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Apophenia is a noun derived from the Greek prefix a- (not), and the noun apophainesthai (to show forth), meaning unexpected linkage or meaning in unrelated things. Synonyms for apophenia include seeing patterns, illusory correlation, and anomaly. An antonym for apophenia is randomness. Cognates for apophenia include apophany, apophanous and apophetic, while variants of the word apophenia include apophany, apophanous and apophetic.

Etymology morphology Apophenia language Greek origin meaning word usage lexicology lexicography lexeme lexicon synonyms antonyms cognates variants

George Adrian Postea


Apophenia is a noun used to describe the perception of patterns in random events. The term was originally used by German psychiatrist and neurologist, Dr. Klaus Conrad in his 1958 book entitled Die Endogenen Psychosen, which translates to mean Endogenous Psychosis. This term began to be used outside the realm of psychiatry in the 1960s. In linguistics, apophenia describes a process of forming meaningful connections between concepts and objects. Morphologically, the term is derived from the Greek language - apo meaning 'separate' and phainein meaning 'to show'. The pragmatics of apophenia suggest that the process is a form of cognitive bias or illogical thinking, which often leads to misinterpretation or incorrect conclusions.

Etymology, Morphology, Apophenia, Pragmatics, Cognitive Bias

Henry Fontaine


Apophenia is the experience of perceiving meaningful connections between unrelated or random phenomena. It is a form of illusory pattern recognition and mental organization in which random or unrelated stimuli are incorrectly identified as having intrinsic meaning. This phenomenon was first identified in the early 1900s by the Austrian psychiatrist, Karl Jaspers. In general terms, Apophenia can be described as seeing patterns, connections and correlations between seemingly unrelated and random events or ideas.

Equivalent words for “Apophenia” can be found in many languages and include Apofenia (Greek), Apofenia (Hebrew), Apofenia (Italian), Apofenia (Portuguese), Apophenie (German), Apofenie (Romanian), Apophenia (Bulgarian), Apofeniya (Ukrainian), Apofenija (R

Harris Awan


Apophenia is an idea that our brain can make connections between things that aren't actually related. It's a type of cognitive bias that can lead us to false conclusions or logical fallacies. For example, if you see the same type of car three days in a row, you might think that the same person is driving it each time. But it's more likely that it's just a coincidence and the car doesn't actually have anything to do with you. Apophenia can lead to wrong assumptions and can be dangerous when it comes to making decisions.

Apophenia, cognitive bias, logical fallacy, false conclusion.

Thomas Lee


Apophenia is a cognitive bias in which a person makes connections between unrelated events or ideas, often seeing patterns where none exist. It is closely related to logical fallacies, in which a person draws an incorrect conclusion from an incomplete set of evidence. This cognitive bias is thought to be linked to paranoia and superstition, as people may make connections between unrelated events and draw incorrect conclusions about the world around them. Apophenia can lead to unfounded beliefs and a lack of critical thinking, as people may draw incorrect conclusions from a lack of evidence.

Apophenia, cognitive bias, logical fallacies, paranoia, superstition, unfounded beliefs, critical thinking.

Jessica Adams

CITATION : "Jessica Adams. 'Apophenia.' Design+Encyclopedia. (Accessed on March 27, 2023)"

Apophenia Definition
Apophenia on Design+Encyclopedia

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