An astragal is an architectural element that has been used for centuries to provide both functional and decorative purposes. It is typically a narrow, convex torus that is used to create a border around a door or window. The astragal is commonly made of wood, stone, or metal and is used both functionally to secure and finish the door or window, and aesthetically to add an ornamental design element. It typically takes the form of a strip with a convex cross-section, providing a raised surface for the door or window which helps to create a weather seal, and can also be used to keep out dust and bugs. In addition to its use in doors and windows, the astragal is also commonly used in other architectural elements such as columns, fireplaces, and baseboards. It is a classic element of classical and traditional architecture, but also has its place in modern design. The astragal is often used in combination with other molding profiles, such as dentils, ogees, and cymas, to create intricate and visually appealing designs. The word astragal has a long history, with the earliest written record of the word found in Ancient Greek. The word originates from the Greek word astragalos, which was used to describe a sheep or goat's ankle bone. Historically, the term was used to denote an architectural element in columns, as part of the ovolo, a semicircular molding. However, in modern usage, it has come to be employed more generally in the description of various architectural features and finishes. Overall, the astragal is a versatile and timeless architectural element that has been used for centuries to provide both functional and decorative purposes. Its use in doors, windows, columns, fireplaces, and baseboards has made it a staple in classical and traditional architecture, but its ability to be combined with other molding profiles has also made it a popular choice in modern design.
architectural element, functional, decorative, molding profile, classical, traditional, modern design
Astragal is a molding profile that is commonly used in architecture, particularly in the Classical and Gothic Revival styles. It is typically a narrow, convex torus, and it is often found in window frames, doors, and other architectural elements. An astragal may be applied to the edges of a wall panel or other surface, or it may be used to define the space between two panels or other architectural elements. It is also used as a decorative feature in its own right, and is sometimes used to separate two panels or to create a pattern of alternating light and dark colors. In some cases, an astragal may be used to separate two architectural elements, such as a column and a doorway, or a door and a window. Astragals are often used in combination with other molding profiles, such as dentils, ogees, and cymas.
Molding, Profile, Torus, Decorative, Element.
An astragal is an architectural term for a moulding profile composed of a half-round surface surrounded by two flat planes. It is typically employed to provide a transition between two flat surfaces or a point of decoration for a column or other structure. Astragals are commonly used in door and window frames, baseboards, fireplaces, and column capitals. The astragal is a classic element of classical and traditional architecture, but also has its place in modern design.
Astragal profiles, mouldings, trim, frames, transitions, decoration, columns, capitals, doorways, windows, baseboards, fireplaces.
Masonry Astragal is a term used to describe a type of architectural element typically used as a decorative or protective feature in masonry construction. It is composed of two elements: an upright bar, which is usually circular in section, and a horizontal element, which is usually moulded or carved. The upright bar is usually recessed into a wall, acting as a barrier to prevent ingress of wind and rain, whilst the horizontal element is designed to provide a decorative finish. As a result, Astragals are often used to provide a transition between different materials or elements in a building, giving it a more finished and aesthetically pleasing look.
Architecture, Masonry, Ornamentation, Decorative, Transition.
The word Astragal is a noun, which is defined as a beaded moulding of semicircular or segmental section, and is commonly used as a decorative edging for a round opening in a door or window. Synonyms for this word include bead moulding, architrave, ogee moulding or fillet. Opposite meanings or antonyms include flat moulding or tablet moulding. Cognates of the word Astragal include the Latin term astragalus, and the Ancient Greek term astragalon. Variants of the word may include astragalus and astragli.
Linguistic, morphological, etymological, lexicology, diachronic, synchronic, morphological, Indo-European, ancient Greek, Latin
The word 'Astragal' possesses a long history, with the earliest written record of the word found in Ancient Greek, which suggests the term has been with us since antiquity. The word originates from the Greek word 'astragalos', which was used to describe a sheep or goat's ankle bone. Historically, the term was used to denote an architectural element in columns, as part of the ovolo, a semicircular moulding, but in modern usage, it has come to be employed more generally in the description of various architectural features and finishes. From a morphological and pragmatic perspective, the word itself is used to refer to the astragal, which is a moulding or frame that outlines the separation of two parts of a structure or element, such as a door, window, or wall. Additionally, the term has come to be used more liberally to describe the moulding of a window, door, or other structure, as well as a way to describe the edge of a board or rectangular panel.
Etymology, Morphology, Astragal, Pragmatics, Ancient Greek.
An astragal, also referred to as a moulding block, is a small square or rectangle block of wood, stone, or metal used to form a surface edge or border. It is typically used as a moulding block in furniture, wall and ceiling treatments, flooring, picture frames, and the like. In linguistics, an astragal may also be referred to as a chevron, architrave, astrogal, quirk, or cant rail. Other equivalent terms in other languages include astuce, dado, dado rail, bolection moulding, and lambrehousse.
run, trig, modillón, cornisa, vernissoir, guarnizione, architrave, dado, quirk, metope, cant rail, bolection, lambrehousse, limba, mansarda, menuta, rostro, refuerzo, maho, pasarela, tizen, trabe, cenefa.
Astragal is an architectural and design feature which is used to create a border around a door or window. It is commonly made of wood, stone, or metal and is used both functionally to secure and finish the door or window, and aesthetically to add an ornamental design element. It typically takes the form of a strip with a convex cross-section, providing a raised surface for the door or window which helps to create a weather seal, and can also be used to keep out dust and bugs.
Astragal, door moulding, window trim, weather seal.
CITATION : "Lauren Moore. 'Astragal.' Design+Encyclopedia. https://design-encyclopedia.com/?E=190004 (Accessed on November 29, 2023)"
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