.

Taxonomy, personification, zoomorphism, Comparative, Linguistics.

George Adrian Postea


Anthropomorphism is derived from the Greek words anthropo, meaning ‘man’ and morphe, meaning ‘form’. It was used by ancient Greek philosophers and mythographers to refer to their belief in the existence of gods and goddesses who adopted the form of a human being. In recent decades the term has acquired a more general application to refer to the attribution of human characteristics to non-human entities, such as animals, plants, and natural forces, such as storms and rainbows. The historical development of the term reflects an increasingly sophisticated understanding of the ways in which humans create meaning and order in the world around them through the use of language and symbols. This, in turn, can be seen as part of a broader process of cultural evolution, in which anthropomorphism is a form of intellectual and imaginative shorthand that enables humans to communicate complex ideas and comprehend their environment. Morphologically, anthropomorphism is used to create a distinction between human and non-human forms and categorize and describe the latter. On a pragmatic level, anthropomorphism serves as an effective tool to coordinate and organize social behavior, with shared values and norms being reflected - and reinforced - by reference to a shared set of symbols.

Anthropomorphism, Etymology, Morphology, Historical, Pragmatics

Henry Fontaine


Anthropomorphism is when people assign human qualities and characteristics to non-human things. It is a cognitive bias or logical fallacy, which means it is a type of thinking that is not based on facts or evidence. For example, when a child believes their toy bear has feelings, they are exhibiting anthropomorphism.

Animal personification, personified animals, anthropomorphic animals, humanized animals.

Thomas Lee


Anthropomorphism is a form of cognitive bias that occurs when humans assign humanlike characteristics, intentions or behaviors to non-human objects. It is a logical fallacy in which human features are attributed to an inanimate object or animal, with or without intention. This cognitive bias is often seen in religious beliefs, literature, and art, and is a common form of projection of humans’ own traits onto things that are not actually human. Anthropomorphism can be seen as a way for humans to cope with the unknown and make the unfamiliar more familiar.

Anthropomorphism, personification, humanization, projection, personified objects.

Jessica Adams

CITATION : "Jessica Adams. 'Anthropomorphism.' Design+Encyclopedia. (Accessed on March 27, 2023)"

Anthropomorphism Definition
Anthropomorphism on Design+Encyclopedia

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